Register Account

Login Help


The K7RA Solar Update


Two new sunspot groups appeared this week, on two consecutive days, each lasting for only a day, with a daily sunspot number of 11 and 13 on Friday and Saturday of last week, just in time for ARRL CW Sweepstakes. Both sunspot groups had a magnetic polarity signature indicating Solar Cycle 25 and appeared after 4 weeks of no sunspots. reported both appearances as region AR2750, yet NOAA reported a new sunspot group on each day, shown as a one in the New Regions column:

Perhaps that is true, and the new appearances on each day were both counted as part of AR2750.

Solar flux was higher over the past reporting week (Thursday through Wednesday, October 31 through November 6) with average daily solar flux rising from 68.5 to 70.4.

Average solar flux as reported in this bulletin hasn’t been as high since ARLP020, back in May, when it was 75.7: Note there were sunspots during that week also.

Geomagnetic indicators were low this week, with average daily planetary A index declining from 16.4 to 4.1, and average mid-latitude A index softening from 13 to 2.7.

Predicted solar flux is 70 on November 8, 68 on November 9-15, 67 on November 16-19, 68 and 70 on November 20-21, 71 on November 22-30, 70 on December 1-6, 69 on December 7-19, and 70 on December 20-22.

Predicted planetary A index is 5 on November 8-9, then 10, 12 and 8 on November 10-12, 5 on November 13-19, then 15, 25, 18, 12 and 10 on November 20-24, 8 on November 25-26, 5 on November 27 through December 16, then 15, 20, and 18, on December 17-19, 12 on December 20-21 and 5 on December 22.

At NOAA reported a solar flux forecast of 96 for December 16-18 in their predictions on their November 1-5 forecasts, but when I asked about this they told me that the US Air Force had transposed digits from 69 to 96. By the November 6 forecast, this was all corrected. Drat! I was hoping for those higher numbers. My contact at NOAA told me he wished the flux would be 96, or even better, 196!

Even during days with no sunspots, there was notable HF propagation recently, with the Pitcairn Island expedition making HF contacts across the Americas, even on 10 meters.

F.K. Janda, OK1HH sent us his geomagnetic activity forecast for the period November 8 until December 3, 2019.

Geomagnetic field will be
quiet on: November 13, 18-19, 29-30, December 1
quiet to unsettled on: November  8-9, 11, 15, 27-28
quiet to active on: November 10, 12, 14, 16-17, 25-26, December 2-3
unsettled to active on: November 20, 24
active to disturbed: November 21-23

Solar wind will intensify on November (8-9,) 13, 21-26, (27-29)

Parenthesis means lower probability of activity enhancement.

Stevie, MI0GTA, commented from Ireland on November 4 about working DX, even with low solar activity. “I thought you might like to know I worked 15 new DXCC countries on 15 meters during the CQWW CW DX Contest, Chile, India, South Africa, Afghanistan were some of the best I worked.

“I use an M0PLK delta loop antenna at 11 meters above ground with 350 W from my old Yaesu FL2100Z amp. The rig is an Icom Pro-III. Even today I worked WQ7X in Phoenix, Arizona.” Check out Stevie’s page for details on his collection of ham radio related maps.

David Moore sent this, on an overlooked piece of the solar dynamo puzzle, a particular form of magnetic instability:

Here is the latest video from Dr. Tamitha Skov, WX6SWW:

If you would like to make a comment or have a tip for our readers, email the author at

For more information concerning radio propagation, see the ARRL Technical Information Service at For an explanation of numbers used in this bulletin, see

An archive of past propagation bulletins is at More good information and tutorials on propagation are at

Monthly propagation charts between four USA regions and twelve overseas locations are at

Instructions for starting or ending email distribution of ARRL bulletins are at

Sunspot numbers for October 31 through November 6, 2019 were 0, 11, 13, 0, 0, 0, and 0, with a mean of 3.4. 10.7 cm flux was 71.2, 70.7, 70.7, 69.4, 70.8, 70.4, and 69.3, with a mean of 70.4. Estimated planetary A indices were 7, 4, 2, 2, 4, 5, and 5, with a mean of 4.1. Middle latitude A index was 5, 2, 1, 1, 4, 2, and 4, with a mean of 2.7.




Instragram     Facebook     Twitter     YouTube     LinkedIn