*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 20, No. 38 September 21, 2001 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +New York ARES/RACES volunteers in good spirits * +Pentagon ARES team stands down * +ARRL treats FCC to ham radio up close and personal * +Georgia hams come "up north" to help * +Brand-new ham is youngest volunteer * +FCC prohibits automatic control on LA repeater * +Florida ARES and SKYWARN turn out for storm duty * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio Sign up for Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level II course Vietnam War veteran Bill Ruth, W3HRD, killed in Pentagon attack AMSAT-NA announces election results Disney special event postponed until December George Jacobs, W3ASK, to step down as CQ propagation editor Guatemala gets 70 cm back Kuwait authorizes 9K2USA call sign Special event station K5MFJ to commemorate MFJ's 30th anniversary Ten-Tec opens retail store, full-line dealership WWV survey deadline near +Available on ARRL Audio News =========================================================== ==>WORLD TRADE CENTER AMATEUR RADIO VOLUNTEERS BEARING UP WELL New York Amateur Radio Emergency Service and Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service volunteers generally are in good spirits, but tired, says New York City-Long Island Section Emergency Coordinator Tom Carrubba, KA2D. "The mood is positive," he said, more than a week into the grim reality of the World Trade Center attack response. "Overall, it's going very, very well. Everybody's settling into the routine of the operation." Two dozen or more hams per shift are covering communications and logistical support for the American Red Cross as well as supplementing communication for the New York City Office of Emergency Management. "It's a great effort every day, 24/7, and it's expanding as we get more requests." A single, multi-purpose ARES/RACES net is being maintained on the 147.000 MHz repeater in Manhattan. New York City District Emergency Coordinator and RACES Radio Officer Charles Hargrove, N2NOV, is serving as the incident commander. At this point, Carrubba said, the need for volunteers is being largely covered by amateurs from the Greater New York City Area--which includes New York City and Long Island, Eastern New York, Connecticut and Northern New Jersey. Hams have volunteered from all over, however, including at least eight Delaware-Lehigh Amateur Radio Club members from from Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley. Hams are deployed to 13 American Red Cross shelters, two OEM sites, several staging areas, and Red Cross headquarters, and as net controls. At any given time, up to a half dozen amateurs are posted just outside the secure perimeter of the so-called "Ground Zero" World Trade Center site, where Carrubba described conditions as "terrible." Volunteers there have been asked to provide respirators and other protective clothing. Shifts at all locations are 12 hours long. Carrubba explained that Amateur Radio volunteers are being rotated in and out of areas and duties in an effort to equalize the stress. "The first 30 or 40 hours everybody does 'the iron man act,' I call it, because they're running on adrenaline," he said. After that, everyone gets some rest and unwinds a little bit. "The people that are going back are fresh," he said. Since September 11, more than 350 hams have volunteered in excess of 5000 work hours. Carrubba anticipates the Amateur Radio support operations to continue for some time to come, since the normal telecommunications systems remain disrupted or problematic. "The communications in the shelter are being used like telephones," he said. Telephone service is available, but it can take 15 or 20 tries to get a call through. Carrubba said net traffic has been substantial, although there are occasional lulls. Many more volunteers will be needed before the ARES and RACES operation stands down "Right now our task is a long-term effort, Carrubba said. "The schedule is being filled in on a day-by-day basis." To date, more than 200 individuals have signed up via the World Trade Center Disaster Relief Communications Web site, <http://wtc.ab2m.net>. Carrubba expects that Amateur Radio assistance might be needed at least another week and possibly longer. "As long as there's a need for communications, we will be there," he said. In the meantime, REACT International is seeking additional Amateur Radio and licensed GMRS users, primarily to support the Salvation Army's relief efforts in New York. "We still need volunteers," said REACT International Secretary Lee Besing, N5NTG, who added that some shifts on Wednesday went unfilled. "They're burning out and having to return to their jobs," he said. REACT is now running 20 volunteers per shift. Volunteers should visit the REACT International Web site, <http://www.reactintl.org/tragedy_09112001.htm> or contact Charles Bessels, <NYCHelp@reactintl.org>. ==>PENTAGON ARES TEAM STANDS DOWN The team managed by Virginia Amateur Radio Emergency Service to support the Salvation Army's disaster relief operation at the Pentagon stood down this week. Virginia Section Emergency Coordinator Tom Gregory, N4NW, thanked all who volunteered and turned out to assist following the September 11 terrorist attack. "With the changes in security, increased shift times and, most of all, the ability of the Salvation Army to [now] manage their support operations via telephone, the need for Amateur Radio has ended," Gregory said. "The support provided here in Virginia, by the hams in New York--where operations continue--and in Pennsylvania clearly demonstrates the resolve and commitment by so many hams to meet the needs of our fellow Americans at this time of great tragedy." The ARES operation--with Tom Harmon, AK1E, as incident commander--provided logistical support between the Salvation Army's relief and recovery effort on site and the agency's Arlington headquarters. The Salvation Army has been providing food and refreshments to the crews engaged in the Pentagon investigation and recovery operations. Gregory said many of the more than 100 volunteers who reported for duty between September 11 and September 18 gave up time with their families and their jobs. In a few cases, he said, he even wrote letters to employers requesting that volunteers be allowed time off to work the incident. "Amateur Radio performed exactly as it was supposed to," Gregory said. "We responded to the need to provide communications where none were available." He said the Virginia ARES organization stands ready to jump in again "at a moment's notice" if the need arises. Another amateur team consisting of Mt Vernon Amateur Radio Club and Arlington County Amateur Radio Club members was providing communication and technical support to the American Red Cross relief effort at the Pentagon site. Arlington County ARES Emergency Coordinator Alan Bosch, KO4ALA, said his team was running shifts from 8 AM through 1 AM each day, and he expected the operation to continue at least through week's end. ARRL President Jim Haynie, W5JBP, visited members of the Pentagon ARES team on Monday, September 17. Gregory said he appreciated Haynie's encouragement at a difficult time. Haynie was accompanied by ARRL First Vice President Joel Harrison, W5ZN, FCC Special Counsel for Amateur Radio Enforcement Riley Hollingsworth, and ARRL Virginia Section Manager Carl Clements, W4CAC. ==>ARRL "AMATEUR RADIO DEMO AND EDUCATION DAY" WOWS FCC The ARRL this week took Amateur Radio's message directly to FCC Headquarters in Washington, DC. ARRL President Jim Haynie, W5JBP, said the idea behind the ARRL's "Amateur Radio Demo and Education Day" September 18 was to foster a positive view of the Amateur Service--especially with three new commissioners on board who may not be familiar with ham radio and the issues it faces. "The FCC is bombarded with paper every day in the form of filings, briefings, backgrounders and other print materials," said Haynie, who masterminded the demonstration. "So our purpose was to let the commissioners and their staff get out of the 'paper chase' for awhile and see Amateur Radio up close." The "demo" part of the event included a fully operational HF Amateur Radio station, which was used to make several contacts, a selection of low-profile antennas, a PSK31 setup, and a software-defined radio designed and built by Bob Larkin, W7PUA--and featured in QST <http://www.proaxis.com/~boblark/dsp10.htm>. The "education" facet comprised informational graphics throughout the room that depicted such topics as Amateur Radio disaster communication, the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) program, and deed covenants, conditions and restrictions--or CC&Rs--as they affect hams subjected to private land-use regulations. One surprisingly popular poster featured a description of radio wave propagation. A videotape loop on Kid's Day ran all day long. The event gave Haynie the chance to chat at length about Amateur Radio issues with FCC Chairman Michael Powell, commissioners Kathleen Abernathy, Michael Copps, and Kevin Martin, and key FCC staffers. Equally enthusiastic was ARRL First Vice President Joel Harrison, W5ZN, who also represented ARRL at the event. "We wanted to show the continuing--and maybe even growing--importance of Amateur Radio to the nation's telecommunications infrastructure, and to demonstrate our role in technological development and emergency communication," Harrison said. And that latter aspect did raise a somber note, as the Amateur Radio demonstration took place only days after the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks. Powell asked the FCC to "go on with the show," because of his commitment to keeping the FCC running on a business-as-usual basis during the national crisis. News of the tragic situation still pouring in underscored Amateur Radio's value in providing emergency assistance. Haynie said the highlight of the event was the interest and involvement of Chairman Powell and his staff as well as the opportunity personally to meet the other three new commissioners. Haynie said that some commissioners seemed particularly interested in information on Amateur Radio antenna installations that had been erected under the "reasonable accommodation" provision of PRB-1. Haynie said he was especially pleased that every commissioner and nearly all FCC department heads turned out with their staff members--nearly 100 visitors in all. Chairman Powell spent considerable time examining every display and asked for a personal demonstration of the PSK31 equipment. He was also interested in Amateur Radio involvement in rescue efforts at the World Trade Center and Pentagon disaster sites and how the Amateur Radio Emergency Service operates. ARRL General Counsel Chris Imlay said he was pleased to see that people did not just "cruise through" but stayed to discuss various issues and topics. Imlay said the event set the stage for future productive discussions with the FCC on a number of important Amateur Radio issues. On behalf of the ARRL contingent, Haynie deemed the day a huge success. "This was the first time we have ever had such an opportunity, and in our collective opinions it was very successful!" he said.--Steve Mansfield, N1MZA ==>GEORGIA HAMS SUPPORT SOUTHERN BAPTIST RELIEF EFFORT IN NYC A group of Georgia amateurs has accompanied Southern Baptist Convention Disaster Relief crews to the New York City area in the wake of last week's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. The hams are providing communications support to the Convention's mobile kitchens and shower units, deployed last week at the request of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The communications van of the Chattahoochee Baptist Association Amateur Radio team is stationed at a staging area at the Raritan Valley Baptist Church in Edison, New Jersey. Operating as W4CBA, the volunteers in Edison are utilizing the nearby New Jersey Institute of Technology Amateur Radio Club's K2MFF 147.225 MHz repeater in Newark to communicate with deployed kitchens and showers in the Brooklyn Naval Yard and near Ground Zero in Manhattan. Amateurs are accompanying volunteers from eight states into the field as they serve meals to relief workers and displaced residents. According to Jackie Whitlock, N4JJW, the call from FEMA came on Wednesday. By last Friday, two kitchens had been deployed, with a third unit in reserve at Edison. In their first 36 hours on the scene, 89 volunteers had served more than 7500 meals at the Manhattan and Brooklyn sites. The Chattahoochee Baptist Association has been supporting Southern Baptist Convention relief efforts since 1996. ==>THE YOUNGEST VOLUNTEER Ten-year-old Beverly Holtz of Huntington, Long Island, New York, was distraught after hearing of the tragedy at the World Trade Center. "I slowly explained what the news footage meant," said her father Fred Holtz, K2PSY. "The first thing she said was that she wanted to help." Neither of them realized just how soon she would get the chance. About six years ago Fred Holtz revived his interested in Amateur Radio. Soon his young daughter showed an interest in the hobby. Together they studied the electronics and Beverly was especially interested in the questions on emergency procedures. "I told her that they were very important and you never knew when you would need them," Holtz said. Father and daughter joined the local radio club and started going to meetings. Eventually she took the FCC exam for the Technician license and passed! She couldn't wait for her license to arrive and was ready to get on the air. Beverly's new ticket finally arrived Friday, September 14, and she was officially KC2IKT. The next day she and her dad were running errands in the car, listening to an emergency net being run on a local repeater, when they heard a call go out for volunteers to staff a shelter as part of the response to the World Trade Center attack. "We can do that!" Beverly told her dad. Fred Holtz called net control and explained that his daughter was only 10 and wanted to help. "No problem," they were told. That afternoon they reported to the Red Cross shelter in Valley Stream, New York. Some 40 European students were staying at the shelter after being stranded when flights were cancelled at the nearby airports in New York City. Using her dad's hand-held transceiver, Beverly answered questions from net control, relayed health-and-welfare traffic and was the only radio operator for the entire eight-hour shift. "I was very impressed that [net control] treated her as an equal and that she was able to do it," her dad said. "She really had a trial by fire!" Beverly said that the eight hours seemed like one hour. "I can't wait to do more," she said. "It made me feel good to help."--Diane Ortiz, K2DO ==>FCC PROHIBITS AUTOMATIC CONTROL ON LA AREA REPEATER The FCC has terminated the automatic control privileges of the W6NUT repeater in the Los Angeles, California, area until further notice. An FCC review into the repeater's operation initiated last winter followed allegations that the licensee or control operator failed to address "long periods of jamming by users, broadcasting, music playing as well as a plethora of other violations." The latest chapter in the W6NUT saga followed a September 7 letter to repeater owner Kathryn Tucker, AA6TK, from FCC Special Counsel for Amateur Radio Enforcement Riley Hollingsworth. Hollingsworth specifically cited incidents of alleged rules violations in early February on W6NUT and reiterated that extensive monitoring of W6NUT showed "no evidence that a control operator even exists for this repeater." The FCC also has reported receiving numerous complaints about W6NUT. In her reply to the FCC, Tucker identified her husband, Roy Tucker, N6TK, as the primary control operator "24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 52 weeks out of the year." But elsewhere in her response, Tucker noted that he was not on duty during the alleged misbehavior in early February that prompted the FCC review. Tucker also told the FCC that it was not the repeater's policy "to attempt to remove unruly operators" from using W6NUT. As for complaints, Tucker told the FCC that the W6NUT policy was to let them "go in one ear and out the other." The rules do "not exempt the repeater station licensee from responsibility for the proper operation of his or her station or allow a repeater station licensee to ignore complaints, Hollingsworth wrote. "Given your response, it is evident that you do not understand the duties of a control operator." Hollingsworth asked Kathryn Tucker to document her designation of Roy Tucker as the W6NUT control operator, and he noted that the rules hold licensee and control operator "equally responsible for the proper operation of the station." Automatic control does not absolve the licensee or control operator of the responsibility for illegal or improper conduct that airs, Hollingsworth explained. While there's an exception for inadvertent communications that violate the rules, he said, FCC rules do not consider improper or illegal conduct that's repetitive or continues for hours or days to be inadvertent. Hollingsworth requested that the licensee or the control operator conduct a time and usage study of W6NUT's operation for 14 consecutive 24-hour periods to demonstrate that the repeater can comply with FCC rules without a control operator on duty. The repeater may continue to operate using remote or local control in the meantime. As a result of the early February incident, Gregory S. Cook, ex-KC6USO, of Chico, turned in his license, and the FCC ordered Ted R. Sorensen III, KC6PQW, of Agoura Hills off all repeaters on the 144, 222, or 440-MHz bands for the next three years. ==>HAMS ACTIVATE AS GABRIELLE SWEEPS ACROSS FLORIDA Florida amateurs provided the National Weather Service with real-time reports as Tropical Storm Gabrielle swept across Florida September 14. Amateurs staffed the Ruskin National Weather Service Amateur Radio station WX4TBW starting at 9 PM on September 13 and remained on duty throughout the storm's passage. Damage reports began streaming in as Gabrielle approached Florida's west coast September 14. SKYWARN spotters from Sarasota and Manatee counties reported wind gusts as high as 74 MPH. Flooding generated by Gabrielle also forced an undetermined number of people from their homes in DeSoto, Hardee and Hillsborough counties. Nets were established to pass critical information to the National Weather Service and to handle local and regional ARES activities. Several shelters were staffed by ARES operators throughout the ARRL West Central Florida Section. According to West Central Florida Section Manager Dave Armbrust, AE4MR, area hams took the event in stride. "No big deal, our amateurs have been doing exactly this for years," Armbrust said. "Tropical storms and hurricanes are yearly events for ARES groups here. There is little need for us to do an annual SET as we generally get the real thing." Armbrust was asked if anything made this particular storm different. "The massive loss of power kind of hit us by surprise," he said, "but it does prove how important emergency power is to ARES." More than 250,000 Floridians lost power at least temporarily, but operations on the wide-coverage K4WCF repeater continued for nearly eight hours on emergency power. "The flooding and wind actually took three repeaters off the air, but the ARES groups had trained for the loss of repeaters, and they did not miss a beat," Armbrust said. While Gabrielle weakened as it moved eastward across the Florida peninsula, it still packed a punch. After passing over Florida, Gabrielle reached Hurricane strength over the Atlantic. The storm continued northeastward off the US and Canadian Coasts before becoming extratropical south of Newfoundland on September 19. The Hurricane Watch Net was not activated at any time. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Solar maven Tad Cook, K7VVV, Seattle, Washington, reports: Solar flux and sunspot numbers are in a general upward trend since the beginning of August. Average daily solar flux was down almost 23 points, and sunspot averages were off nearly 43 points, when compared to the previous week. The autumn equinox is Saturday, September 22, and right now is the best time for HF propagation in many months. Ten meters is getting really good at this time of year and will get better--at least in the northern hemisphere--during October and November. Looking at average sunspot numbers for the past two weeks, this could be the best fall equinox of the current cycle for HF propagation. Average daily sunspot numbers from September 6-19 were 220, but for the same period last year, it was only 113, and 132 in 1999. We haven't had sunspot counts this high prior to the fall equinox since the peak of the last solar cycle, when the average daily sunspot number was 219 from September 6-19, 1989. Predicted solar flux for Friday through the middle of next week is around 230. Sunspot numbers for September 13 through 19 were 223, 216, 183, 169, 159, 215 and 224, with a mean of 198.4. The 10.7-cm flux was 239.7, 236.6, 219.3, 207.1, 199.1, 203.8 and 198.8, with a mean of 214.9. Estimated planetary A indices were 18, 10, 15, 8, 10, 8 and 8, with a mean of 11. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The Scandinavian Activity Contest (SSB) and the Radio Club Panama XXX Anniversary Contest are the weekend of September 22-23. JUST AHEAD: The CQ WW RTTY Contest, and the Louisiana, Texas and Alabama QSO parties are September 29-30 weekend. See the ARRL Contest Branch page, http://www.arrl.org/contests/ and http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/weeklycont.html for more info. * Sign up for Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level II course: Registration begins Monday, September 24, at 4 PM Eastern Time for the on-line ARRL Level II-Intermediate Emergency Communications Course (EC-002). Visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Registration Page <https://www.arrl.org/forms/cce> to take advantage of this continuing education opportunity. Each class is limited to 50 seats, so don't wait to register. Answers to most questions are on the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education home page <http://www.arrl.org/cce> and the C-CE links at the right, including the C-CE FAQ page. Stay informed by reviewing these periodically. To learn more, contact ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Coordinator Dan Miller, K3UFG, firstname.lastname@example.org. * Vietnam War veteran Bill Ruth, W3HRD, killed in Pentagon attack: The terrorists' attack on the US has claimed another ham and ARRL member. Vietnam and Gulf War veteran and retired Chief Warrant Officer William Ruth, W3HRD, of Mount Airy, Maryland, is the fifth ham known to have died as a result of the terrorist attacks. The Army announced September 19 that Ruth, who worked at the Pentagon, was among the 30 confirmed dead. He was 58. "I remember Bill from my time with the Rock Creek Amateur Radio Association," said Leo Boberschmidt, W3LEO, a close friend. "I still remember the great slide program he gave on his experiences during the Gulf War; it's hard to say anything else right now." Four other amateurs are still missing in the wake of the World Trade Center attack. * AMSAT-NA announces election results: AMSAT-NA Corporate Secretary Martha Saragovitz has announced the results of the 2001 elections for the AMSAT-NA Board of Directors. Barry Baines, WD4ASW; Dick Daniels, W4PUJ, Robin Haighton, VE3FRH and Bill Tynan, W3XO, will retain their seats on the board for two years. Bruce Paige, KK5DO, is the first alternate, and Richard Hambly, W2GPS, is the Second Alternate. They will serve until the next election.--AMSAT-NA * Disney special event postponed until December: The W4D special event to commemorate the 100th birthday of Walt Disney, scheduled for September 30-October 1, will be postponed until December. The new date will be announced. The event is sponsored by the Disney Emergency Amateur Radio Service. * George Jacobs, W3ASK, to step down as CQ propagation editor: After more than a half-century of writing CQ's monthly "Propagation" column, George Jacobs, W3ASK, will step down at year's end as the magazine's propagation editor. Tomas Hood, NW7US, will takes over the column in January 2002. Jacobs will remain on the CQ staff as contributing editor emeritus. "George Jacobs is an institution at CQ and in Amateur Radio community," said CQ Editor Rich Moseson, W2VU. "Over the past 50-plus years, he has helped demystify propagation for amateurs around the world, and has a prediction accuracy record that can't be beaten." Dayton Hamvention this year named Jacobs Amateur of the Year. An ARRL Full Charter Life Member, Jacobs was among the founding fathers of the OSCAR amateur satellite program and served as CQ's space communications editor prior to the launch of OSCAR I in 1961. Professionally, Jacobs was instrumental in building the Voice of America's worldwide short-wave network as well as other short-wave broadcasting facilities. * Guatemala gets 70 cm back: The Amateur Radio Club of Guatemala (Club de Radioaficionados de Guatemala--CRAG), the Guatemalan International Amateur Radio Union member society, reports that 430-440 MHz has been returned to Amateur Radio there. In 1996, the government eliminated amateur access in the formerly shared bands and auctioned 70 cm frequencies to commercial land mobile stations. These services reportedly now will be relocated to other spectrum. CRAG reports that Guatemala will seek a footnote at World Radiocommunication Conference 2003 to give Amateur Radio primary status at 430-440 MHz in that country. CRAG had petitioned the Guatemalan government to reverse its decision removing Amateur Radio from the band, and CRAG and IARU Region 2 officials had met several times with government officials on the subject. CRAG thanked the IARU Executive Committee for its support. The IARU Region 2 Conference will be held in Guatemala City September 30 to October 5.--AMSAT; IARU * Kuwait authorizes 9K2USA call sign: Bob Furzer, K4CY/9K2ZZ, reports that the Kuwait Amateur Radio Society--in conjunction with the Kuwait Ministry of Communications--has authorized the use of the call sign 9K2USA by all radio amateurs in Kuwait. The authorization is being characterized as "a small token of the sympathy and support for the people of the United States from the citizens of Kuwait, and as an expression of deep condolence" following the deadly terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC. The authorization will continue through the end of September. The Kuwait Amateur Radio Society will handle QSL chores using a common database, and all QSLs will be via 9K2RA, e-mail 9K2RA@kars.org. Visit the KARS Web site <http://www.kars.org>.--Bob Furzer, K4CY/9K2ZZ * Special event station K5MFJ to commemorate MFJ's 30th anniversary: MFJ Enterprises in Starkville, Mississippi, will sponsor a Mississippi ARRL day in the park, Saturday, September 29. Special event station K5MFJ will be on the air to commemorate the company's 30th anniversary. Events include tailgating and factory tours of MFJ, Ameritron, Hy-Gain, and the MFJ metal shop and engineering building. ARRL and MFJ have provided door prizes. Lunch is on the house. Work K5MFJ on 10, 15, 20 or 40 meters and receive a commemorative certificate. QSL to MFJ Amateur Radio Club, PO Box 494, Mississippi State, MS 39762. For more information, visit the MFJ Web site <http://www.mfjenterprises.com>. * Ten-Tec opens retail store, full-line dealership: Ten-Tec has opened an Amateur Radio retail store and full-line equipment dealership. The 1000-square-foot retail store and ham shack are in the lobby of the Ten-Tec manufacturing facility in Sevierville, Tennessee. "We have a large, loyal customer base that we'll be able to supply with accessories that complement our own manufactured equipment," says Ten-Tec Amateur Radio Product Manager Scott Robbins, W4PA. "Equipment from more than 20 manufacturers is already in stock and available direct from Ten-Tec." Ten-Tec is planning a grand opening celebration for its new retail outlet during the annual Ten-Tec Hamfest, Friday and Saturday, September 28-29. Visit the Ten-Tec Web site <http://www.tentec.com>. * WWV survey deadline near: The deadline is September 30 for the National Institute of Standards and Technology survey seeking information on how WWV and WWVH listeners use the standard time and frequency broadcast services. The survey remains available on the Web <http://www.timesurvey.nist.gov/>. It's also available as a printable PDF or HTML file and in a hard-copy, mail-in version. According to WWV Station Manager John Lowe, the last WWV-WWVH user survey was done in 1985. He confirmed that the data collected ultimately could be used to determine whether WWV and WWVH remain on the air--especially given the popularity of NIST's other outlets, including its Web-based time server that gets in excess of 3 million hits a day. While Lowe strongly encouraged all WWV and WWVH users to send in a survey, he has suggested that more weight will be given to responses from corporate and institutional users. WWV in Ft Collins, Colorado, and WWVH on Kauai, Hawaii, broadcast continuous time and frequency information to millions of listeners worldwide. For more information, contact John Lowe, email@example.com. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; http://www.arrl.org. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb at http://www.arrl.org for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRLWeb Extra at http://www.arrl.org/members-only/extra offers ARRL members access to informative features and columns. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. 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