*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 25, No. 28 July 14, 2006 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +Canadian WRTC-2006 team takes home the gold * +ARRL Board set to meet in Connecticut * +Children's museum visitors in Japan talk with ISS via ham radio * +Severe weather in New England prompts SKYWARN activation * +FCC seeks public input on Katrina panel recommendations * +German astronaut-ham settles in as third ISS crew member * +Six meters -- the "Magic Band" -- lives up to its name * +"Bart" Bartlett, W6OWP, SK * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration FCC has openings for telecommunications specialists at monitoring center Major changes to UK amateur rules announced Free IOTA Contest logger available DXCC Desk approves operation for DXCC credit Ted Tate, K6YN, SK +Available on ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> =========================================================== ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): firstname.lastname@example.org ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, email@example.com =========================================================== ==>CANADIAN TEAM TAKES WRTC-2006 GOLD, "PHANTOM QSOs" MYSTERY CLOUDS EVENT Canadians John Sluymer, VE3EJ, and Jim Roberts, VE7ZO (ex-VE3IY), officially topped the 46-team field at World Radiosport Team Championship 2006 (WRTC-2006) in Brazil <http://www.wrtc2006.org/> July 8-9. As PT5M they logged nearly 2.44 million points to take home the gold. US teams took the second and third positions for silver and bronze medals, respectively. But the appearance in one log of a large number of what officials are calling "phantom QSOs" took another team out of medal contention. Earning the silver medal was the US-West team of Californians Dan Craig, N6MJ, and Dave Mueller, N2NL, with nearly 2.32 million points from PW5C. The national special invited team of Doug Grant, K1DG, and Andy Blank, N2NT -- operating as PT5Y -- landed in third place with almost 2.1 million points. They had been in fourth place in the preliminary "Scoreboard" results as the event ended at July 9 at 1200 UTC. The final five changed, however, once WRTC-2006 officials reviewed all logs. Preliminary Scoreboard numbers had the Serbia-Montenegro team of Ranko Boca, YT6A, and Djurica Maletin, YT6T -- operating as PT5L -- scrambling from 11th to third place in the final hour of the event. When the smoke cleared, however, they ended in 11th place. In a statement <http://www.wrtc2006.com/release59.html> July 14, WRTC-2006 officials explained that the PT5L log contained an unusually high number of "uniques" -- call signs that appeared rarely or not at all in the logs of more than 1000 IARU contest participants or of other WRTC-2006 competitors. The officials said recorded audio from PT5L confirmed that the QSOs had in fact taken place. "It appeared to the judges, from listening to the recording while examining annotated log extracts identifying the 'uniques,' that there was a small number of stations, probably more than one, feeding 'phantom QSOs' to PT5L," the WRTC-2006 statement said. Signing the statement in addition to Atilano de Oms, PY5EG, as WRTC-2006 steering committee chair, were judges David Sumner, K1ZZ, and Roger Western, G3SXW, and Log-Checking Committee members Larry "Tree" Tyree, N6TR, and Phil Goetz, N6ZZ. As a result, the judges and log-checking committee decided to reduce the threshold for determining a unique QSO to a relatively small number of logs and to delete all uniques from the logs of all 46 competing teams. While most teams lost about 15 QSOs, the action resulted in the deletion of 240 contacts -- nearly all "manufactured" at the other end -- from the PT5L log and the loss of the bronze medal. The five WRTC-2006 officials said it appears most likely that the "phantom QSOs" were intended to sabotage either one or both of the PT5L operators specifically or a randomly selected WRTC station. "Such behavior, by amateur operators outside the WRTC event itself, is both reprehensible and illegal and deserves to be thoroughly investigated," the officials said. "However, doing so within the time frame of the WRTC event was impossible." Taking the fourth spot with some 2.02 million points was the Ukrainian team of Yuri Onipko, UT4UZ, and Dimitry Stashuk, UT5UGR, who competed as PW5X. They'd showed up in fifth place in the preliminary standings. Rounding out the top five was the PT5D team of Stefano Brioschi, IK2QEI, and Stefano Galli, IK2JUB, of Italy. They racked up nearly 1.99 million points. These special awards were also presented: PW5U (XE1KK/XE1NTT) for the most CW QSO points among stations with at least 35 percent SSB QSOs; PT5N (9A8A/9A5K) for the most SSB QSO points; PW5K (ES5TV/ES2RR) for the most accurate log among the top 20 finisher, and PW5G (IZ3EYZ/9A1UN) for the top score among Bi-National Young Team participants. WRTC-2006 selected 47 teams to take part, but only 46 competed because the Czech Republic team of OK1FUA and OK2RZ was unable to get to Brazil because of an airline service suspension. Citing other commitments, three-time WRTC winners Dan Street, K1TO, and Jeff Steinman, N5TJ, did not participate in this year's event in Brazil. ==>ARRL BOARD OF DIRECTORS TO MEET JULY 21-22 The ARRL Board of Directors will convene Friday and Saturday, July 21-22, in Windsor, Connecticut, for its second meeting of 2006. ARRL President Joel Harrison, W5ZN -- who was elected at the January Board meeting -- will preside. During an informal session Thursday, July 20, Board members will discuss possible ways to improve League members' awareness of how to interact with Congress regarding Amateur Radio-related legislation. During the Friday session, the Board will concentrate on routine business matters including receiving reports from officers and committees as part of its "consent agenda." In addition, the Board will discuss proposals for amendments to the League's Articles of Association and Bylaws and consider a 2007 ARRL National Convention proposal and the recommendations of standing committees. Board members also will review and act upon recommendations to designate the recipients of various ARRL awards. Following the Friday morning roll call, Radio Amateurs of Canada President Earle Smith, VE6NM, a guest of the Board, will extend greetings from the RAC and speak briefly. The Board plans to devote Friday evening to hearing a presentation from ASMAT-NA. On Saturday, the Board will focus on a review and revision of the ARRL Strategic Plan and the selection of strategies for 2007. It also will consider any additional business that might come before it. The July meeting will be the first for Delta Division Vice Director Karl Bullock, WA5TMC. He was named earlier this year to succeed Henry Leggette, WD4Q, who became Delta Division Director when Rick Roderick, K5UR, was elected a vice president at the January meeting. ==>HIROSHIMA CHILDREN'S MUSEUM VISITORS SPEAK WITH ISS VIA HAM RADIO Youngsters visiting Hiroshima Children's Museum in Japan July 4 were among the latest earthlings to have the opportunity to speak via Amateur Radio with the crew of the International Space Station. The Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) program arranged the direct 2-meter contact between 8J4CM at the museum and NA1SS in space. Expedition 13 astronaut Jeff Williams, KD5TVQ, answered 15 of the kids' questions. One youngster wanted to know if it was hard to live in space. "Probably the most difficult thing is being up here so long and being away from our families and our friends," Williams said. "Six months is a long time to be isolated away from Earth." Williams also allowed that it's easier to live on Earth than in space, despite the microgravity environment aboard the ISS. "Well, of course, in a weightless environment, some things are very easy in space. To move large objects, it's very easy to move around -- you don't have to work very hard to move around," the astronaut said. "But generally living on Earth is much easier because you have a lot of conveniences that we generally can take for granted on Earth, and we don't have up here. So, it takes a little bit more work, and it's a little more difficult generally up here." Responding to another youngster's question, Williams explained how the ISS gets its power. "We use solar arrays outside that capture the energy from the sun and turn it into electricity," Williams told the youngsters. "We have rocket engines outside the space station that are used to adjust the orbit and also to maintain the attitude of the space station." Williams pointed out that the ISS crew's schedule is governed by the clock -- the ISS operates on UTC -- not by whether it's light or dark outside. He said the crew typically awakens at 0600 UTC and retires at around 2200 UTC. The Amateur Radio Earth station was set up in the museum's planetarium. Control operator Osamu "Sam" Shimoi, JA4QAO, told Williams that the contact would be "a lasting memory for all of us." The ARISS mentor was Satoshi Yasuda, 7M3TJZ. Nearly 200 people were on hand for the ARISS event, including a newspaper reporter. ARISS <http://www.rac.ca/ariss> is a nine-nation educational outreach with US participation by ARRL, AMSAT and NASA. ==>SKYWARN BUSY AS SEVERE WEATHER, TORNADO HIT NEW ENGLAND An outbreak of severe weather in New England July 11 kept SKYWARN nets in Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Hampshire busy fielding reports of high winds, large hail, flooding and even a small tornado. Amateur Radio SKYWARN coordinators assisted with damage assessment well into the evening. "We haven't had a severe weather outbreak like this in quite some time," said ARRL Eastern Massachusetts Section Emergency Coordinator Rob Macedo, KD1CY, who also serves as ARES SKYWARN Coordinator for the National Weather Service office in Taunton, Massachusetts. Amateur Radio volunteers activated in May after the worst flooding in 70 years struck several New England coastal communities, but this week's outbreak offered up a wide range of weather phenomena, including golf ball-sized hail. SKYWARN initiated nets to support NWS Taunton after the Storm Prediction Center issued a severe thunderstorm watch and cited the possibility of isolated tornadoes on July 11, Macedo told ARRL. Amateur Radio SKYWARN volunteers filed numerous reports, including one of a funnel cloud in the Topsfield/Danvers, Massachusetts, area. That report prompted the NWS to issue a tornado warning for eastern Essex County, Massachusetts, Macedo said. The NWS determined this week that an F2 tornado did touch down in Wendell, located east of Greenfield in Franklin County, Massachusetts. Western Massachusetts ARES SKYWARN Coordinator Ray Weber, KA1JJM, reviewed an area of significant damage in Wendell. Macedo says the NWS Taunton County Warning Area averages up to three tornadoes per year. The biggest hailstones fell in Peabody, Salisbury and Marblehead, Massachusetts, among other communities. "We received reports of hail one to three inches in diameter in many locations," Macedo said. "Golf ball to tennis ball-sized hail also fell in Exeter, New Hampshire." Macedo also cited reports of wind damage, with trees and wires down in many towns, and urban flooding significant enough to close roads and cause some cars to get stuck. High winds along Massachusetts' North Shore in the Marblehead area toppled trees, damaged houses and tore some two dozen boats from their moorings, piling them on top of each other. Weather spotters measured wind gusts approaching 100 MPH in Marblehead, Palmer said. TV outlets credited Amateur Radio SKYWARN spotters for spotting a funnel cloud in the North Shore and aired video shot by North Shore ARES Emergency Coordinator Jim Palmer, KB1KQW, on the 11 PM news. Palmer is also assistant SKYWARN coordinator. Photos of the funnel cloud, flooding and other storm damage are on the North Shore Radio Association (NSRA) Web site <http://www.nsradio.org/SKYWARN/photo/severe071106/index.htm>. Assistant Section Manager Chief of Staff and South Shore ARES District Emergency Coordinator Carl Aveni, N1FY, said he was pleased about the TV coverage. "We need to raise public awareness of how valuable Amateur Radio and weather spotting can be and how they complement one another," said Aveni, who worked with Macedo at the NWS Taunton office. Macedo says Amateur Radio SKYWARN coordinators this week assisted NWS Taunton with damage assessment. "We could use a break from the active weather," he said. ==>FCC INVITES COMMENTS ON KATRINA PANEL RECOMMENDATIONS Comments are due Monday, August 7, in response to an FCC Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM) regarding recommendations of the independent panel that reviewed Hurricane Katrina's impact on communication systems (EB Docket 06-119). Reply comments are due by Monday, August 21. "The Commission, in this proceeding, is to take the lessons learned from this disaster and build upon them to promote more effective, efficient response and recovery efforts as well as heightened readiness and preparedness in the future," the FCC said. Some of the wide-ranging proposals in the NPRM, released in June, could affect the Part 97 Amateur Service rules. The FCC asked if it should explore amending its rules to permit automatic grants of certain types of waivers or special temporary authority (STA) in declared disaster areas. After last year's devastating hurricanes, the FCC issued a handful of STAs to permit licensees lacking HF privileges to operate on HF for emergency purposes. The NPRM further offered three specific areas for consideration: Waiver of Amateur Radio and license-exempt rules, permitting transmissions necessary to meet essential communications needs; waiver of application filing deadlines, something the FCC did last fall for amateurs living in hurricane-stricken states; and a streamlined STA process. Interested parties may file comments and view the comments of others via the Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS) <http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/>. In either case, enter "06-119" in the "Proceeding" field (without quotation marks but including the hyphen). A copy of the NPRM is on the FCC Web site <http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-06-83A1.pdf>. ==>NEW ISS CREW MEMBER SETTLING IN, SCHOOL QSOS BEING LINED UP European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Thomas Reiter, DF4TR, has been settling in as part of the International Space Station crew. He joined Expedition 13 earlier this month after arriving aboard the shuttle Discovery, marking the first time since May 2003 that the station has had a three-member crew. The 48-year-old Frankfurt, Germany, native spent 179 days aboard the Russian Mir space station more than a decade ago. He told reporters that experience should make this duty tour seem more routine. Reiter will spend a little more than two months with his Expedition 13 crewmates, Commander Pavel Vinogradov, RV3BS, and Flight Engineer Jeff Williams, KD5TVQ, who return to Earth in September. Under a contract between the ESA and the Russian Federal Space Agency Roscosmos, Reiter will remain aboard the ISS through part of Expedition 14. At the ESA's request, the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) international team is lining up a schedule of school QSOs for Reiter. So far, the schedule calls for Reiter to make his first school contact July 29 with youngsters at an ESA space camp in Greece. The ARISS equipment on the ISS has been powered up again after being shut down per standard operating procedure to accommodate this week's spacewalks, and the RS0ISS packet station is active again. Mission STS-121 shuttle crew members this week conducted three spacewalks to perform station maintenance and to test on-orbit heat shield repair techniques. Both crews cooperated in transferring cargo this week. Discovery is scheduled to return to Earth July 17. ==>"MAGIC BAND" DOES ITS THING Stations in several parts of the US took advantage of a monster opening on 6 meters -- the "Magic Band" -- Wednesday, July 12. The Daily DX <http://www.dailydx.com/> Editor Bernie McClenny, W3UR, who also edits "How's DX?" for QST, says the band began warming up at his Maryland QTH before sunrise, but the biggest opening occurred just before 2100 UTC. "The band stayed open to Europe until just after 0000Z today," McClenny said July 13. He credits fellow 6-meter DX chaser Marty Green, K2PLF, with tipping him off. "I ran downstairs and could not believe my ears," McClenny enthused in the July 13 edition of The Daily DX. "I have never heard conditions so good and so widespread into Europe." McClenny said "the band was packed" from about 50.066 to well above 50.200 MHz with CW and SSB signals and even a few weak digital signals. So bountiful were the 6-meter DX spots, he recounts, "I didn't know where to begin." McClenny said conditions were so good "stations with 10-foot high antennas and 5 W were making it across the pond." QST's "World Above 50 MHz" Editor Gene Zimmerman, W3ZZ, called it "probably the best 6 meter Es [sporadic E] opening of all time" into Europe. "I worked about two dozen Europeans as far east as Bulgaria but no new countries," Zimmerman said. Rich Lawrence, KB1DMX, in Connecticut reported hearing stations in Italy, France, Spain, England, the Canary Islands, Serbia, Belgium and the Azores. Rick Tharrington, KD4JRX, in North Carolina was among those posting exclamatory reports to the SixClub reflector. "I could not believe the European stations on the band," he said. "It sounded like 20 meters for while!" He worked EH8BPX and ON4IQ, among others, with 59 reports. "The magic band is working its magic today!" he added. On the same reflector, Paul Lenharr, KB3NDS, reported working 18 stations in just under 45 minutes from his modest station -- 100 W to a dipole at 35 feet -- in Maryland. "This was one of the best openings for me since I started using 6 meters," he said. In another SixClub posting, Jack Shutt, W9GT, said the band "was hopping" at his QTH in Indiana the evening of July 12, but he couldn't hear any DX. "Six meters, however, was open coast to coast," he reported, noting that he worked several stations to his west, including a couple in Nevada and one in California. "I hope we can enjoy these conditions for a while yet," Shutt said. "Sure is fun when 6 is open!" McClenny said Jose DaSilva, N4IS, in Southern Florida, may have been the first US station to work Montenegro on 6 meters when he snagged YU6DZ at 1559 UTC. "After four seasons on the band," McClenny concluded, "I would have to say that overall this has been the best -- and we are just about at the bottom of the sunspot cycle! Are you on 6?" ==>FORREST A. "BART" BARTLETT, W6OWP, SK Forrest "Bart" Bartlett, W6OWP, of Paradise, California, died July 3. He was 92. For more than a half-century, W6OWP was the home of the ARRL code practice and West Coast Qualifying Run transmissions, provided for those unable to reliably copy W1AW. Licensed in the 1930s, Bartlett contributed several articles to QST between 1941 and 1995, including two on electronic keyer design in 1948 and 1951. Bartlett also was a ham radio radioteletype (RTTY) pioneer. His friend Marvin Collins, W6OQI, says he and Bartlett may have enjoyed the longest-running RTTY schedule in the history of Amateur Radio. "Bart and I kept a weekly RTTY sked for over 50 years," said Collins. "There is going to be a large void in my Tuesday evenings from now on." Collins said their RTTY get togethers began in February of 1956 and lasted until April of 2006, when Bartlett's health deteriorated. They continued to stay in contact via telephone, however. In 2000, after Bartlett retired from providing regular on-the-air code practice transmissions and qualifying runs for 52 years for residents of the West Coast, the ARRL Board of Directors conferred the National Certificate of Merit on W6OWP. In its resolution, the Board said Bartlett "exemplifies the very best in Amateur Radio volunteerism." In 2003 he was inducted into the CQ Amateur Radio Hall of Fame for his role in promoting Morse code proficiency. Bartlett related a good deal of his RTTY background in an undated "letter of recollections" he wrote to George Hutchison, W7TTY <http://www.rtty.com/history/w6owp.htm>. As Bartlett tells it, his familiarity with radiotelegraphy led to his employment at KNX Radio in Los Angeles, where he intercepted shortwave dispatches for the station's news department. Turned down for World War II service in the US Navy, Bartlett went to work for Press Wireless, which, he points out, pioneered the HF development of frequency shift keying (FSK). By the end of the war, Bartlett said, FSK "had made radioteletype a practical reality in the military and commercial fields." Following World War II, Bartlett worked at Press Wireless's HF transmitter near San Francisco. In 1949, he was awarded a US patent for developing a radio multiplex system. By the early 1950s, Bartlett was experimenting with RTTY on ham radio. In 1953, minutes after the FCC authorized radio amateurs to use FSK, Bartlett and Richie Hoeck, W6RZL, made what may have been the first FSK RTTY contact. Bartlett was active in the Northern California Amateur Radio Teletype Society (NCARTS) as well as in US Air Force MARS CW and RTTY nets in the 1950s and 1960s. A member of ARRL and of the A-1 Operator Club, W6OWP was a superb CW operator, and Collins says Bartlett retained his ability to copy 50 WPM or better and was a mobile CW pioneer. He also belonged to the Quarter Century Wireless Association and the Old Old Timers Club. "Bart was a long-time RTTY and CW operator who will be missed by all who knew and maintained schedules with him on HF RTTY and CW over many years," his close friend Larry Laitinen, W7JYJ, said in a memorial posting on the Greenkeys RTTY reflector. "His life spanned a period of time covering tremendous changes in worldwide printing radiotelegraphy communications." -- thanks to Marvin Collins, W6OQI, for providing information used in this article ==>SOLAR UPDATE Propagation maven Tad "Sunrise, Sunset" Cook, K7RA, Seattle, Washington, reports: Sunspot numbers and solar flux declined this week. Average daily sunspot numbers dropped 10 points to 25.6, and average solar flux was down by nearly 11 points. There were no remarkable geomagnetic disturbances. July 9 saw a weak solar wind from a coronal mass ejection followed by another period two days later, but every day the IMF pointed north, protecting Earth's geomagnetic field. The latest forecast calls for solar flux around 70 over the next week, lower than it has been lately. Sunspot numbers should also be low. Predicted planetary A index for July 14 is 8, and then 5 for the next week. For more information concerning propagation and an explanation of the numbers used in this bulletin see the ARRL Technical Information Service Propagation page <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html>. Sunspot numbers for July 6 through 12 were 34, 35, 34, 33, 18, 13 and 12, with a mean of 25.6. 10.7 cm flux was 85, 79.9, 77.4, 74.6, 72.8, 71.2, and 70.6, with a mean of 75.9. Estimated planetary A indices were 11, 6, 3, 5, 11, 7 and 12, with a mean of 7.9. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 7, 5, 2, 5, 12, 5 and 9, with a mean of 6.4. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The North American QSO Party (RTTY), the CQ Worldwide VHF Contest, RSGB Low Power Field Day, and the Run for the Bacon QRP Contest are the weekend of July 15-16. JUST AHEAD: The NAQCC Straight Key/Bug Sprint and the RSGB 80-Meter Club Championship, (Data) are July 20. The Thursday NCCC Sprint Ladder is July 21. The Great Lakes Sweepstakes has been cancelled. The VK/Trans-Tasman 160-Meter Contest (CW) is July 22. The RSGB Islands on the Air (IOTA) Contest and the ARS Flight of the Bumblebees contest are the weekend of July 29-30. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration remains open through Sunday, July 23, for these ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (CCE) online courses: Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level 1 (EC-001), Radio Frequency Interference (EC-006), Antenna Design and Construction (EC-009), Analog Electronics (EC-012) and Digital Electronics (EC-013). Classes begin Friday, August 11. The same courses will again open for registration Monday, July 24, for classes beginning September 1. To learn more, visit the CCE Course Listing page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/courses.html> or contact the CCE Department <firstname.lastname@example.org>. * FCC has openings for telecommunications specialists at monitoring center: The FCC has two, full-time openings in its Spectrum Enforcement Division for telecommunications specialists at its High Frequency Direction Finding Center in Columbia, Maryland. The deadline to apply is August 2, 2006. Interested applicants may review the duties, qualifications and requirements for these positions via the FCCJobs Web-based recruitment system, which electronically qualifies, rates, and ranks applicants <http://www.fcc.gov/jobs/fccjobs.html>. Key requirements include US citizenship and a security clearance as well as drug testing and a background investigation. Shift work is involved. Duties include using radio signal analysis equipment deployed throughout the US to collect, correlate, and analyze the characteristics of radio signals involved in interference problems, distress or safety-related signals or other radio signals involved in other high-priority activities such as law enforcement or national defense. Applicants must have knowledge of communication technology, modulation techniques and transmission practices, including knowledge of radio receiver operation and transmission systems. Specialized experience includes the ability to analyze routine complaints and inquiries, knowledge of investigative techniques and knowledge of HF propagation. The FCC is an equal opportunity employer. * Major changes to UK amateur rules announced: The Radio Society of Great Britain (RSGB) reports radio amateurs there soon will no longer have to keep a log unless telecoms regulator Ofcom specifically requests it. Other significant rules changes Ofcom has announced include a substantial relaxation of regulations regarding unattended operation and remote control. Amateurs will be able to use 10 mW on any amateur band for remote operation within a 100-meter range. "Interestingly," RSGB commented, "Ofcom appears to have formally recognized Amateur Radio as a leisure activity as well as a self-training hobby." In 2005, Ofcom unveiled a laundry list of changes to the Amateur Radio rules, including the introduction of a lifetime license that could be renewed free of charge via the Internet. The lifetime license and the new changes to the licence Ofcom has just announced go into effect in October 2006. RSGB encouraged UK amateurs to read and file comments on Ofcom's documentation <http://www.ofcom.org.uk/consult/condocs/aradio/lifetimelicence> on the new license format. * Free IOTA Contest logger available: A free logging program for the Islands on the Air (IOTA) contest July 29-30 is available from Paul O'Kane, EI5DI. His program, SDI is the only contest logger dedicated to the IOTA event and comes recommended in the IOTA Contest rules <http://www.contesting.co.uk/hfcc/rules/riota.shtml>, for single-operator entrants. The Windows-based SDI is optimized for IOTA. Among other features, it shows the multiplier status of all relevant island groups by country and call area as the operator enters call sign prefixes. It also will autofill the IOTA reference when the call sign appears to correspond to that island group. The program can reference a call sign database of known island operations, extracting the island reference and filling it in automatically. It includes provisions for CW keying. Download SDI from EI5DI's Web site <http://www.ei5di.com/sd/sdisetup.exe>. * DXCC Desk approves operation for DXCC credit: The ARRL DXCC Desk has approved this operation for DXCC credit: YU6AO, Montenegro, operation beginning July 4, 2006. For more information, visit the DXCC Web page <http://www.arrl.org/awards/dxcc>. "DXCC Frequently Asked Questions" can answer most questions about the DXCC program. * Ted Tate, K6YN, SK: Wireless and ham radio veteran Theodore H "Ted" Tate, K6YN, of W Covina, California, died March 1. He was 100. An ARRL member, Tate remained an active CW operator, keeping regular on-air schedules, until his health declined last summer. Tate's radio history goes back to the early 1920s, when he served as a Navy radio operator in the China Sea using a spark-gap transmitter. In the years leading up to World War II, Tate worked for the FCC at a monitoring post in the Pacific. After the war, he became involved in a commercial enterprise that used CW to relay messages between customers' locations. He also once was an operator at a commercial maritime station in Ohio, communicating with ships on the Great Lakes. He belonged to the ARRL, the A-1 Operator Club, F.I.S.T.S. and the USS Wisconsin Radio Club. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Joel Harrison, W5ZN, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> offers access to news, informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled from The ARRL Letter. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, firstname.lastname@example.org ==>ARRL News on the Web: <http://www.arrl.org/> ==>ARRL Audio News: <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your address for e-mail delivery: ARRL members first must register on the Members Only Web Site <http://www.arrl.org/members/>. 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OS X Mail (Mac)
Use the "View/Message/Plain Text Alternative" menu item.
Use the "Message text garbled?" link in the drop-down menu at the upper right of the displayed message block. pine, alpine Set "prefer-plain-text" in your ~/.pinerc configuration file: feature-list=..., prefer-plain-text, ...