*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 21, No. 46 November 22, 2002 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +WRC-03 Conference Preparatory Meeting in full swing * +West Central Florida SM wins re-election by two votes * +Adelstein fills fifth FCC slot * +LA-area repeater problems repeat under new ownership * +Hams slip into action following northeast ice storm * +Former ARRL staff member Bob White, W1CW, SK * +SKYWARN recognition day is December 7 * USTTI class of 2002 completes amateur administration course * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration Congress adjourns; HR 4720 expires without action Daughter of ARRL co-founder dies Transatlantic VHF contact a no-go The ARRL Letter delivery problems +Available on ARRL Audio News =========================================================== NOTE: Because of the Thanksgiving holiday, ARRL Headquarters will be closed Friday, November 29. There will be no editions of The ARRL Letter and ARRL Audio News next week, and W1AW will suspend its normal transmission schedule Friday, November 29. The K7VVV Solar Update will be posted early. ARRL Headquarters will reopen Monday, December 2. The ARRL Letter and ARRL Audio News will resume Friday, December 6. We wish everyone a safe and enjoyable holiday!--Rick Lindquist, N1RL =========================================================== ==>WRC-03 CONFERENCE PREPARATORY MEETING UNDER WAY The Conference Preparatory Meeting (CPM) for next year's World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-03) opened in Geneva, Switzerland November 18. Some 1000 delegates are attending the worldwide gathering. "The objective of the CPM is to approve a 500-page CPM Report to WRC-03 that will provide a technical basis for consideration of administrations' proposals for changes in the international Radio Regulations," explained ARRL Chief Executive Officer David Sumner, K1ZZ. Sumner is attending in his role as International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) secretary. He says 174 "input documents" to the CPM offer comments on the existing draft CPM Report text and propose additions, deletions, and changes. Chairing the CPM is Germany's Eberhard George, DL7IH. At the day-long opening plenary, George and the chairpersons of the various working groups provided an overview of the meeting's structure and the major issues facing WRC-03. "Several of the working group chairs were quite candid in their remarks," Sumner said. "Music to many ears including amateurs' was the assessment by New Zealand's Alan Jamieson regarding so-called little LEOs--mobile satellites operating below 1 GHz." According to Sumner, Jamieson said there was no congestion in their existing bands, and sharing studies had been unfavorable. Sumner predicted that the likely outcome at WRC-03 would be the suppression of an existing Resolution that invites sharing studies on the basis of an "urgent need" that no longer exists. A thornier issue is 7-MHz "harmonization." The IARU backs a 300-kHz worldwide allocation in the vicinity of 7 MHz. "At this stage, we have six methods to address the agenda item," Sumner said--including no change in the status quo. The item is in Working Group 5 (WG5) "We can't say for sure that the six methods will be in the CPM Report until WG5 takes another pass at the revised draft text and it's approved in plenary." That's not supposed to happen until next week. Substantive work of the CPM will be wrapped up November 28--Thanksgiving in the US, but just another work day in Geneva. In addition to Sumner, those representing the IARU at the CPM include President Larry Price, W4RA, and Region 1 Executive Committee member Wojciech Nietyksza, SP5FM. IARU Vice President David Wardlaw, VK3ADW, is on the Australian delegation and ARRL Technical Relations Manager Paul Rinaldo, W4RI, is on the US delegation. Several other amateurs are on their national delegations, either to represent the amateur services or in professional capacities. ==>A SQUEAKER IN WEST CENTRAL FLORIDA AS SECTION MANAGER BALLOTS ARE TALLIED ARRL West Central Florida Section Manager Dave Armbrust, AE4MR, narrowly won re-election as ballots were counted in three contested races. Armbrust--the first and only person to serve as WCF SM--edged out Gerald Dee Turner, N2MNC, by just two votes--490 to 488. An ARRL Life Member, Armbrust was first appointed to the job in November 1999, when the new section was created. He was elected for a two-year term the following year. Just last year in Tennessee, Terry Cox, KB4KA, eked out a victory over David Bower, K4PZT, 540 to 538, for the honor of succeeding outgoing SM O.D. Keaton, WA4GLS, who decided not to run for another term. Results in two other ARRL sections were not nearly as close. In South Carolina, incumbent SM Patricia Hensley, N4ROS, lost out to James Boehner, N2ZZ, of Aiken, in her bid for a new term. Boehner, an ARRL Life Member and a physician, outpolled Hensley 431 to 239. He has said he wants to enhance Amateur Radio growth in his section and "guide the path of Amateur Radio in South Carolina into the 21st century." In Western Pennsylvania, incumbent John Rodgers, N3MSE, won re-election 485 to 410 over David Leiser, K3NPX. Rodgers, a ham since 1992, was appointed SM in 2000, replacing Bill Edgar, N3LLR, who had acceded to Vice Director. He was elected to a full term later that same year. ARRL Field and Educational Services staff members counted and verified all ballots November 19 at ARRL Headquarters. Incumbent ARRL SMs in six other ARRL sections did not face opposition and have been declared elected for new two-year terms. They are Phil Temples, K9HI, Eastern Massachusetts; Dale Bagley, K0KY, Missouri; Bill McCollum, KE0XQ, Nebraska; George Tranos, N2GA, New York City-Long Island; Thomas Dick, KF2GC, Northern New York; and Jean Priestley, KA2YKN, Southern New Jersey. Terms of office for all successful candidates begin January 1, 2003. Kansas also will get a new SM on January 1. Orlan Cook, W0OYH, has announced his retirement from the Kansas Section Manager's position as of end of this year after serving for five years. ARRL Field and Educational Services Manager Rosalie White, K1STO, has appointed Ron Cowan, KB0DTI, of La Cygne to complete the year remaining in the present term of office. Cowan has been an Assistant Section Manager since April, 2002, and has been the Kansas Section Traffic Manager for about two years. ==>JONATHAN ADELSTEIN SWORN IN AS FCC COMMISSIONER FCC nominee Jonathan Adelstein was sworn in this week to fill the Commission's remaining open slot. The nomination of Adelstein, a Democrat and a protégé of South Dakota Sen Tom Daschle, had been held hostage for most of this year because of political wrangling over several judicial nominations. Adelstein will finish out the term of former Commissioner Gloria Tristani, which ends in June. The only other Democrat on the FCC, Michael J. Copps, called it "a happy day" for himself and the FCC. Copps said Adelstein will make "an exceptionally fine new colleague" whose addition will bring the FCC up and running at full complement. Okayed last summer by the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, Adelstein was confirmed by the Senate November 14 in a procedural floor vote. Earlier this year, Adelstein's FCC nomination appeared dead for the year as Senate Republicans and Democrats squabbled over judicial nominations, and some Republicans, placed anonymous holds on Adelstein's nomination. The election and the change in Senate control obviated the issues involved, however. The White House nominated Adelstein last February. ==>NEW OWNER, CALL SIGN, BUT LA-AREA REPEATER PROBLEMS PERSIST The former W6NUT repeater in the Los Angeles area has a new owner and a new call sign, N6SAP. Nonetheless, complaints of the same sort of on-the-air behavior that inspired an FCC inquiry of the previous trustee more than a year ago have occurred under the new regime. The new owner says he's in the process of changing things for the better, however. A November 5 letter from FCC Special Counsel for Enforcement Riley Hollingsworth publicly put the machine's new trustee, Scott A. Press, N6SAP, on the spot because of allegations that some users had interfered with attempts to pass emergency traffic. Two users identified as having caused the interference also received inquiries from Hollingsworth. "We view these allegations as extremely serious," Hollingsworth told Press--the repeater trustee--and those said to have been involved in the October 2 incident. He also cautioned those accused of perpetrating the problem against retaliating in any matter toward the complainants. A League member, Press told ARRL this week that he's been working hard to turn around the repeater's past reputation but change will not happen overnight. "I knew what I was getting into when I bought the system and have made some strong progress with the exception of a few bad apples who have not seen the light yet," he said. "They are being shaken from the tree one by one." Press purchased the former W6NUT repeater, once owned by Kathryn Tucker, AA6TK. According to FCC records, the trusteeship formally transferred September 3. At one point in 2001, the FCC terminated authority to operate the repeater under automatic control. An earlier FCC review into the repeater's operation followed allegations that the licensee or control operator failed to address incessant jamming, broadcasting, the playing of music and other potential violations. An N6SAP repeater user, Anthony Cardenas, WA6IGJ, complained to the FCC that he was jammed October 2 after attempting to use the repeater to report a motorist stranded in the midst of freeway traffic. Cardenas alleged that Ledge Musselman, KC6NCN, and Anton Johnson, N6OAY, blocked his efforts to alert the California Highway Patrol to the potentially hazardous situation via ham radio. Hollingsworth included the allegations in essentially identical letters to Musselman and Johnson, also sent November 5. Information from Press and others who monitored the incident indicated that Press did just that. He shut down the N6SAP repeater for 20 minutes after other operators were unsuccessful in efforts to convince the interfering stations to let Cardenas pass his traffic. Transcripts of the recordings indicate that the interference consisted mostly of disparaging remarks, unmodulated carriers and singing. Cardenas says he was able to contact the police via another repeater. Press has told the FCC that Cardenas' account of the incident was "accurate and true." He told ARRL that he'd been promptly in touch with the complainant and with an ARRL Official Observer who forwarded the complaint to the League. According to the FCC, Press has told Johnson and Musselman to stay off the N6SAP repeater at least until the current dispute is resolved. "We expect that request to be honored," Hollingsworth said, "and if it is not, we will immediately institute license revocation proceedings," he wrote. Press has since also banned Cardenas from the N6SAP repeater. Press said he's been working closely with the FCC to "clear up many things that are just out of my reach." Hollingsworth this week commended Press for "trying very hard to change what was a disgrace to Amateur Radio into a viable Amateur repeater" and said the FCC supports his efforts. ==>AMATEURS AID IN WAKE OF CONNECTICUT ICE STORM Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES) members got to work quickly the morning of Sunday, November 17, as an ice storm knocked out power to almost 130,000 Connecticut homes and businesses, mostly in the northwestern part of the state. The statewide alert--and the resulting ARES activation--lasted 48 hours. Connecticut Gov John Rowland toured the region and visited the ham station set up at the Torrington Emergency Operations Center. Connecticut Section Emergency Coordinator Allen Pitts, W1AGP, said about 30 hams from all over The Nutmeg State headed into the affected area, mostly in northwestern Connecticut. He characterized ARES members' efforts as "wonderful." Pitts said Connecticut ARES had been drilling informally in conjunction with ARES teams in Eastern New York and New Hampshire, and the effort paid off. "The drills covered a very similar situation," he said. "The level of coordination and cooperation was incredible." ARRL staffer Brennan Price, N4QX, was among those taking a turn as net control of the Connecticut Phone Net on 3965 kHz. "The good thing about this particular situation was with such a small part of the state hit, there were a lot of others in the state able to help out," he said. "It all came together quickly and was nicely pulled off." West Hartford-Area EC Harry Abery, AB1ER, said most of the work hams did was in Torrington area shelters. That Litchfield County community was among the hardest hit. Connecticut ARES linked 10 VHF and UHF repeaters in Torrington, Vernon, Naugatuck, Meriden, New Milford and Washington. Separate resource and tactical nets were run on other 2 meter repeaters. Dutchess County, New York, EC Adam Nowik Jr, KC2DAA, said amateurs in Eastern New York activated their own net, and more than a half dozen New Yorkers arrived in the Torrington area within three hours of the activation. "Our net was kept active in the event the Connecticut section had need for additional communications or had a complete communications breakdown," Nowik said. Frank Stone, KB2YUR, served as a liaison between Abery and the hams in Eastern New York for the duration of the incident. After 27 hours, the Connecticut Phone Net's Emergency session on HF was able to stand down the afternoon of November 18, as temperatures rose into the 40s. But 20 minutes later, the net was back up after a trunk line from New York went down and more people lost power, Pitts said. Relief efforts by area radio amateurs continued into the evening of November 18, when the statewide ARES alert was terminated. "We did not shut down statewide until we were sure everyone was off the roads, home safe and checked in," Pitts said. Pitts credited greater professionalism and proficiency over the past several months to the ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications courses <http://www.arrl.org/cce/> offered on-line. "We're seeing a real difference, and the quality of operations is definitely up," he said. Thanks to a $33,000 grant from Hartford-based United Technologies Corporation, up to 250 Connecticut amateurs will be able to take the ARRL Level I Amateur Radio Emergency Communications course (EC-001) free of charge. ==>DXCC LEGEND BOB WHITE, W1CW, SK Former ARRL Headquarters staff member Bob White, W1CW, died November 22 in Florida from complications arising from pneumonia. He was 83. White was an ARRL Life Member and had belonged to the League for 62 years. Known to many as "Mr DXCC," White was the manager of the ARRL's DX Century Club program from 1952 until 1976, establishing the award--and its stringent standards--as Amateur Radio's premier DX achievement. White codified the rules for the DXCC program and oversaw the checking of some 250,000 QSL cards submitted yearly, often working as many as 90 hours a week to ensure that the job got done right. White also oversaw the ARRL QSL Service from 1976 until 1978. "Dad was the guy who made DXCC what it was," said White's son, Jim White, K4OJ, in a posting to the CQ Contest reflector. "He didn't cut any corners--everyone was held to the same high standard--and this is what made holding DXCC meaningful." Introduced to Amateur Radio in his youth by his stepfather, Gordon Brown, W6APG, White was first licensed in 1938. He served as a radio operator in the US Navy during World War II. White was an avid DXer, contester and CW enthusiast whose fist was familiar to thousands of hams. Active in the First-Class CW Operators' Club, White was inducted into the CQ DX Hall of Fame in 1998. He also was a member of the A1 Operator Club. Survivors include his wife Ellen, W1YL, and his son Jim, K4OJ, both former ARRL staff members. Friends may send condolence messages via e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org> or to 6607 Flicker Ct, Seffner, FL 33584. The family invites memorial donations to the W1CW Memorial Fund-Florida Contest Group, c/o Frederick M Perkins Jr, 3437 Lake Josephine Dr, Lake Placid FL 33852 USA. Per White's request, there will be no public service. ==>ANNUAL SKYWARN RECOGNITION DAY IS DECEMBER 7 The fourth annual SKYWARN Recognition Day (SRD) <http://hamradio.noaa.gov/>is December 7 (UTC). That's when Amateur Radio operators set up stations at National Weather Service (NWS) offices and contact other operators around the world. The event is sponsored by the ARRL and the National Weather Service. "The purpose of the event is to recognize the vital public service contribution that Amateur Radio operators make during National Weather Service severe weather warning operations," said David Floyd, N5DBZ, warning coordination meteorologist, at the NWS Goodland, Kansas, office. "It also strengthens the bond between Amateur Radio operators and the local National Weather Service office." For several decades now, hams have assisted the NWS by providing real-time reports of severe weather and storm evolution. The information radio operators locate near a storm can provide plays a key role in aiding forecasters. SKYWARN operators in several states activated to spot and track an outbreak of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes November 10. Scott Mentzer, N0QE--the meteorologist-in-charge of the NWS office in Goodland, Kansas, and the creator and annual organizer of SRD--says more than 90 stations are registered to participate, up from 80 last year. Most participating NWS stations will operate on 80, 40, 20, 15, 10, and 2 meters using SSB and FM. Mentzer says a number of NWS offices will be equipped to support Internet Radio Linking Project (IRLP) stations. All contacts will be made utilizing the General or Novice portion of the bands. Stations will exchange signal report, location and a one-word description of the current weather at their respective locations ("sunny," "partly cloudy," "windy," etc). This is not a contest, so no scoring will be computed. SKYWARN Recognition Day will take place December 7 from 0000 UTC to 2400 UTC. Since SRD is being held on Pearl Harbor Day, each NWS office will transmit a special message from approximately 1800 to 1900 UTC--approximately the time of the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, attack on December 7, 1941--to honor the World War II veterans. The deadline to register an NWS site is December 1. Contact Mentzer to register: email@example.com. Complete information is available on the 2002 SKYWARN Recognition Day Web site <http://hamradio.noaa.gov/>. ==>USTTI CLASS OF 2002 LEARNS ABOUT AMATEUR RADIO Six students from around the world recently attended the United States Telecommunications Training Institute (USTTI)/International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) course on Amateur Radio administration at ARRL Headquarters. The course was held November 4-8. Coordinated by USTTI and presented jointly by IARU and ARRL staffers, the program covers--among other topics--the International Telecommunication Union and ITU regulations, the IARU, spectrum management, emergency communication, digital communication, satellites, electromagnetic interference, international licensing, and Amateur Radio testing and licensing in the US. The trainees also constructed a simple 40-meter receiver in the ARRL Lab. Attending this year's session were Ivannia Marcela Blanco of Costa Rica, Mabel Doku of Ghana, Antonio Edward Eba Padre of the Philippines, Nicolae Ghibu of Romania, Sung-Chul Chae of South Korea, and O'Connor Malambo of Zambia. All of the students are in occupations in their home countries that involve the use of telecommunications. Teaching the majority of the Amateur Radio Administration Course were ARRL Technical Relations Specialists Jon Siverling, WB3ERA, and Walt Ireland, WB7CSL--both of the ARRL's Washington, DC, office. The staff of the ARRL Laboratory was on hand to help with the construction of the receiver. ARRL staff member Lisa Kustosik, KA1UFZ, served as USTTI coordinator this year. For more information on USTTI, visit the USTTI Web site <http://ustti.org/>. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Solar sage Tad "I'll Follow the Sun" Cook, K7VVV, Seattle, Washington, reports: Conditions very quiet, with mid-latitude A index for Friday through Sunday at a placid 8, 3 and 5, and the planetary A index at 11, 8 and 8. Mid-latitude K indices were zero over several periods on Saturday and Sunday. Average daily sunspot numbers were down more than 62 points this week over last, and average solar flux was down nearly 5 points. Sunspot 198, squarely aimed at Earth on November 21, has a potential for solar flares. The planetary K index rose to a very high value of 7, and planetary A index was 50. For the CW weekend of the CQ Worldwide DX Contest <http://www.cq-amateur-radio.com/WW%20Rules%202002%20815.pdf> the predicted planetary A index is 35, 20 and 15. Solar flux is predicted to rise very gradually over the next few weeks to just below 200 before mid-December. Sunspot numbers for November 14 through 20 were 185, 185, 162, 139, 119, 105 and 108, with a mean of 143.3. The-10.7 cm flux was 184.1, 197.5, 199.2, 184.7, 178.9, 168.2 and 159.1, with a mean of 181.7. Estimated planetary A indices were 9, 11, 8, 8, 12, 14 and 17, with a mean of 11.3. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The CQ Worldwide DX Contest (CW) and the ARRL International EME Contest are the weekend of November 23-24 (NOTE: The CQ WW CW event typically takes place the weekend after Thanksgiving, but Thanksgiving is late this year.) JUST AHEAD: The QRP ARCI Holiday Spirits Sprint is December 1; the QRP ARCI Topband Sprint is December 4-5. The ARRL 160-Meter Contest, the PSK31 Death Match, the TARA RTTY Sprint, the TOPS Activity 80-Meter Contest are the weekend of December 7-8. The ARRL 10-Meter Contest and the Great Colorado Snowshoe Run are the weekend of December 14-15. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration for the ARRL Satellite Communications course (EC-007) opens Monday, November 25, 4 PM EST (2100 UTC). Registration remains open through Sunday, December 1. Classes begin Monday, December 2. Registration for the Level III Amateur Radio Emergency Communications (EC-003) and the HF Digital Communications (EC-005) courses remains open through Sunday, November 24. A new service now allows those considering taking an ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (C-CE) course in the future to be advised via e-mail in advance of registration opportunities. Send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org, and include the course name or number (eg, EC-003) on the subject line as well as your name, call sign and month you wish to start the course in the body. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce> and the C-CE Links found there. For more information, contact Certification and Continuing Education Program Coordinator Howard Robins, W1HSR, email@example.com. * Congress adjourns; HR 4720 expires without action: The US House of Representatives officially adjourned for the year November 22 at 2:33 PM. The US Senate wrapped up its business earlier this week, so the 107th Congress is officially in the books. With adjournment go any hopes of passage of HR 4720, the CC&R bill introduced by New York Democrat Steve Israel earlier in the year. ARRL members are requested to wait until a new CC&R bill--with a new bill number--is introduced in the next session of Congress before seeking cosponsorship support from members of Congress. * Daughter of ARRL co-founder dies: Percy Maxim Lee, the daughter of ARRL co-founder Hiram Percy Maxim, W1AW, died November 9. She was 96. "She was a remarkable woman, one more in a line of remarkable people," said ARRL Pacific Division Director Jim Maxwell, W6CF. Born July 4, 1906, Percy Maxim Lee led an active political and civic life, serving as president of the Connecticut League of Women Voters from 1941 to 1950 and four terms as president of the League of Women Voters of the United States from 1950 to 1958. She received national appointments to various councils and commissions from four presidents and was active in water and land-use issues in Connecticut. She also founded the Junior School (now Renbrook School) in West Hartford, Connecticut, served on the boards of several New England schools and was vice chairman of the board of trustees for Connecticut College. The family invites memorial contributions to Lawrence and Memorial Hospital, 365 Montauk Ave, New London, CT 06320 or to or the League of Women Voters of the United States, 1730 M St NW, Ste 1000, Washington, DC, 20036-4508.--some information from The Day of New London * Transatlantic VHF contact a no-go: Groups of amateurs from Germany, Canada and Ireland had no luck in their attempt to make the first two-way transatlantic VHF contact in conjunction with this week's Leonid meteor shower. The effort was, in part, a quest for the Brendan Trophies <http://www.irts.ie/brendan.htm> offered by the Irish Radio Transmitters Society <http://www.irts.ie/>. One group was on the Irish coast, while the other operated from Society of Newfoundland Radio Amateurs (SONRA) <http://www.sonra.ca/> club station VO1AA, located at Signal Hill National Historic Site of Canada. That's the spot where Marconi received the first transatlantic signal almost 101 years ago. "It's been quite an adventure," said Paul Piercey, VO1HE, who was at the Newfoundland end. "We never made the contact because the meteor shower didn't seem as big as predicted, he said." The Brendan Trophies will go to each of the operators of the two Amateur Radio stations that first establish two-way communication between Europe and North or South America on 2 meters. The teams in Ireland and Newfoundland attempted to use the ionized meteor trails to reflect FSK441 signals across the Atlantic. A 1999 effort to complete a transatlantic 2-meter contact between Newfoundland and Scotland on CW also was unsuccessful. The group conceded that bridging the more than 1920-mile gap between Newfoundland and Ireland via meteor scatter probably would require "an unusual kind of propagation."--Paul Piercey, VO1HE * The ARRL Letter delivery problems: A few e-mail recipients of The ARRL Letter have reported that some recent editions never arrived in their e-mail in boxes. If this occurs, members who have signed up for direct delivery via their ARRL Web site Member Data Page <http://www.arrl.org/members-only/memdata.html> first should be certain that their ARRL membership has not expired. If their membership is current, they should send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Some recipients also have reported that certain anti-SPAM filters will sequester editions of The ARRL Letter or prevent delivery altogether. Especially if you receive The ARRL Letter at a business address, consider checking with your system administrator to see if anti-SPAM software could be the problem. Current and back issues of The ARRL Letter, typically distributed Fridays, remain available to all via the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter>. The ARRL Letter goes out 50 times a year to some 65,000 ARRL members. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; http://www.arrl.org. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb at http://www.arrl.org for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRLWeb Extra at http://www.arrl.org/members-only/extra offers ARRL members access to informative features and columns. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, firstname.lastname@example.org ==>ARRL News on the Web: http://www.arrl.org ==>ARRL Audio News: http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/ or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your address for e-mail delivery: ARRL members first must register on the Members Only Web Site, http://www.arrl.org/members/. You'll have an opportunity during registration to sign up for e-mail delivery of The ARRL Letter, W1AW bulletins, and other material. 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