*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 21, No. 27 July 12, 2002 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +League addresses FCC spectrum policy * +Hams aid Texas flood response * +FCC officially sets higher vanity call sign fee * +WRTC 2002 under way in Finland * W1AW, NU1AW IARU HF operations planned in Texas, Virginia * +Rocket launch carrying ham radio foiled by weather * +New Foundation ticket boosts ham radio in the UK * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio Correction/clarification Certification and Continuing Education course registration Additional ARRL Field Day 2002 pins to be available +South Carolina amateur celebrates July 4 with ISS QSO Amateur 220-222 MHz band under attack in Canada Emergency Communication Course offered at New England Division Convention +Available on ARRL Audio News =========================================================== ==>ARRL COMMENTS ON FCC SPECTRUM POLICY The ARRL has told the FCC that marketplace forces should not determine Amateur Radio spectrum allocations and that interference management is a technical, not an economic, issue. Those opinions and others came this week in response to a call in early June from the FCC Spectrum Policy Task Force for comments on various issues related to FCC spectrum policy. "The value to the public of a vital, growing Amateur Radio Service, while perhaps only indirectly measurable in market terms, cannot translate to a marketplace ability to pay for spectrum, no matter what the mechanism," the League asserted. "The non-pecuniary character of Amateur Radio makes it uniquely unsuitable for market-oriented allocation processes." Such a policy, the ARRL said, would "preclude Amateur Radio communications." The ARRL compared Amateur Radio spectrum to a public park or right-of-way. "Given the wide availability of Amateur Radio to the general public and its value as an educational and public service resource, the concept fits well," the League said. The ARRL said that "economic balancing" among parties is not the proper mechanism to resolve interference issues. From an Amateur Radio perspective, the League said, "any economic model for interference resolution would effectively place it and other non-commercial services at the mercy of any commercial device manufacturer or industry group." Many interference issues are dealt with using technical solutions that accommodate both parties, the ARRL said, while an economic model presumes a preference for one service over another. The ARRL again took advantage of the comment opportunity to reiterate its views on the deployment of unlicensed devices under Part 15 rules. Petitioners seeking authorization for new devices or technology that impacts licensed users should "have the burden of demonstrating the current state of use of the band by its own technical calculations or measurements in certain types of environments," the ARRL said. "As to spectrum congestion, that is perhaps the area about which the Commission has the least information and about which it should have the most." Noting its participation in a noise study that will contribute to a better understanding about ambient noise, the ARRL said the FCC should require proponents of new devices or technology to provide "studies of individual and aggregate interference potential and effect on ambient noise." The League also restated its view that unlicensed devices cannot be authorized unless the FCC determines that the devices "do not have a significant interference potential to licensed services." The ARRL said the FCC "has pushed the Part 15 concept beyond the point that it works; no unlicensed device should be permitted to substitute for licensed fixed or mobile radio services." Petitioners also should provide technical sharing studies every time they propose a new allocation or file a petition for a new unlicensed service, the ARRL said. The League's comments reiterated the goal of the Amateur Radio Spectrum Protection Act <http://www.arrl.org/govrelations/arspa.html> now in Congress as HR 817 and S 549. The measure would provide equivalent replacement spectrum for the Amateur Service just as it typically does for users displaced as a result of spectrum auctions. The full text of the ARRL's comments in this proceeding is available on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/announce/regulatory/et02-135/index.html>. ==>AMATEUR FLOOD RESPONSE, RELIEF SUPPORT CONTINUES IN TEXAS More than 150 Texas amateurs--most of them working through the Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES)--this week have been supporting flood response and relief efforts in flood-ravaged areas of Texas. ARRL South Texas Section Manager Ray Taylor, N5NAV, reports that ARES teams are assisting the American Red Cross, the Baptist Men's Kitchen and The Salvation Army in their efforts to feed, clothe and shelter flood victims and to provide them with household essentials as they begin the massive cleanup. "We're in real trouble down here and it could get worse," Taylor said, noting that flood runoff now headed for the Gulf of Mexico could raise river levels in eastern and east-central Texas. Emergency responders were keeping an eye on the weather forecast for additional rainfall. Although an FCC-declared communications emergency for 7285 and 3873 kHz has been terminated, responding agencies did make use of HF for both health-and-welfare and tactical communications, Taylor said. By week's end, most amateur communication related to the flood emergency had migrated to VHF and UHF, but HF nets remained active as needed. Repeater linking systems have been activated to reduce or eliminate reliance on HF, Taylor said. Earlier in the week, however, Taylor said amateur HF had provided the only reliable communication in and out of some flood-stricken communities. Telephone and cellular telephone service remains erratic in a few spots, he said. Taylor, who lives in New Braunfels--just northeast of San Antonio--said his own house suffered some damage to the pier and beam support structure as a result of nonstop rain between June 30 and July 6. The rainfall, which generated some of the worst flooding in 100 years, caused the cancellation of Independence Day activities in many communities and forced thousands to flee their homes. Some areas of central Texas--which had been suffering drought conditions--got nearly three feet of rain. Taylor said the Baptist Men's Kitchen, the American Red Cross and The Salvation Army continue operations--including shelters--in more than a dozen communities with Amateur Radio support. The Salvation Army this week put out a call for additional Amateur Radio volunteers to assist during the day with communications on its canteen vehicles. ==>HIGHER AMATEUR VANITY CALL SIGN FEE EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 9 The FCC has officially set $14.50 as the cost to apply for, renew or reinstate an Amateur Radio vanity call sign. According to a Report and Order adopted July 3, the new fee will become effective for applications received on or after September 9. The current vanity fee is $12 for the 10-year license term. The FCC had proposed the new, higher fee in a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (MD Docket No. 02-64) released March 27 to set Fiscal Year 2002 fees. In its R&O, the FCC took the opportunity to justify its charging the vanity fee for vanity renewals as well as for initial applications. In comments filed in the proceeding, the FCC said, Steven Karty, N5SK, and William J. Hanrahan, W1WH, supported the payment of a regulatory fee to cover the initial administrative cost but questioned having to pay the fee upon renewal. Hanrahan suggested that the FCC should be able to reasonably adjust the fee it charges initial vanity call sign applicants based upon actual administrative costs and that renewals should not incur any additional overhead. "Further, subsequent to the initial license term, no distinction should be made between vanity calls and systemically assigned calls," Hanrahan commented. The FCC now distinguishes between vanity and sequential call signs in its database as "HV" and "HA" respectively. The FCC said that because it continues to incur costs related to vanity call signs even after their issuance or renewal, it believes the regulatory fee at renewal is appropriate. "Section 9 of the Communications Act, as amended, provides for the recovery of the Commission's costs associated with its enforcement, policy and rulemaking, user information, and international activities," the FCC said in its Report and Order. "Every day, Commission staff are engaged in activities involving amateur vanity call signs, such as protecting the assignment of vanity call signs, investigating complaints on the improper or illegal usage of call signs, requests for call signs that are already assigned to someone else, and all related research that is necessary to insure the proper assignment of call signs." The FCC said it must collect nearly $218.8 million through regulatory fees to recover its costs for FY2002. That's $18.6 million--or approximately 9.3 percent--more than the amount designated for recovery through regulatory fees in FY2001. Of the total, the FCC estimated vanity fee revenue for FY2002 at $130,500. The FCC has estimated that 9000 applicants would apply for vanity call signs in FY2002. A copy of the FCC Report and Order is available on the FCC Web site <http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-02-205A1.doc>. ==>WRTC-2002 IN FINLAND TO FEATURE ON-LINE SCOREBOARD A real-time Internet scoreboard will be among the highlights of World Radiosport Team Championship 2002 in Finland. The event began July 9, and the on-air portion of the international Amateur Radio competition will get under way July 13 as 52 teams from around the globe compete for the gold. The real-time scoreboard <http://wrtc.jouni.net/WRTC/> is a WRTC first. Competitors' claimed scores will be available to both the public and to contest participants during the event. "This is truly groundbreaking!" said QST and NCJ Contributing Editor Ward Silver, N0AX, who's been filing daily reports on the proceedings from Finland via the WRTC 2002 Web site <http://www.wrtc2002.org/daily.htm>. "This will expose many more amateurs to the dynamics of contesting, as well as members of the general public that may take an interest in this strange Radiosport business." WRTC 2002 referees will report each team's score to a central server via mobile telephone. WRTC 2002 is being organized jointly by Contest Club Finland <http://www.qsl.net/ccf/> and the Finnish Amateur Radio League--SRAL <http://www.sral.fi>. Last held in Slovenia in July 2000, the WRTC is a competition among two-person teams drawn from among the world's top Amateur Radio contesters. The idea is to minimize the variables associated with radio contesting, thereby emphasizing each team's operating skills. All stations will be located in the same geographical vicinity, will run 100 W and will employ comparably modest antenna systems--a dipole for the low bands and a triband Yagi for the higher bands. The on-the-air portion of the event takes place in conjunction with the IARU HF World Championship <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rules/2002/rules-iaru.html>. WRTC 2002 and the IARU HF Championship begin on the air at 1200 UTC on July 13 and conclude 24 hours later. WRTC 2002 wraps up July 16. The WRTC 2002 Organizing Committee this week announced the list of special call signs that will be used by the 52 participating teams. All are from the OJ1 through OJ8 prefix block. They are: OJ1C, OJ1F, OJ1M, OJ1N, OJ1S, OJ1W and OJ1X; OJ2F, OJ2H, OJ2J, OJ2Q, OJ2V, OJ2Y and OJ2Z; OJ3A, OJ3D, OJ3N, OJ3R, OJ3T and OJ3X; OJ4A, OJ4M, OJ4N, OJ4S and OJ4W; OJ5A, OJ5E, OJ5M, OJ5T, OJ5U, OJ5W and OJ5Z; OJ6C, OJ6E, OJ6K, OJ6N, OJ6W, OJ6X and OJ6Y; OJ7A, OJ7C, OJ7M, OJ7N, OJ7S, OJ7W and OJ7Xl; and OJ8A, OJ8E, OJ8K, OJ8L, OJ8N and OJ8W. A checklist in the form of an Excel spreadsheet is available from the WRTC 2002 Web site <http://www.wrtc2002.org/wrtc/ojcalls.xls>. WRTC 2002 is offering awards and plaques for those working all of the special OJ-prefix call signs. In addition, those submitting logs within six hours of the end of the contest will qualify for special prizes. Details are on the WRTC 2002 Web site <http://www.wrtc2002.org/rules_all.htm>. The submission deadline for logs is July 31, 2002. All logs should be sent via e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. The subject field of the e-mail should contain the call sign used for the contest. The WRTC 2002 Organizing Committee has requested all stations operating in the IARU event to submit electronic logs to the WRTC 2002 contest committee to aid in log checking. WRTC 2000 winners Dan Street, K1TO, and Jeff Steinman, N5TJ, will be defending their title at WRTC 2002. The K1TO-N5TJ duo also topped the field at WRTC 96. ARRL Chief Executive Officer David Sumner, K1ZZ, and Pekka Lšnsman of Finland will co-chair the judging committee for the event. Sumner was the chief judge for WRTC 2000 in Slovenia. Competitors with close ARRL connections include Dave Patton, NT1N, an HQ staffer, as well as former staff members Rus Healy, K2UA, and Tom Frenaye, K1KI--who's now ARRL New England Division director and a past ARRL Vice President. Among the referees are ARRL Membership Services Manager Wayne Mills, N7NG, and ARRL Sales and Marketing Manager Dennis Motschenbacher, K7BV. ==>W1AW, NU1AW OPERATIONS PLANNED FOR IARU HF WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP Maxim Memorial Station W1AW and International Amateur Radio Union club station NU1AW will be on the air during the IARU HF World Championship July 13-14. Both will count as "HQ" station multipliers for the event. W1AW will operate from Texas, while NU1AW will operate from Virginia for the event. ARRL CEO David Sumner, K1ZZ--who serves as IARU secretary and trustee for both call signs--said the NU1AW operation will mark the first time that call sign has been operated outside the first call district. Six well-equipped Austin-area contest stations will sign W1AW/5 on 160 through 10 meters, CW and SSB. "We expect to have as many as 40 dedicated operators, mostly from the Central Texas DX & Contest Club <http://www.ctdxcc.org/>, involved in this effort," said organizer Richard King K5NA. "We want to produce the best score ever done from the USA by any HQ station effort in the past." Two of Virginia's premier contest stations--Bob Morris' W4MYA and Paul Hellenberg's K4JA--will host IARU Headquarters Station NU1AW for the annual IARU event. NU1AW/4 also will be active on CW and SSB on all six contest bands. Operators are affiliated with the Potomac Valley Radio Club, Central Virginia Contest Club and the Northern Neck Contest Club. Certificates will be awarded to the high-scoring entry in each category in each ARRL section, each ITU zone and each DXCC entity as well as to the high-scoring IARU member society HQ station. IARU HF World Championship Contest rules are available on ARRLWeb <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rules/2002/rules-iaru.html> and in April 2002 QST, p 96. ARRL will handle all QSL requests for W1AW/5 and NU1AW/4. QSL via ARRL or IARU, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111. ==>MOTHER NATURE FORCES POSTPONEMENT OF AMATEUR ROCKET EFFORT High winds in late June forced postponement of an attempt by a group of Amateur Radio operators and amateur rocket enthusiasts to make aerospace history by putting the first amateur rocket into space. The Civilian Space Xploration Team (CSXT) had hoped its suborbital vehicle would carry several Amateur Radio payloads to an altitude of more than 60 nautical miles. "We came soooo close to a launch," said Eric Knight, KB1EHE, of Unionville, Connecticut--one of the hams involved. "The rocket was ready to go. All we had to do is push the ignition button." Knight says Amateur Radio is central to the whole flight. Its Automatic Position Reporting System (APRS), amateur TV and packet telemetry gear will enable the team to document success, defined as 50 nautical miles above Earth. "Our team was ready. The rocket was ready. But Mother Nature had other plans," Knight explained. He said wind gusts of up to 60 miles per hour caused a brutal sandstorm at the Western US desert launch site. The high winds continued throughout the team's three-day launch window, he said. "We're currently evaluating our options for a future launch date," Knight said. "We're dusty--but undaunted--and still very optimistic of a launch in the not-too-distant future." Knight said all of the equipment and sections of the rocket remain on the West Coast as the team works with the FAA to secure a new launch window. Overseeing the CSXT effort has been Project Director Ky Michaelson of Minnesota, a semi-retired stuntman and veteran hobby rocket enthusiast who holds dozens of rocket speed records. Knight credits Michaelson with conceptualizing what he called "our grand project." Michaelson was a guest July 12 of radio talker Art Bell, W6OBB, on Bell's nationally syndicated AM Coast to Coast program. Other amateurs involved include Rod Lane, N1FNE--whose Southington, Connecticut, garage and basement workshop have been largely given over to rocket construction and integration--and Don Skinner, N1HWR, of Tariffville, Connecticut. Assisting in the project for the past three years has been high school senior Julia Cohn, KB1IGU, of West Hartford, Connecticut. Cohn has been involved in constructing and programming some of the sequencing electronics that will go aboard the vehicle. Her electronics instructor and mentor at Hall High School is Chet Bacon, KA1ILH, of Plantsville, Connecticut, and other students in Bacon's electronics classes also have contributed to the project. Funding for the project has come from team members' pockets. Knight estimates the costs to date are approaching $100,000. More information on the rocket project is on Knight's "Spaceshot 2001/Spaceshot 2002" Web site <http://www.remarkable.com/rocket>. ==>UK FOUNDATION TICKET A HIT, RSGB PRESIDENT SAYS Radio Society of Great Britain President Bob Whelan, G3PJT, says the new Foundation class entry-level amateur ticket in the UK has proven to be a grand success, especially among youth. Since the Foundation license went into effect January 1, it's attracted some 700 brand-new amateurs in the UK, 250 of them under the age of 21, Whelan said. The balance of the 2500 Foundation licensees are those who upgraded their VHF-only privileges to gain the limited HF access the Foundation ticket offers. "The interesting thing is that we're getting a very good response from schools, from Scouts, from Guides, from all those young people's organizations," Whelan told ARRL, "and it looks to us like, for the first time, it's going to change around the fortunes of Amateur Radio in the UK." The Foundation license has made the HF bands much more accessible to newcomers as well as to Class B VHF-only "no code" licensees. To comply with the current international Radio Regulations, applicants demonstrate Morse proficiency by completing what's called a "Morse assessment." Class B licensees need only complete the Morse assessment to qualify for the Foundation license. Applicants work with a Morse tutor for the assessment, and there is no Morse speed requirement. The RSGB says the entire Morse assessment takes about 30 minutes. Applicants also must pass a 20-question written examination that covers a wide range of radio and electronics basics. Holders of the Foundation ticket gain access to most amateur bands from 136 kHz through 440 MHz--with the notable exception of 10 meters--using CW, SSB, or digital modes. Foundation licensees may operate with 10 W output using only commercially manufactured equipment or "properly designed" commercial kits. Licensees are issued call signs from the M3AAA-M3ZZZ series. The Foundation ticket also has proven to be a big boost to the RSGB--the national Amateur Radio organization in the UK. "The membership of the RSGB is starting to creep up again," Whelan said. "All indications are that it was a very radical step we've taken, but it was evidently the right thing to do." There are approximately 60,000 amateurs in the UK. Some Morse code purists have been less than enthusiastic regarding the administration of the CW portion of the examination. But Whelan said he was pleasantly surprised to learn that, in the wake of the introduction of a license that tends to de-emphasize Morse code, "there's been a tremendous upsurge in interest as people want to know more about the code." He said Amateur Radio retailers in the UK report their sales are up following the introduction of the Foundation ticket, and one supplier Whelan spoke with was completely out of Morse keys and practice sets. Gibraltar recently announced that it was instituting a Foundation license based on the UK example. Gibraltar Foundation licensees will be issued ZB3 call sign prefixes. More information on the new UK license is available on the RSGB Web site <http://www.rsgb.org>. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Solar seer Tad "Red Rubber Ball" Cook, K7VVV, Seattle, Washington, reports: Conditions are still a bit in the doldrums, with solar flux and sunspot numbers fairly flat. Average daily sunspot numbers this week were up more than 24 points, and average daily solar flux was down nearly 12 points compared to the previous week. The current outlook is for a slowly rising solar flux of 135 for July 12-13, 140 for July 14-15, and 145 for July 16-17. The prediction for the planetary A index for Friday through Monday is 8, 15, 10 and 8. This week Earth reached its aphelion, the farthest distance from the sun in its annual orbit. Earth's orbit has an eccentricity of 1.7 percent, and this week we are nearly 95 million miles from our closest star. When we are at the closest point, or perihelion, we are almost 92 million miles from the sun. Sunspot numbers for June 27 through July 3 were 106, 94, 105, 111, 100, 85 and 147, with a mean of 106.9. The 10.7-cm flux was 138.6, 137.3, 142.7, 146.5, 147.4, 148.5, and 172.5, with a mean of 147.6. Estimated planetary A indices were 7, 7, 9, 16, 15, 9, and 7, with a mean of 10. Sunspot numbers for July 4 through 10 were 175, 149, 123, 121, 125, 129 and 118, with a mean of 134.3. The 10.7-cm flux was 146.3, 138.8, 133.5, 136.9, 130.9, 136.3, and 128.8, with a mean of 135.9. Estimated planetary A indices were 7, 13, 23, 11, 10, 16, and 11, with a mean of 13. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The IARU HF World Championship/WRTC 2002, the FISTS Summer Sprint and the QRP ARCI Summer Homebrew Sprint are the weekend of July 13-14. JUST AHEAD: The Colombian Independence Day Contest, the Pacific 160 Meter Contest, the AGCW QRP Summer Contest, the W/VE Islands Contest, the North American QSO Party (RTTY), the CQ Worldwide VHF Contest, the Georgia QSO Party and the CQC Great Colorado Gold Rush are the weekend of July 20-21. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * Correction/clarification: The story "It's Aliiiiive! AMSAT-OSCAR 7 Satellite Returns from the Dead" in The ARRL Letter, Vol 21, No 26 (Jun 28, 2002), contained a typographical error. It should have read, "Sections 97.207(c)(2) and 97.209(b)(2) of the FCC's rules authorize space station and earth station operation only in the 435-438 MHz segment." The story "FCC Initiates Inquiry into Tennessee ARRL-VEC Exam Session" in the same edition of The ARRL Letter contained incorrect information. Volunteer Examiner Bobby A. Raymer, N2BR, resigned as a VE after the December 14, 1999, test session under investigation; his accreditation was not suspended as a result of the inquiry. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: The registration fee for all on-line courses has increased by $5, effective July 1. Registration for the Level II ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications (EC-002) and Antenna Modeling (EC-004) courses remains open through the July 13-14 weekend. Registration for the Level III Amateur Radio Emergency Communications (EC-003) and HF Digital Communications (EC-005) courses opens Monday, July 15. Registration for the Satellite Communications course (EC-007) opens Monday, July 22. All registrations open at 4 PM Eastern Time. ARRL Emergency Communications courses must be completed in order, starting with Level I. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce> and the C-CE Links found there. For more information, contact Certification and Continuing Education Program Coordinator Dan Miller, K3UFG, email@example.com. * Additional ARRL Field Day 2002 pins to be available: For those who missed out on getting an ARRL Field Day 2002 pin, a limited supply will be available starting July 29. Field Day pins are $5. Visit the ARRL Web site for details on how to order your pin or Field Day 2002 T-shirt <http://www.arrl.org/catalog/?category=&words=Field+Day+pin>. * South Carolina amateur celebrates July 4 with ISS QSO: Al Lark, KD4SFF, in South Carolina, has added another holiday space QSO to his list. Lark, who lives in Greenville, reports that on July 4, he worked Russian cosmonaut Valery Korzun, RZ3FK, operating RS0ISS aboard the International Space Station. "Valery was again active on voice over the USA, wishing all a happy Independence Day!" Lark said. "I was one of the very lucky stations to speak to him!" Lark says he also heard Korzun work several other stations during the 18-degree pass over Greenville. A veteran of the Space Amateur Radio EXperiment (SAREX) and Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) programs, Lark says he contacted Mir on Christmas Day in 1993, followed by a QSO with astronaut Norm Thagard on Easter 1995 and a Memorial Day 2001 contact with Susan Helms, KC7NHZ, aboard the ISS. "Maybe one of these days I can achieve 'Worked all Holidays,'" he said. * Amateur 220-222 MHz band under attack in Canada: Radio Amateurs of Canada says the Land Mobile Radio community has asked the Radio Advisory Board of Canada (RABC) to look into the possibility of making all or part of the 220-222 MHz portion of the 220-225 MHz amateur band available for Land Mobile use in Canada. The RABC will make its recommendations to Industry Canada later this year. The band 220-222 MHz already is a Land Mobile band in the US and is not available to amateurs in most parts of the world. The remainder of the band--the 222-225 MHz portion--is not up for discussion. RAC recently conducted a survey <http://www.rac.ca/220survey.htm> on its Web site to gather information on band usage. * Emergency Communication course offered at New England Division Convention: A brief review version of the Level I ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications course (EC-001) will be offered in classroom format at the ARRL New England Division Convention, August 23-24, at the Boxboro, Massachusetts, Holiday Inn (exit 28 off I-495). Course editor Dave Colter, WA1ZCN, is the instructor. Since this is a one-day review-style class, students must read the course book and complete the activities beforehand. The classroom sessions are on Friday, August 23, from 8 AM to 4 PM (lunch is on your own). The examination will be conducted Saturday, August 24, at 9 AM. Registration is $45 for ARRL members, $75 for non-members, and free for Connecticut ARRL members taking advantage of United Technologies grant funds. The fee includes registration, course book, shipping, handouts, and the exam fee. To register, contact Jerry Ellis, WS1K, firstname.lastname@example.org. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; http://www.arrl.org. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb at http://www.arrl.org for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRLWeb Extra at http://www.arrl.org/members-only/extra offers ARRL members access to informative features and columns. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. 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