*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 21, No. 40 October 11, 2002 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +Letter pitches CC&R bill to House members * +ITU draft Recommendation sets limits on 70-cm spaceborne radars * +FCC's Hollingsworth attempts to define "good amateur practice" * +Politics continue to sidetrack FCC nomination * +Shuttle camera has ham radio origins * +Ham radio-in-space pioneer Thomas Kieselbach, DL2MDE, SK * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio Correction ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration ARRL to sponsor emergency communications course seminar at Pacificon +ARRL conducts VHF/UHF contesting and awards survey FCC terminates communications emergency New West Texas Section Manager named KB5HAV appointed assistant manager of Hurricane Watch Net Amateur Radio glossary, abbreviations available on ARRL Web site New W5 QSL Bureau address +Available on ARRL Audio News =========================================================== ==>SPONSOR, HOUSE AMATEURS PITCH CC&R BILL TO COLLEAGUES The sponsor of the CC&R bill, HR 4720, and the only two amateurs in the US House of Representatives are pitching colleagues to sign on as cosponsors. HR 4720 is aimed at providing relief to amateurs faced with private deed covenants, conditions and restrictions--CC&Rs--in erecting antennas. The letter went out last week to all members of the US House. "Your co-sponsorship of this bill is an opportunity to show your support for more than 670,000 licensed radio amateurs throughout the United States," says the letter signed by representatives Steve Israel (D-NY), Mike Ross, WD5DVR (D-AR) and Greg Walden, WB7OCE (R-OR). Israel introduced the measure last May, with Walden and Rep Pete Sessions (R-TX) as original cosponsors. Visit the US House of Representatives Write Your Representative Service Web page <http://www.house.gov/writerep/> for information on how to contact your representative. The ARRL requests those writing or e-mailing members of Congress--whether or not they are supporting this legislation--to copy ARRL on their correspondence--via e-mail to email@example.com or via US Mail to CC&R Bill, ARRL, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111. Correspondents should include the bill number, HR 4720, as well as their name and address on all correspondence. For more information, visit the HR 4720, The Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Consistency Act of 2002 page on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/govrelations/hr4720>. As of this week, HR 4720 has attracted 30 cosponsors, although one of them, Rep Patsy Mink (D-HI) died September 29. The latest to express support for the measure include representatives Jo Ann Davis (R-VA), Zoe Lofgren (D-CA), Marion Berry (D-AR), John Olver (D-MA) and Dennis Rehberg (R-MT). The "Dear Colleague" letter from Israel, Ross and Walden points out that hams "regularly provide emergency communication when regular communications channels are disrupted by disaster" and support governmental and private relief organizations. It further notes that with the growth of planned communities, hams "have begun to fall under an array of inconsistent regulations, making it increasingly difficult to operate." The CC&R bill, called "The Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Consistency Act," was introduced "to ensure the continued viability of Amateur Radio through consistent application of federal regulations," the letter said. HR 4720 would require private land-use regulators--such as homeowners' associations--to "reasonably accommodate" Amateur Radio communication consistent with the PRB-1 limited federal preemption. PRB-1 now applies only to states and municipalities. HR 4720 has been referred to the House Telecommunications and Internet Subcommittee, to which Walden recently was appointed. ==>ARRL, IARU CONTINUE PUSH FOR LIMITS TO 70-CM SPACEBORNE RADARS A just-completed draft revision to an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Recommendation could result in reining in the potential for interference to amateur and other services from synthetic aperture radars (SARs) on 70 cm. Agenda item 1.38 at World Radiocomunication Conference 2003 (WRC-03) will consider a request to allocate up to 6 MHz of spectrum for SARs in the band 420 to 470 MHz to be operated by the Earth Exploration Satellite Service (Active)--EESS-Active. At issue is whether the EESS allocation could be established without interfering with incumbent services, including radiolocation and amateur. "ARRL and IARU (International Amateur Radio Union) will continue to oppose SARs operating in the most active portions of the amateur 70-cm band," said ARRL Technical Specialist Walt Ireland, WB7CSL. The spaceborne SARs would be used to measure soil moisture, tropical biomass and Antarctic ice thickness, and to document geological history and climate change. EESS proponents contend that the best center frequency to penetrate jungle or forest canopies is 435 MHz. "There is some hype starting up at this late date that gives the impression that the sky is falling," Ireland said, referring to recent reports in the Amateur Radio news media that, among other things, incorrectly claim that EESS proponents are seeking "exclusive use" of 430 to 440 MHz and that the EESS issue is a new one. While some occasional interference from SARs to amateur systems would appear inevitable, Ireland said, efforts to minimize the impact of the EESS (Active) operations have been under way for several years. "Although the SAR interference criteria limitations in the revised Recommendation SA.1260 automatically would eliminate three of the SARs, amateurs can still expect to receive interference from some of the remaining SARs on a limited basis if WRC-03 allocates frequency spectrum between 420 and 440 MHz to EESS (Active)," he continued, "especially if the allocation is made primary." The revised draft would keep four of the proposed SARs and eliminate those with peak radiated power levels from 400 W to 10 kW--that is, average power levels above 25 W, he explained. Work on the major rewrite to ITU Recommendation SA.1260, hammered out by ITU-Radio Sector Working Party 7C over the last several years, wrapped up October 4 following a weeklong meeting. The draft recommendation sets interference criteria limitations for SARs to be operated by EESS (Active) in the 70-cm Radiolocation and Amateur and Amateur-Satellite Services band. Ireland represented the ARRL on the US Delegation to ITU-Radio Sector WP 7C. Ken Pulfer, VE3PU, represented the IARU. For the past two years, Pulfer has been chairing the drafting groups that worked on the revision and brought it to its present status--along the way incorporating protection for amateurs. SARs and the Amateur Service can coexist at 430 to 440 MHz "by taking appropriate technical and operational measures," the draft revision states. The Amateur Service is primary at 430 to 440 MHz in Region 1 and secondary in Regions 2 and 3, which includes the US. "It should be remembered, however, that an ITU-R recommendation is just that--a recommendation, not a regulatory instrument," Ireland cautioned. He notes that 18 sharing or compatibility studies--in which the ARRL and the IARU have actively participated--have been conducted during the past seven years--eight of them completed in the past two years. During the Conference Preparatory Meeting next month as well as at WRC-03 next June in Geneva, the ARRL has pledged to maintain its stance against egregious interference from SARs to Amateur Radio. The US also has expressed opposition to SARs that could interfere with its radiolocation systems in the band. Earlier this year, the FCC's WRC-03 Advisory Committee and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration's Radiocommunications Conference Subcommittee recommended no change to the Table of Allocations in the band 420 to 470 MHz as the US position. Both panels determined that SAR transmissions could periodically impact amateur reception and even held "the potential for significant interference." ==>"GOOD AMATEUR PRACTICE" MEANS NEVER HAVING TO SAY YOU'RE SORRY FCC Special Counsel Riley Hollingsworth has endorsed a list of several points that he feels help to define the concept of "good amateur practice." Section 97.101(a) of the Amateur Radio Service rules refers to "good engineering and good amateur practice"--considered to refer to maintaining the highest standards of engineering and on-the-air comportment. But the rule lacks specifics. "Good amateur practice is a hard thing to define," Hollingsworth conceded. "I'd have to say it's operating with the realization that frequencies are shared, that there's going to be occasional interference and that's no reason to become hateful and paranoid." Hollingsworth says amateurs have to realize that more people than ever are listening in, especially since September 11, 2001, and that amateurs always need to remember that "our rights end where another person's begin." A Michigan Amateur Radio club has been credited with distributing a list of "Riley-isms" culled from Hollingsworth's various talks at conventions and hamfests and club meetings around the US. Hollingsworth--who verified that he had been cited accurately--says his various comments represent an effort to flesh out what "good amateur practice" consists of for considerate the Amateur Radio operator. According to Hollingsworth, good amateur practice means: * giving a little ground--even if you have a right not to--in order to help preserve Amateur Radio and not cause it to get a bad name or hasten the day when it becomes obsolete. * respecting band plans, because they make it possible for every mode to have a chance. * being aware that we all love Amateur Radio, and there's no need to damage or disgrace it just to save face. * keeping personal conflicts off the air. Settle your arguments on the telephone, the Internet or in person. Just keep them off the air. * cutting a net or a contester a break, even if you don't have to and even if you have no interest whatsoever in nets or contesting. * realizing that every right carries responsibilities, and just because you may have a right to do certain things doesn't mean it's right to do them in every circumstance. * you don't "own" or get preference to use any frequency. * not operating so that whoever hears you becomes sorry they ever got into (or tuned in on) Amateur Radio in the first place. Hollingsworth notes that the list "doesn't touch on a lot of other technical issues, such as using 1500 W when your signal report received is 40 over 9." Good amateur practice, he said, "just means a lot of things that can't always be quantified."--thanks to Riley Hollingsworth ==>ADELSTEIN FCC NOMINATION AGAIN SIDETRACKED Word from Capitol Hill is that the nomination of Democrat Jonathan Adelstein to the FCC quite likely is dead for this year. Senate Republicans, still feuding with Democrats over judicial nominations, have placed anonymous holds on Adelstein's nomination--even after his July approval for a floor vote by the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee. A "hold" is a request by a Senator to the party leadership asking that a certain measure not be taken up on the floor. Typically, a hold serves as a bargaining chip to force the leadership to call up another piece of legislation. Adelstein is a former aide of Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD), long a lightning rod for Republican complaints for stalling congressional action. More recently, the partisan feuding exploded into outright accusations after Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) pulled from consideration the nomination of Dennis Shedd--a former top aide to Sen Strom Thurmond (R-SC)--to a federal judgeship. The move brought the 99-year-old Thurmond--a 48-year Senate veteran who's stepping down in January--to the floor to denounce the absent Leahy, who, he said, had promised a vote on Shedd before adjournment. "I am hurt and disappointed by this egregious act," Thurmond declared. Earlier this year, Judiciary Committee Democrats defeated the nominations of Federal Judge Charles Pickering and Texas Supreme Court Justice Priscilla Owens to the Fourth US Circuit of Appeals. At this point, all pending judicial and executive nominations, including Adelstein's, are in doubt. With time running out on this Congress, no Judiciary Committee meetings scheduled to consider nominations and the election looming, it's unlikely a compromise will be reached. The White House posted the nomination of Adelstein last February to complete the remainder of a five-year Commission term that expires next June 30. ==>CAMERA USED TO SHOOT SHUTTLE ATLANTIS LAUNCH HAD HAM RADIO ORIGINS Live video from a camera attached to NASA's shuttle Atlantis provided an unprecedented view of a space shuttle launch October 7. Designed and built by Ecliptic <http://www.eclipticenterprises.com/>, the RocketCam Imaging System was attached to the skin of the shuttle's large external fuel tank. AMSAT's <http://www.amsat.org> Jan King, W3GEY, is Ecliptic's chief technical officer. According to AMSAT's Tom Clark, W3IWI, King and another AMSAT stalwart--Gordon Hardman, W0RUN--developed the launch camera's prototype some years ago in Boulder, Colorado. According to an Ecliptics news release, the aft-facing RocketCam provided NASA's launch team and an eager world-wide audience with dramatic live, color video of the entire launch, starting 10 minutes before liftoff and continuing through separation of the shuttle's solid-rocket boosters and the jettisoning of its empty external fuel tank. The RocketCam transmission ceased some 15 minutes after liftoff when the tumbling external tank burned up during reentry into Earth's atmosphere above the Indian Ocean. Ecliptics says its unique camera system is employed regularly by Boeing on its Delta II and Delta III rockets and by Lockheed Martin Astronautics on its Atlas 2, Atlas 3, Atlas 5 and Titan IV rockets. King was the project manager for the AO-7 satellite, which recently came back to life following a silence of some 21 years. King and Hardman were the primary AMSAT-NA people behind the AO-10 satellite. Hardman and his wife Molly, W0MOM, are now principals in Crosslink <http://www.crosslinkinc.com/>, which makes the Alpha series of amplifiers. The Atlantis takeoff video is available from the Ecliptic Web site <http://www.eclipticenterprises.com/gallery_rocketcam.shtml> or from the NASA Human Spaceflight Web site <http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/video/shuttle/sts-112/html/fd1.html>. ==>AMATEUR RADIO SATELLITE PIONEER THOMAS KIESELBACH, DL2MDE, SK Thomas Kieselbach, DL2MDE, of Wessling, Germany, died October 8. Kieselbach was among the founders and early supporters of the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) program and a ham radio-in-space pioneer. He served as technical director for ARISS-Europe and represented Europe on the ARISS Technical Committee. In that role, he was directly involved in developing a Phase 2 ARISS project for the ISS. According to ARISS Vice Chairman Gaston Bertels, ON4WF, Kieselbach suffered a fatal heart attack while sailing. "On behalf of the ARISS International Team, I would like to express my sadness in the loss of a true friend and outstanding technical ham," said ARISS Board Chairman Frank Bauer, KA3HDO. "As one of the founding delegates of ARISS, he challenged our team to push the technical limits of Amateur Radio in space." Bauer also expressed condolences to Kieselbach's wife, Gaby, and to his family. Retired from an engineering career in the space industry, Kieselbach's Amateur Radio activities centered on satellites and manned space flight. Bauer said he first became acquainted with Kieselbach's outstanding technical abilities in 1985 during the STS-61-A German Spacelab-D1 space shuttle flight. "During this mission, he flew the first set of German Amateur Radio hardware on a human spaceflight," Bauer said, referring to the first SAFEX (Space Amateur Funk EXperiment) project, which Kieselbach had personally constructed. "One of the most impressive parts of this system was the external antenna that was mounted on the outside of the Spacelab module," Bauer recalled. "He was the first to fly an external antenna on a human spaceflight program." Kieselbach's work "blazed a trail for Mir and ISS," Bauer said. Kieselbach developed the SAFEX ham repeater-in-space program aboard the Russian Mir spacecraft. His "Digitalker" digital voice recorder aboard Mir was used to transmit holiday messages from space in 1996. Bauer also cited Kieselbach's role in the STS-55 German Spacelab-D2 space shuttle flight in 1993 that was the first to include US and German-build ham gear. "We thank him for his technical ideas and vision," Bauer said. Fellow German ARISS team member JŲrg Hahn, DL3LUM--who described Kieselbach as his best friend--expressed shock at learning of Kieselbach's death. "He had always the spirit of a pioneer with regard to new technology," Hahn said. "I will really miss him." ==>SOLAR UPDATE Propagation guru Tad "Walking on the Sun" Cook, K7VVV, Seattle, Washington, reports: All indices were up this week. Average daily sunspot numbers rose by more than 4, and average solar flux was up by nearly 16. There was a great deal of geomagnetic activity. Average daily A index was up more than nine points. There really wasn't a day this week that geomagnetic indices didn't indicate storminess. The most active day was October 4, when the planetary A index was 48. The third calendar quarter ended a week and a half ago, so it is time to review some of the averages. Average daily sunspot numbers for the past seven quarters were 147.3, 164.8, 170.4, 198.1, 178.3, 165.3 and 193.5. Average daily solar flux for those same quarters was 164.4, 166.7, 175.5, 219.1, 203.9, 156.4 and 178.1. Average daily sunspot per month January through September was 189, 194.5, 153.1, 144.4, 204.1, 146, 183.5, 191 and 206.4. Average solar flux for those same months was 227.3, 205, 179.5, 141.1, 178.4, 148.7, 174.4, 183.9 and 175.8. Over the next few days look for the geomagnetic indices to quiet and solar flux to rise slightly to 175. Sunspot numbers for October 3 through 9 were 81, 98, 155, 126, 143, 128 and 226, with a mean of 136.7. The 10.7-cm flux was 145.9, 157.5, 155.1, 161.7, 163.8, 165.4 and 167.2, with a mean of 159.1. Estimated planetary A indices were 33, 48, 29, 19, 39, 34 and 22, with a mean of 32. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The YLRL Anniversary Party (CW), the 10-10 Day Sprint, the Oceania DX Contest (CW), the EU Autumn Sprint (CW), the Pennsylvania QSO Party, the FISTS Fall Sprint , the Iberoamericano Contest, and the North American Sprint (RTTY) are the weekend of October 12-13. JUST AHEAD: the YLRL Anniversary Party (SSB) is Oct 16-18. The JARTS World Wide RTTY Contest, the ARCI Fall QSO Party, the Worked All Germany Contest, the Asia-Pacific Sprint (CW), the RSGB 21/28 MHz Contest (CW) and the Illinois QSO Party are the weekend of October 19-20. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * Correction: A number in the story "Whitson Wows 'Em from Canada to California" in The ARRL Letter, Vol 21, No 39 (Oct 4, 2002) demonstrates a deficient knowledge of West Coast geography on the part of us East Coasters. Hacienda Heights, California, is located approximately 18 miles east of Los Angeles. Our report had greatly inflated that distance. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration for the ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level II (EC-002) and Antenna Modeling (EC-004) courses opens Monday, October 14, 4 PM Eastern Daylight Time (2000 UTC). Registration will remain open through Sunday, October 20. Classes begin October 21. Antenna Modeling students now have up to 16 weeks to complete the course. If you have not yet cast your vote in the C-CE new course survey, visit the CCE Course Survey Web page <<http://www.arrl.org/members-only/cce/ccesurv.html>> before midnight EDT on October 27. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce> and the C-CE Links found there. For more information, contact Certification and Continuing Education Program Coordinator Howard Robins, W1HSR, firstname.lastname@example.org. * ARRL to sponsor emergency communications course seminar at Pacificon: The ARRL will offer a free Amateur Radio Emergency Communications course (ARECC) seminar October 18 in conjunction with Pacificon--the ARRL 2002 Pacific Division Convention. This seminar is designed to increase awareness of the Amateur Radio Emergency Communications course; it will not include the Level I course itself. It's geared to certification mentors, certification instructors, certification examiners and anyone who wants to know more about these volunteer positions. "With Level I emergency communications training being offered nationwide under the homeland security grant from the Corporation for National and Community Service, we hope to have all ARECC team players reading from the same page to ensure success under the federal grant guidelines," said ARRL Emergency Communications Course Manager Dan Miller, K3UFG. The seminar will be held Friday, October 18, 1:15 until 5:15 PM, in the Los Medanos room of the Airport Sheraton Hotel, 45 John Glenn Drive, Concord, California. Seating may be limited. Contact Miller at ARRL Headquarters if you plan to attend (email@example.com; 860-594-0340; fax 860-594-0259). Seminar attendance does not include admission to Pacificon, which is October 18-20. For more information about Pacificon, visit the Pacificon 2002 Web site <http://www.pacificon.org/>. * ARRL conducts VHF/UHF contesting and awards survey: As part of an effort to boost participation in ARRL-sponsored VHF/UHF operating events and awards programs, the League is surveying a random sample of routine top-scorers as well as average participants and clubs that regularly participate in VHF/UHF competitions. The ARRL seeks input on the drop in contest participation and the best ways to address the trend. "We'd also like to hear from you about the ARRL VHF/UHF awards program in general," said ARRL Membership Services Manager Wayne Mills, N7NG. "Our interest is in gathering information we can use to improve the participation and quality of both the various ARRL VHF/UHF contests and the ARRL VHF/UHF awards programs." The survey is organized into several areas of inquiry, the first dealing exclusively with contesting. It also seeks opinions on improvements or additions to VHF/UHF contesting that might attract more operators and on the awards program. The survey is available on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/contests/announcements/vhf-survey.pdf>. Participants are encouraged to provide as much detail as necessary. Surveys should be completed and returned by October 31 via USPS mail to VHF/UHF Survey, c/o Wayne Mills, N7NG, ARRL, 225 Main St, Newington CT 06111. The ARRL encourages copying and distributing blank surveys to others who might be interested in VHF/UHF contesting. A summary of survey results will be available in the future. * FCC terminates communications emergency: At the request of the ARRL, the FCC terminated its declared communications emergency, effective October 10 at 1700 UTC. The FCC ordered the communications emergency during Hurricane Lili, which affected several Gulf Coast states. The FCC has announced that amateurs may resume routine use of the frequencies 3873 kHz and 7285 kHz, plus or minus 3 kHz. "The Federal Communications Commission wishes to thank everyone for their cooperation and dedicated amateur service," said Joseph P. Casey, chief of the Technical and Public Safety Division within the FCC's Enforcement Bureau. * New West Texas Section Manager named: ARRL Field and Educational Services Manager Rosalie White, K1STO, has announced the appointment of John Dyer, AE5B, of Cisco, Texas, as ARRL West Texas Section Manager. The appointment was effective October 8. Dyer will complete the remaining term of outgoing SM Lee Kitchens, N5YBW, which ends June 30, 2003. Kitchens, who had served as West Texas SM since July 2001, stepped down citing business and family responsibilities. Dyer, an ARRL Life Member, has been licensed since 1961. He has served as Callahan County ARRL Emergency Coordinator and District 3 Emergency Coordinator since 1999. He currently serves as president of the Key City Amateur Radio Club (an ARRL-affiliated club). His family members also are radio amateurs. His wife Carla is K5RLA; his son John is KB5CUL, and his daughter Kathy is KB5CUN. Members may contact Dyer via e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org>. * KB5HAV appointed assistant manager of Hurricane Watch Net: Hurricane Watch Net <http://www.hwn.org> Manager Mike Pilgrim, K5MP, has announced the appointment of Bobby Graves, KB5HAV, of Pearl, Mississippi, as assistant net manager. "Since April when I assumed the helm, we had not named a successor to my former role," Pilgrim said this week. "Well, based on all the activity over the past two weeks, and with full awareness and appreciation for the yeoman's effort and results produced by Bobby in my absence, it is with great pleasure that Bobby has accepted the invitation to be my assistant." Graves, who handled the HWN solo during Hurricane Lili in late September and early October, said he was pleased and honored to accept his new HWN responsibilities. "I look very much forward to working with Mike in helping the Hurricane Watch Net grow stronger as well as take it to newer heights," he said. Assistant Amateur Radio Coordinator Julio Ripoll, WD4JR, at the National Hurricane Center's W4EHW, praised Graves' work during hurricanes Isidore and Lili. "Your performance was outstanding, and your professionalism, both on-the-air and off, is an good example for all to follow," he said. Pilgrim thanked Graves for "stepping up to the challenge" and said he and Graves already were working on developing a strategy for "continuing a harmonious and effective leadership" of the HWN. * Amateur Radio glossary, abbreviations available on ARRL Web site: A glossary <http://www.arrl.org/qst/glossary.html> of Amateur Radio and electronics terms and a list of abbreviations <http://www.arrl.org/qst/aguide/Abbrev_AWE.pdf> found in ARRL publications now are available on the ARRL Web site. The glossary covers the range of terms from "Alternating current (ac)" to "Yagi antenna" and "73." The abbreviations cover the field from "a"--the abbreviation for "atto," the prefix for 10 to the minus 18th--to the Greek letter Omega, the symbol for ohm(s). Also posted is a list of corrections that will appear as "Feedback" <http://www.arrl.org/qst/feedback/> items in QST. The posting of the glossary, abbreviations list and "Feedback" came about as a result of suggestions from members and should prove especially helpful and convenient to newcomers to Amateur Radio. * New W5 QSL Bureau address: The new address for the ARRL W5 Incoming QSL Bureau is O.K.D.X.A, PO Box 2591, Claremore, OK 74017-2591 73. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; http://www.arrl.org. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb at http://www.arrl.org for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRLWeb Extra at http://www.arrl.org/members-only/extra offers ARRL members access to informative features and columns. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, firstname.lastname@example.org ==>ARRL News on the Web: http://www.arrl.org ==>ARRL Audio News: http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/ or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your address for e-mail delivery: ARRL members first must register on the Members Only Web Site, http://www.arrl.org/members/. 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