*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 26, No. 31 August 3, 2007 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * + ARRL Files Federal Court of Appeals Reply Brief over BPL * + ARRL Passport to be Featured at 2007 ARRL National Convention * + ARRL Files Objection to Ambient's BPL Experimental Authorization Renewal Request * + ARRL Welcomes New Emergency Preparedness and Response Manager * + ARRL in Action - July 2007: What Have We Been Up to Lately? * + FCC Enforcement Bureau Actions * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This Weekend on the Radio ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Course Registration + 2007 ARRL Teachers Institute Is in Full Swing!! + New Jersey Radio Club Makes Scholarship Donation to ARRL Foundation September Is National Preparedness Month Morse Code Study in Pennsylvania ARRL DXCC Desk Approves J5UAR Operation FAR Scholarship Winners Announced Let Us Know +Available on ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> =========================================================== ==>Delivery problems: First see FAQ <http://www.arrl.org/members-only/faq.html#nodelivery>, then e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org> ==>Editorial questions or comments only: S. Khrystyne Keane, <email@example.com> =========================================================== ==> ARRL Files Federal Court of Appeals Reply Brief over BPL On July 31, the ARRL filed its reply brief at the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. This brief follows the FCC's brief that attempted to rebut the ARRL's challenge to the FCC's Broadband over Power Line (BPL) rules enacted in late 2004 and affirmed by the agency in 2006. According to ARRL General Counsel Chris Imlay, W3KD, "The FCC's brief does not accurately describe ARRL's arguments concerning harmful interference." The ARRL, in its reply brief, accuses the FCC of, "engaging in misdirection -- rebutting hyperbolic arguments ARRL never made, refusing to address the precedents ARRL cited and attempting to rewrite the Orders as if they made factual rather than legal determinations." The League's reply brief, according to Imlay, "focuses largely on the FCC's unprecedented failure to protect mobile stations from interference if the BPL operator reduces its radiated emissions by 20 dB below the Part 15 maxima, even if harmful interference persists thereafter. The reply brief also addresses the inapplicability of the 40 dB per decade of distance extrapolation factor applied to BPL system measurements in the high frequency bands." The ARRL's reply brief looked at four main points: * The FCC's failure to reconcile the Orders with the FCC's decades-old interpretation of Section 301. * The FCC's failure to justify its nondisclosures of portions of the studies on which the Orders were expressly based. * The FCC's failure to justify its refusal to consider contrary evidence, as well as a proposed alternative to its extrapolation factor for measuring interference. * The FCC's failure to justify its summary dismissal of an alternative that could have accommodated BPL without causing the same harmful interference. The ARRL's brief states that this case "is about an unlicensed operator's legal duty to cease harmful interference once it arises, not the standard for authorizing unlicensed transmissions." For decades, the FCC has interpreted Section 301 to mandate two restrictions on unlicensed operators: The proposed operations will not have a significant potential for causing harmful interference, and; if harmful interference does occur, the unlicensed operations are to cease immediately. For the first time ever, the FCC excluded mobile operators from the second part of the mandate. The FCC suggests in its brief that BPL emissions (that are reduced by the 10 or 20 dB that are the minimum notching requirements in the rules) will "never cause harmful interference to licensed mobile users, but there is no evidence to support this," the ARRL's brief states. The ARRL contends the FCC's brief "ignore[s] the express acknowledgement in the Reconsideration Order that 'harmful interference...may occur' even when BPL systems meet the FCC's technical standards and that when it occurs 'we will not provide further protection to mobile operations.'" The FCC goes on to say, according to the ARRL's brief, that licensed mobile users "do not need the protection of the cease-operations rule because mobile users suffering from interference can move elsewhere." The ARRL contends that the FCC "has never before put the burden on the license-holder to move away from an unlicensed interferor, to the contrary, its rules require the interferor to cease interfering immediately. A BPL system deploys radiation-emitting devices ubiquitously throughout a service area, making it difficult to avoid harmful interference and impossible to conclude that harmful interference will 'never' occur." The ARRL's brief states that "the FCC cites nothing to defend the Reconsideration Order's ruling that Section 301 is inapplicable to 'unintentional radiators.'" The ARRL's brief points out that the FCC's brief "fails to defend the Reconsideration Order's holding that unintentional radiators like BPL devices 'as such' are outside the scope of Section 301's license requirement. The brief actually admits the contrary -- that unintentional radiators are within Section 301." The FCC's brief mentions "but fails to acknowledge Section 302, which extended the FCC's authority to cover the manufacture and sale of interfering devices, is irrelevant to the scope of Section 301." In its brief, the FCC failed to justify its "nondisclosure of significant portions of the technical studies on which the Orders rely." Instead, the ARRL said the FCC "attacks a straw man, suggesting that ARRL is after 'every internal document in its entirety that the agency's staff prepares in relating to a rule making proceeding." The ARRL's brief states that the League only sought the full texts of the studies that the FCC "identified and cited as the basis for its conclusions. An agency may not cherry-pick the pages of the studies on which it relies, disclosing the ones that support its conclusions and redacting the others." The FCC's brief requests that the Court defer to its "technical judgment in adopting an extrapolation factor to measure interference." The ARRL contends that the FCC "is not entitled to deference where it refuses to consider substantial evidence submitted to it -- in this instance, at the agency's invitation -- and fails to consider a responsible alternative proposal." The ARRL points out three studies conducted by OFCOM, the UK-equivalent to the FCC. Each study reached a conclusion opposite that of the FCC and "plainly were significant to warrant consideration," the League's brief said. "ARRL's proposed sliding-scale extrapolation factor was an alternative entitled to consideration and a reasoned explanation for its rejection." The ARRL makes the argument in its brief that it proposed a "win-win" solution: Authorize BPL, but "confine it to a generous frequency band that does not present these interference problems." It makes note of the fact that the largest BPL operator has designed its systems this way, and suggests that other operators could follow suit. Yet the FCC in its brief brushed off these suggestions with a terse, two word sentence: "The other proposed 'solution' -- complete avoidance of all HF frequencies -- would needlessly restrict BPL design and reduce system capacity, without regard to whether there are amateurs that need protection from a particular BPL installation. This would result in a grossly inefficient utilization of Access BPL capacity, reducing the potential benefits of BPL and increasing its costs to the public, without a corresponding benefit or need." ARRL, therefore, asked the Court in its brief "to enforce the FCC's 'duty to consider responsible alternatives to its chosen policy and to give a reasoned explanation for its rejection of such alternatives.'" Pointing out the "multiple legal errors in the Orders," the ARRL stated in the brief that the FCC "require[d] a remand. When the Court remands the Orders, it should direct the FCC to give this alternative the careful consideration required by law." The ARRL's reply brief can be read in its entirety on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/HTML/plc/Court_Appeal_ReplyBrief2007july31 .pdf>. ==> ARRL Passport to be Featured at 2007 ARRL National Convention One of the exciting activities at this month's ARRL National Convention is the ARRL Passport, the ultimate hamfest scavenger hunt. Pick up your Passport at the ARRL EXPO area and collect different ARRL Passport codes at participating exhibits and activities at the Huntsville Hamfest. "There are only 2500 ARRL Passports available, so pick them up early while you can," said ARRL Sales and Marketing Manager Bob Inderbitzen, NQ1R. "Turn in your completed entry form at ARRL EXPO by Sunday at 12 noon and you could be a winner." Prizes include two terrific all-mode mobile transceivers: the Icom IC-7000 and the Yaesu FT-857D. Charlie Emerson, N4OKL, Vice-President of the Huntsville Hamfest Association, said that convention attendance will likely reach unprecedented levels. "The hamfest is getting into the 'unreal' category. We have reports of people coming in from everywhere." Both official hotels, the Embassy Suites (connected to the all air-conditioned Von Braun Center, site of the Convention and Hamfest) and the Holiday Inn (across the street) have sold out. There is availability at the nearby Marriott Hotel, just a short distance away by car. More lodging options are available at the Huntsville/Madison County Convention and Visitors Bureau Web site <http://www.huntsville.org/>. The 2007 ARRL National Convention is August 18-19 in Huntsville, Alabama and is held in conjunction with the Huntsville Hamfest. For more information on the ARRL EXPO, National Convention and the Huntsville Hamfest, check out the National Convention Web site <http://www.arrl.org/expo>. ==> ARRL Files Objection to Ambient's BPL Experimental Authorization Renewal Request On July 25, the ARRL filed an Informal Objection to Ambient Corporation's request for a renewal of their nationwide experimental authorization that allows them to operate broadband over power line (BPL) operations anywhere in the country they choose. Ambient has been operating its BPL equipment under experimental authorizations for more than five years, an unusual amount of time for an experimental authorization. An Informal Objection is the procedure dictated by the FCC's Part 5 rules protesting the renewal of an experimental authorization. Currently, Ambient operates a BPL system in Briarcliff Manor in Westchester County, New York. Other installations have apparently been shut down by Ambient. Ambient has been using experimental authorization WD2XEQ, issued in 2005, and its predecessor WB9XQT, issued on June 24, 2002. WB9XQT covered the BPL operation in Briarcliff Manor. It was replaced by WD2XEQ on July 28, 2003, a two-year authorization that was twice extended, most recently through August 1, 2007. The ARRL states in its Objection that "since the issuance of the first experimental authorization, rules have been enacted for the regular Part 15 operation of BPL systems and there is nothing that has been filed by Ambient which could justify the continuation of experimental operation of this system rather than operation pursuant to the Commission's rules governing virtually all other BPL systems." The ARRL filed complaints against Ambient and its BPL operation in Briarcliff Manor on October 12, 2004; December 17, 2004; January 7, 2005; March 17, 2005; January 6, 2006; March 29, 2006 and May 31, 2007. The Objection said that each complaint reported "ongoing, harmful interference caused by the unlawful operation of Ambient's BPL project at Briarcliff Manor in violation of the terms of the experimental authorization." These complaints, supported both by documentation by amateurs as well as tests made by ARRL staff, concluded that "this facility was, and now still is, causing harmful interference to Amateur Radio stations. As such, it is in violation of the terms of the experimental authorization." The terms of Ambient's experimental authorization require that if "any interference" results from its operation, the holder of the authorization will be subject to immediate shutdown. The ARRL stipulates that harmful interference has repeatedly occurred, and such interference has even been witnessed and verified by a member of the FCC's Enforcement Bureau staff, yet the FCC has failed to take any action against Ambient in response to any of these complaints. The ARRL continued: "[i]t would be unconscionable for the Commission to further renew this experimental authorization in the face of these unresolved complaints of interference." The ARRL does praise the FCC in the Objection, however, for "finally, after years of inaction, commencing an enforcement proceeding" against Ambient's operation in New York (Enforcement Bureau file number EB-06-SE-083). This proceeding is still under investigation, "making renewal of this experimental authorization completely inappropriate." The Objection further states that the FCC's rules provide that "an experimental authorization will not be granted for a period longer than that which is required for completion of the experimental project." There is nothing offered in Ambient's pending renewal application that would justify the extension of the experimental authorization beyond the five years that it has been authorized to operate. Ambient's extension application offers "no justification whatsoever" for a sixth or seventh year of experimental BPL operation. By mandating that Ambient operate in accordance with the with the "long-ago-enacted BPL rules rather than allowing it to hide behind an experimental authorization," Ambient would at least be subject to the FCC's regulatory plan for BPL, "however inadequate that plan is in terms of interference avoidance," the ARRL said in its Objection. If forced to comply with the Part 15 rules, as other BPL systems must do, "perhaps at least some of the abundance of unresolved and unaddressed interference problems caused by Ambient would be reduced." ARRL's Objection included a copy of a July 13, 2007 letter from the Chairman of the Public Safety and Security Committee of the Westchester County Board of Legislators, William E. Burton. In the letter, Burton identifies a number of ongoing concerns related to the interference potential of the Briarcliff Manor BPL system. He goes on to say he is concerned...to have recently learned that Ambient may be planning to request a renewal of its experimental program without making vitally important improvements in its technology...[and] there is no assurance that Ambient may not 'turn up the power' and again exceed emissions levels causing interference again after a license renewal." Burton noted that at a committee meeting held March 5, 2007, "the representative from [Ambient BPL system sponsor] Consolidated Edison agreed to work with the ARRL to resolve the communications interference problems. That cooperation has yet to take place." Burton's letter continued: "I am thus requesting that the FCC not renew the experimental Briarcliff Manor BPL license until my concerns about harmful interference are adequately addressed....The Commission should require that Consolidated Edison and Ambient cooperate with the ARRL and its BPL technical experts forthwith....By not renewing the Ambient experimental license until all these concerns are addressed, the FCC can make it clear that complaints concerning harmful interference are taken seriously." The ARRL summed up the Objection by "respectfully requesting that the Commission deny or dismiss" Ambient's pending application for renewal or extension of its experimental authorization for Briarcliff Manor "and in other locations in the United States where it may be operating BPL systems." The ARRL's Informal Objection can be read in its entirety on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/HTML/plc/Ambient_Informal_Objection2007jul y25.pdf> ==> Dennis Dura, K2DCD, Joins ARRL Staff as Emergency Preparedness and Response Manager The ARRL is pleased to welcome Emergency Preparedness and Response Manager Dennis Dura, K2DCD, to the Headquarters staff in Newington. Dura's major responsibilities include addressing the development and implementation of an organizational disaster response plan as well as a continuity operations plan, complete with supporting procedures and training. Integral to these plans are the recommendations of the National Emergency Response Planning Committee (NERPC) report. Dura also will play an integral part in the management of ARES, and in future negotiations with served agencies with whom ARRL shares or creates Memoranda of Understanding. "By instituting these base components for the organization, the emergency communications resources of Amateur Radio and the League will become truly disaster resilient on all fronts," Dura said. "Emergency communications cannot stand alone. As an organization, we must have disaster plans in place and know what we must do to continue operations when they are impacted. Without this, our support to the field will be lacking." Dura comes to the ARRL with more than 26 years of experience in the emergency management field. He started as a volunteer coordinator in his home township's emergency management program and turned this experience and training into a consulting career, working on off-site emergency plans for nuclear power plants and the jurisdictions where they are sited around the country. At the same time, he joined the American Red Cross as a volunteer Disaster Consultant in New Jersey, leading to paid positions as Manager of Disaster Services in St Louis, Director of Disaster Preparedness in Chicago and a Disaster Preparedness Specialist in New Jersey. After some years working in the non-governmental organization side of the field, he joined the New Jersey State Police, Office of Emergency Management (NJOEM). Dura progressed through the ranks in NJOEM and served in numerous positions such as Operations Officer and Hurricane Preparedness Officer. As a Principal Planner, he was part of the group to develop the first Terrorism Plan for New Jersey prior to 9/11, specializing in human services issues, especially Mass Care. As part of New Jersey's response to the 9/11 attack, he served on a specialized inter-governmental team to establish the Family Assistance Center at Liberty State Park. He left NJOEM in 2003 to become the Deputy State Emergency Coordinator for the New Jersey Department of Human Services (NJDHS), the position he held prior joining the League. Dura's focus in NJDHS was spread across several areas such as Community Emergency Response Team (CERT), Mass Care and Business/Continuity of Operations. During his time at the NJOEM, Dura was the Assistant State RACES Officer. He was also the liaison to the National Weather Service (NWS) for NJOEM and became involved in the SKYWARN program. Through a successful grant submission, he was able to secure two National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) All-Hazards Radio transmitters for unserved areas of New Jersey. His work on this project resulted in the Mark Trail Award in 2002. The Chairman of the Mt Holly NWS Forecast Office SKYWARN Advisory Committee for many years, Dennis has also been a member of his county ARES program. Dura said he is excited to be working at ARRL Headquarters. "It is a tremendous opportunity to take my many years of emergency management experience and apply all of it to the ARRL. It wasn't a hard move [to the ARRL] at all -- take the disaster experiences and meld them with a tremendous hobby...that ends up serving the nation and the world." Dura holds a BS in criminal justice from The College of New Jersey and is currently completing graduate level work in homeland security and emergency management. He is a Certified Business Resilience Manager and is a member of numerous professional emergency management organizations. Dura can be reached via e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org>. ==> ARRL in Action - July 2007: What Have We Been Up to Lately? The ARRL Board of Directors held its second 2007 meeting in Windsor, Connecticut. It was the final meeting for ARRL Southeastern Division Director Frank Butler, W4RH, who is retiring from the Board after 50 years of volunteer service to the ARRL. Just before the Board meeting, President Joel Harrison, W5ZN; CEO David Sumner, K1ZZ, and Chief Development Officer Mary Hobart, K1MMH, led the dedication of the Diamond Terrace at ARRL Headquarters. CEO David Sumner responded by fax to congressional testimony by FCC Commissioner Jonathan Adelstein that included support for the expansion of broadband over power lines (BPL). Dennis Dura, K2DCD, joined the ARRL Headquarters staff as Emergency Preparedness and Response Manager. Senior Assistant Technical Editor Larry Wolfgang, WR1B, has been named Editor of QEX. The September issue of QST, our first Emergency Communications special issue, was released to the printer. Preparations for the ARRL 2007 National Convention, to be held in conjunction with the Huntsville Hamfest, are in full swing. Web Development staff worked with several departments to update and improve the online membership application. The ARRL has two Public Relations campaigns for 2007. One concerns ARES and Public Relations, and the other Emergency Communications. Media and Public Relations Manager Allen Pitts, W1AGP, reports a significant increase in the number and quality of Field Day media coverage. ARES members assisted in two emergencies: the Zaca Fire in Los Padres National Forest northwest of Los Angeles, and flooding in Oklahoma. Regulatory Information Manager Dan Henderson, N1ND, discussed several issues involved with the PAVE PAWS radar situation with US Department of Defense officials in a teleconference call. Chief Operating Officer Harold Kramer, WJ1B, made contact at W1AW with special event station VE2XPO in Montreal, Quebec, in commemoration of a similar contact made 40 years earlier from the Amateur Radio station at Expo 67, the Montreal World's Fair. Roland Masse, VE2PX, was at the mic in Montreal, as he had been for the original 1967 contact with W1AW. Field and Regulatory Correspondent Chuck Skolaut, K0BOG, attended the Arizona State Convention in Williams. ARRL VEC Manager Maria Somma, AB1FM; ARRL Assistant VEC Manager Perry Green, WY1O, and Regulatory Information Manager Dan Henderson, N1ND, attended the annual conference of Volunteer Examiner Coordinators in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. ARRL Lab Manager Ed Hare, W1RFI, took part in a meeting of the IEEE EMC Society Symposium in Honolulu. ==> FCC Enforcement Actions On July 25, the FCC's Enforcement Bureau released new Amateur Radio enforcement actions. John C. Kimbrough, WR3S, of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, received notification from the FCC's Atlanta District Director that his automatic control privileges had been removed. This followed up on a letter sent by Riley Hollingsworth that listed various and numerous complaints about Kimbrough concerning "apparent violations of the Commission's rules, including inadequate station control, interference and failure to properly identify." The Letter went on to say that Kimbrough may not resume automatic control until notified by the Atlanta office. "If WR3S is operated under automatic control prior to notification from this office, enforcement action will be taken against your Amateur operator and station licenses for WR3S. This action may include designation of those licenses for a revocation and suspension hearing, and a monetary forfeiture." Robert J. Langston, W2ENY, of Cornwall on Hudson, New York, received a request for information concerning "allege[d] transmission of recordings, including recordings of the radio transmissions of other operators, and false identification of transmissions," and called into account "serious questions regarding your ability to retain an Amateur license." The FCC gave Langston 20 days to respond to the allegations and include a signed and dated affidavit or declaration under penalty of perjury, verifying the truth and accuracy of the information submitted in your response." Robert A. DiMezza, W2GGI, of Delray Beach, Florida, received a request for information concerning complaints that allege "among other things, poor signal quality and refusal to make corrections," and was given 20 days to respond to these complaints. Frank Richards, of Mooers, New York, received a Memorandum Opinion and Order from the FCC regarding his apparent attempted 1995 hijack of an Amateur Radio license from Frank C. Richards, KB4VU, of Ft Meyers, Florida. The New York Richards was initially successful, and the FCC granted him KG2IC, but after the Florida Richards contacted the FCC to say he'd never moved nor modified his license, the FCC directed the New York Richards to explain. In June 2004, the New York Richards turned in his license. While the FCC did not pursue further enforcement action the, it did tell the New York Richards that the circumstances of the apparent abuse of the license system could become a factor if he ever applied for an Amateur Radio ticket in the future. The New York Richards applied for a Technician license June 28, 2006 and accompanied his application with a letter. The FCC Enforcement Bureau said it was unable to determine whether the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau should grant the application, however, so it now has been designated for a hearing. The FCC's Enforcement Bureau's Motion to Dismiss Application with Prejudice and Terminate Hearing, filed June 25, had a deadline of July 10 for any opposition to be filed. As of July 18, no written appearance had been filed by, or on behalf of, Richards, and no one attended or entered an appearance on Richards' behalf at a prehearing conference July 10. As such, Richards' Amateur Radio license application was dismissed with prejudice. Frederick C. Severa, AH8I, of Folsom, California, received a warning notice claiming "that Commission monitoring information indicates that on February 12, 2007 at 0221 UTC, you operated in the SSB mode on 7.055 MHz from a location near Reading [sic], CA. That mode is not authorized to you on that frequency under Commission rules." The FCC sent Severa a letter notifying him of this; it was returned as undeliverable. Saying that "Such operation may reflect adversely on your qualifications to retain an Amateur Radio license," The FCC gave him 30 days to respond and to verify his current address. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Tad "Ain't No Sun(spots) When He's Gone" Cook, K7RA, this week reports: Average daily sunspot numbers rose very little this week, less than 6 points to 7.3. There were no major geomagnetic upsets, only slightly unsettled conditions on the first day of August. We saw eight straight days of no sunspots, then a spot or two over four days, then no spots on the first two days of August. A week from now, August 10, we may see the beginning of several days with a few sunspots every day. Expect unsettled geomagnetic conditions centered on August 7 and again on August 10. Geophysical Institute Prague predicts quiet conditions August 3-5, quiet to unsettled August 6, unsettled to active August 7, and back to quiet August 8-9. Sunspot numbers for July 26 through August 1 were 0, 0, 13, 14, 13, 11 and 0 with a mean of 7.3. The 10.7 cm flux was 68.4, 68.7, 69.9, 69, 68.9, 68 and 68.8, with a mean of 68.8. Estimated planetary A indices were 9, 8, 4, 14, 10, 6 and 17 with a mean of 9.7. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 6, 6, 3, 11, 10, 4 and 15, with a mean of 7.9. For more information concerning radio propagation, visit the ARRL Technical Information Service Propagation page <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html>. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: This weekend, check out the ARRL UHF Contest, 1800 UTC Saturday, August 4-1800 UTC Sunday, August 5. The TARA Grid Dip Shindig and the European HF Championship are August 4, while the 10-10 International Summer Contest (SSB), the National Lighthouse Weekend QSO Contest and the North American QSO Party (CW) are August 4-5. The RSGB RoPoCo 2 and the SARL HF Phone Contest are August 5. The ARS Spartan Sprint is scheduled for August 7. Next weekend, the WAE DX Contest (CW) and the Maryland-DC QSO Party are on the air August 11-12. The NAQCC Straight Key/Bug Sprint takes place August 15. See the ARRL Contest Branch page http://www.arrl.org/contests/, the ARRL Contester's Rate Sheet <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rate-sheet/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration remains open through Sunday August 19, for these on-line courses beginning on Friday September 7: Technician License Course (EC-010); Amateur Radio Emergency Communications, Level 1 (EC-001); Radio Frequency Interference (EC-006); Antenna Design and Construction (EC-009); Analog Electronics (EC-012), and Digital Electronics (EC-013). To learn more, visit the CCE Course Listing page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/courses.html> or contact the Continuing Education Program Coordinator <email@example.com>. * 2007 ARRL Teacher Institute Is in Full Swing: Forty-eight teachers from around the country signed up for the ARRL Teachers Institute. The first Institutes, held in Rocklin, California and Spokane, Washington are already completed, as is the first of two institutes at ARRL Headquarters in Newington. Each class of 12, ranging from pre-school teachers to college professors, gets the opportunity to explore and experience firsthand wireless technology basics, how to teach basic electronics concepts integral to microcontrollers and robots, as well as how to bring space technology into the classroom. The four day course culminates with building and programming a robot. While the emphasis of the course is not Amateur Radio and teachers need not be hams to attend the all-expenses paid sessions, some do go ahead and take the Technician license exam. Six have received their Technician license so far and one has upgraded to General. Education and Technology Program Coordinator and Director of the ARRL Teachers Institute Mark Spencer, WA8SME, said, "About 80 percent of the non-ham teachers have gone on to get their Amateur Radio license. They get really 'jazzed up' about ham radio while they are here." To find out more about the ARRL Teachers Institute, please see the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.orgFandES/tbp/ti.html>. * New Jersey Radio Club Makes Scholarship Donation to ARRL Foundation: ARRL Chief Development Officer Mary Hobart, K1MMH, attended the Sussex Hamfest in July where the Morris Radio Club (New Jersey) donated more than $31,000 to the ARRL Foundation. This money is earmarked for an annual Morris Radio Club Scholarship to go to a deserving area high school senior who is an Amateur Radio operator. Ron Levy, K2CO, former W2 QSL Manager, long time New Jersey DX Association (NJDXA) officer and MRC trustee, led the club contingent in presenting the check. Also on hand at the ceremony were ARRL Hudson Division Director Frank Fallon, N2FF, and Vice Director Joyce Birmingham, KA2ANF. If you or your club is interested in doing something of a similar nature, contact Mary Hobart, K1MMH <firstname.lastname@example.org>, at the ARRL Development Office <http://www.arrl.org/development>. * September Is National Preparedness Month: September is National Preparedness Month and Amateur Radio operators are joining a wide variety of national, state and local organizations, including the US Department of Homeland Security, in educating the public about preparing for emergencies. When unexpected natural or man-made emergencies occur, our greatest individual defense is preparedness. Getting an emergency supply kit, making an emergency plan, and identifying preparedness and response resources within our communities are several things we can do to prepare ourselves. This nationwide effort is to encourage individuals and families to take simple steps to prepare for emergencies in their homes, businesses and schools. Free preparedness resources are just a click away in English <http://www.ready.gov/> and Spanish <http://www.listo.gov/>. * Morse Code Study in Pennsylvania: A psychology professor at the University of Pittsburgh is conducting a study involving short-term memory and how it correlates to Morse code. Julie Fiez, the study's principal investigator, said she got the idea of using Morse code in her studies from a family member who is an Amateur Radio operator. She said she liked the idea of using CW in her experiments to see how people process audio tones. "Our interest is in verbal working memory," she said, "which is the ability to keep 'on-line' for a short time, information you can access later." Part 1 of the experiment is an assessment of the participant's Morse proficiency. First, participants will be asked to accurately copy sentences as they are presented in Morse at three different rates (16, 19, and 25 words per minute). Then they will be asked to listen to the entire Morse sentence and recall the sentence from memory. Part two asks participants to recall lists of letters from memory. The letters will either be in English or in Morse. Participants will either hear the letters through headphones or see them on a computer screen. The study will look for differences in memory performance between Morse lists and English lists. The research study is expected to continue through the fall. If you would like to participate, please contact the research team via e-mail <email@example.com>. Thanks to Tom Mitchell, WY3H, and the Leader Times, part of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review family of newspapers, for some information * ARRL DXCC Desk Approves J5UAR Operation: ARRL DXCC Manager Bill Moore, NC1L, said that the 2007 J5UAR DXpedition to Guinea-Bissau has been approved for DXCC credit. "If you had cards rejected for this operation, please send an e-mail to the ARRL DXCC Desk <firstname.lastname@example.org> and you will be placed on the list for update," Moore said. * FAR Scholarship Winners Announced: The Foundation for Amateur Radio (FAR) has announced the 2007 winners of 56 scholarships it administers. The scholarships were open to all licensed radio amateurs who met the qualification and residence requirements of the various sponsors. A non-profit organization incorporated in the District of Columbia, FAR represents more than 50 Amateur Radio clubs in Maryland, the District of Columbia, Virginia, West Virginia and Pennsylvania. It is devoted exclusively to the scientific, literary and educational pursuits that advance the purposes of the Amateur Radio Service. For a complete list of recipients, please see the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/news/stories/2007/07/25/100/?nc=1>. For more information, contact FAR Scholarships, PO Box 831, Riverdale, MD 20783, or visit their Web site <http://www.amateurradio-far.org/>. * Let Us Know: What's your favorite part of The ARRL Letter? What kind of stories would you like to see in the Letter? Would you prefer the Letter in an HTML format? This is your Letter and your chance to let your voice be heard. Please send your suggestions to ARRL News Editor S. Khrystyne Keane, K1SFA, at email@example.com, with the subject line "ARRL Letter Suggestions." All messages will be read and discussed, and we look forward to implementing positive suggestions into the ARRL Letter. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League: ARRL--the National Association for Amateur Radio, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Joel Harrison, W5ZN, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential and general news of interest to active radio amateurs. Visit the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest Amateur Radio news and news updates. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> also offers informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled and edited from The ARRL Letter. It's also available as a podcast from our Web site. 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The ARRL Letter
The ARRL Letter offers a weekly summary of essential news of interest to active amateurs that is available in advance of publication in QST, our official journal. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise and readable.
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Editorial questions or comments: S. Khrystyne Keane, K1SFA, K1SFA@arrl.org.