*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 22, No. 27 July 11, 2003 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +"BPL is a Pandora's Box," ARRL tells FCC * +WRC-03 records radio history in 40-meter compromise * +Astronauts still drinking Tang--or something like it * +See you on 60! * +ARRL Board to meet in Connecticut * +Dean of ARRL Section Managers steps down * +FCC accepting comments on petition to set bandwidth limits * FCC attempting to rectify call sign goof * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio ARRL Emergency Communications course registration ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration Hurricane Watch Net activates for Claudette California antenna bill reaches governor's desk Astronaut works dozens of stations from ISS during Field Day Museum Ships Special Event set Top 40-meter DXer Al Hix, W8AH, SK +Available on ARRL Audio News =========================================================== ==>"BPL IS A PANDORA'S BOX OF UNPRECEDENTED PROPORTIONS," ARRL TELLS FCC Citing the potential for interference to and from Amateur Radio, the ARRL has called on the FCC to "take no steps" to permit Broadband over Power Line (BPL)--a form of power line carrier (PLC) technology. In response to the FCC's BPL Notice of Inquiry (NOI) published May 23, the League this week filed a 120-page response--including studies. The NOI, which asked how the FCC should regulate the delivery of broadband services to homes and businesses using electrical wiring to conduct high-speed digital signals, attracted some 1900 comments--many from the amateur community--by the July 7 comment deadline. "ARRL is unwilling to have the Amateur Service gored with the double-edged sword of an incompatible service that will at once (1) cause widespread interference, and (2) preclude any future changes in the amateur HF allocations," the ARRL said. The League said that based on "diligent and exhaustive research," it's concluded that BPL must avoid any and all amateur MF, HF and VHF allocations without exception. The League said that while it's aware that current Part 15 rules permit BPL, its interference potential remains untested and unrealized, since no access BPL systems are in operation. BPL proponents would prefer that the FCC authorize even higher power levels for such systems, however. "BPL is a Pandora's Box of unprecedented proportions," the ARRL declared. It asked the FCC to modify its Part 15 rules to prevent interference to users of the HF and low-VHF spectrum from the start and "to prevent consumers' reliance on BPL as an interference-free broadband delivery system." Studies appended to the League's comments suggest received signal levels of BPL broadband noise at typical amateur stations would be anywhere from 34 dB to 65 dB higher than typical ambient noise levels in the worst-case situations. "BPL cannot be deployed using amateur allocations in the MF, HF and VHF bands without severely high interference potential," the ARRL reiterated. Electric utility companies would operate many, if not most, BPL systems. ARRL pointed out that some power companies have demonstrated a less-than-stellar record of cooperation in resolving complaints of power line noise to hams. "It is a very substantial problem now for the Amateur Service, without the addition of BPL to the mix," the League said. The ARRL concluded by urging the FCC to ensure that BPL "is not permitted to operate in or near any Amateur Radio allocations" and that any future changes in ham allocations would "trigger retroactive modifications to BPL facilities" to avoid amateur frequencies. ARRL's comments and additional information are available on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/announce/regulatory/et03-104/>. The ARRL has initiated an important Spectrum Defense Fund campaign to support activities to educate government officials on the potential threat that BPL poses to Amateur Radio. To find out more, or to support ARRL's efforts in this area, visit the ARRL's secure BPL Web site <https://www.arrl.org/forms/development/donations/bpl/> ==>RADIO HISTORY IS MADE AT WRC-03 WITH 7-MHZ REALIGNMENT COMPROMISE In a historic move, delegates to World Radiocommunication Conference 2003 (WRC-03) agreed to move broadcasters out of 7100 to 7200 kHz in Regions 1 and 3 to make room for the Amateur Service. International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) Secretary--and ARRL CEO--David Sumner, K1ZZ, said the "carefully crafted compromise" calls for broadcasters to vacate 7100 to 7200 kHz by March 29, 2009. Amateurs in the US and the rest of Region 2 will continue to enjoy the 7000 to 7300 kHz band they now have, and eventually with greatly reduced broadcasting interference. The compromise marked the first time in the history of internationally coordinated radio spectrum allocation that an HF broadcasting band was shifted to accommodate the needs of another service. It cuts in half the incompatibility between amateur and broadcasting use of the 7 MHz band and doubles the 40-meter spectrum available to amateurs in Regions 1 and 3. While the result falls short of the IARU's goal of a 300-kHz worldwide exclusive band for amateurs, the cooperation of broadcasters, opposing delegates and many others was required to make a positive step for ham radio. Spectrum between 4 and 10 MHz is on the agenda for WRC-07, but the next conference will not consider further changes to 7000-7200 kHz. As expected, WRC-03 also dropped the international Morse code requirement for HF access, leaving individual countries to decide if they want to retain a code proficiency requirement (Switzerland already has dropped the requirement). In addition, the conference adopted a number of improvements to other international regulations for the Amateur Service. Delegates also agreed to allow a secondary allocation for satellite borne synthetic aperture radars at 70 cm and, in an Article 19 change, made amateur call sign assignments more flexible. Michael Owen, VK3KI, a member of the IARU team at Geneva, has provided a detailed explanation of Article 25 changes in the article "New Regulations for the Amateur Services." It's available on the IARU Web site <http://www.iaru.org/rel030703att3.html>. More than 2600 delegates and other participants attended the four-week-long conference, chaired by Dr Veena Rawat of Canada. For WRC-03, the IARU fielded its largest team of observers at an ITU conference in more than a decade. In addition to Sumner and Owen, the team--led by IARU President Larry Price, W4RA--included Bob Jones, VE7RWJ; Wojciech Nietyksza, SP5FM, and Ken Pulfer, VE3PU. More than a dozen other amateurs were present on national delegations or in other roles for the IARU, its regional organizations and member-societies. Changes to Articles 19 and 25 took effect on July 5, 2003. In general, the other Final Acts take effect on January 1, 2005. ==>TANG--OR SOMETHING LIKE IT--STILL A SPACE DRINK Despite some technical problems, youngsters at the Challenger Learning Center of Northwest Indiana <http://pucinfo.calumet.purdue.edu/challenger_nwi/welcome.htm> got answers to more than a dozen questions via ham radio from NASA International Space Station Science Officer and Flight Engineer Ed Lu, KC5WKJ. The direct 2-meter contact took place June 26 between Lu, at the controls of NA1SS, and W9PUC, the call sign of the Purdue Calumet Amateur Radio Society, whose members assisted in setting up the Earth station equipment. The contact was arranged as part of the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) program. One youngster asked Lu if astronauts still drink Tang--the orange drink made from powder--while in space. "Actually, we do have an orange drink, I'm not sure if it's actually Tang or not--actually, I think it might be--but it's labeled as 'orange drink.'" Lu said. "When you add water to it, it tastes pretty good." Despite the February 1 shuttle Columbia disaster, Lu told another Challenger Center camper that he was not worried about having to pass through Earth's atmosphere when the crew returns from space in October. "Obviously, space flight can be risky, but our ship is totally different than the shuttle," he said, noting that the Russian Soyuz now being used to transport ISS crew members doesn't even have wings. "I think it will go just fine," Lu predicted. The Expedition 6 crew experienced a bit of a bumpy landing this spring in its Soyuz spacecraft and also undershot their landing zone. The NASA shuttle fleet remains grounded. Taking off from Earth was quite an experience, Lu told another youngster, saying it felt as if "a giant hand" were pushing him back into his seat aboard the Soyuz. Lu has been maintaining a Web site <http://www.edlu.com/> that describes his perspective on life in space. The Expedition 7 crew of Lu and Expedition 7 Commander Yuri Malenchenko, RK3DUO, has another four months left on its duty tour. Lu--who turned 40 in space July 1--told the grade three through eight youngsters that the two-man crew has been involved in hundreds of experiments, some of which involve observing the Earth and others the crew members themselves, he said. The contact was plagued at various points by poor downlink signal reception. Charlie Sufana, AJ9N, the ARISS mentor for the contact, said some 150 to 175 people were in attendance for the event. Ed Perosky, K9TZT, served as the Amateur Radio coordinator, while Mark Skowronski, K9MQ, was control operator. Members of the Lake County Amateur Radio Club also assisted. ARISS is an international program with participation by NASA, ARRL and AMSAT. ==>SEE YOU ON 60! FIVE CHANNELS NOW OPEN FOR USE US amateurs had been counting down the weeks, days and hours. Now, the five new 60-meter "channel center" frequencies--5332, 5348, 5368, 5373 and 5405 kHz--are available! Given the constraints imposed on the five lightly used government frequencies, ARRL advises members to demonstrate their best operating behavior and to use common sense when operating under the new rules. The channelized domestic, secondary allocation at 5 MHz marks the first new HF amateur band since the 1980s. The only legal mode is upper sideband voice (USB), with a maximum bandwidth of 2.8 kHz (centered within each channel). On July 3, the first day the band was available, hundreds of operators opened up on one of the channels to grab their first contacts. The friendly free-for-all took place on a fairly level playing field, however, since the FCC has imposed a 50 W effective radiated power (ERP) limit. The new FCC rules--ß97.303(s)--define this as the transmitter output in peak envelope power (PEP) multiplied by antenna gain relative to a half-wave dipole or the equivalent calculation in decibels. The Commission presumes that a half-wave dipole on the 5 MHz allocation has a gain of 0 dBd. Licensees using antennas other than a half-wave dipole must maintain in their station records either manufacturer data on the antenna gain or calculations of the antenna gain. The bottom line for most hams will be to erect a wire dipole, set their transmitter to 50 W PEP output and enjoy the new band. For more information, see the 60-Meter FAQs posted on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/regulations/faq.html>. Amateurs in the US and the United Kingdom share one 5-MHz channel--5405 kHz. While it's legal for US hams to work UK amateurs--and some transatlantic contacts already have been reported--the RSGB 5 MHz Working Group says UK hams are on the band specifically as part of propagation and equipment experiments, not to make general contacts. ==>ARRL BOARD OF DIRECTORS TO MEET IN CONNECTICUT The consequences for Amateur Radio of the recently concluded World Radiocommunication Conference 2003 (WRC-03) will be among the top items up for discussion when the ARRL Board of Directors meets July 18-19 in Windsor, Connecticut. ARRL President Jim Haynie, W5JBP, will chair the session. At WRC-03, which concluded July 4 in Geneva, delegates reached a compromise on a 200-kHz worldwide allocation--7000 to 7200 kHz--effective in 2009, with no change to the existing 300-kHz allocation in the US and elsewhere in Region 2. The conference also eliminated the requirement that amateur applicants prove Morse code proficiency to operate below 30 MHz, leaving it up to individual administrations to retain or drop Morse code as an examination element. Decisions made at WRC-03 also resulted in a wide variety of changes to other sections of Article 25 of the international Radio Regulations affecting international communications. Those changes, which must now be reflected in US Amateur Service rules, include third-party traffic rules, international recognition of the licenses of visiting amateurs and communication with so-called "banned countries." ARRL CEO David Sumner, K1ZZ--who attended WRC-03 in his capacity of IARU Secretary--anticipates that Board members also will start looking ahead to Amateur Radio issues that are expected to surface at the next WRC, now being called WRC-07. Those would include the issue of possible worldwide amateur access to 7200 to 7300 kHz among other topics. The FCC's Broadband over Power Line (BPL) initiative and Notice of Inquiry in ET Docket 03-104 is another likely major topic at this year's second Board session. The Board meeting discussion is expected to shift focus to the League's next steps in confronting the potential BPL threat. Board members also will review a major ARRL Technical Relations Office study--commissioned at last July's Board meeting--of the bands from 902 MHz to 24.25 GHz. The so-called "Minute 56" report evaluates spectrum use policies in the upper-UHF bands with an eye toward developing options to protect the allocations and to make greater amateur use of those frequencies. In addition, ARRL Board members will hear a report from the Ad Hoc HF Digital Modes Committee. President Haynie last July appointed the panel to study new HF data modes in the Amateur Service. The Committee was to develop recommendations for introduction of voice-bandwidth data modes and to advise the Board on amateur Internet HF linking and HF automatic control. Radio Amateurs of Canada President Bill Gillis, VE1WG, will be a guest at this month's Board meeting. ==>DEAN OF ARRL SECTION MANAGERS STEPS DOWN; SM APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED The dean of ARRL Section Managers--New Mexico's Joe Knight, W5PDY--stepped down July 2 as Section Manager there after serving for nearly 27 years--longer than any other sitting SM. Knight cited poor health in his decision to retire from the volunteer position. ARRL Field and Educational Services Manager Rosalie White, K1STO, has named New Mexico Assistant SM Bill Weatherford, KM5FT, of Albuquerque, to fill the remainder of Knight's term, which ends December 31. "It hurts me deeply to step down, but after almost 27 years in this position, all good things must come to an end," said Knight, who urged support for his replacement. A Life Member and an Assistant SM, Weatherford is the trustee of Albuquerque Amateur Radio Club's N5VA. White says Weatherford already has indicated plans to run for the SM job in his own right later this year. Among those praising Knight was Bernalillo County Emergency Management Coordinator Don Scott, N5UJT, who cited Knight's many years of "tireless effort" in coordinating and promoting Amateur Radio in New Mexico. "As an emergency manager, the services of Joe and Amateur Radio as a whole cannot go unnoticed," Scott said. Knight was the focus of an article in the January 2003 issue of QST, "The Luckiest Man Alive," which outlined the vast emergency communication resources that Knight and hundreds of other dedicated volunteers have built up over the years in New Mexico. ARRL Field and Public Service Team Supervisor Steve Ewald, WV1X, said Knight provided a fount of valuable experience that he was happy to share with others. "For several years, Joe has helped with the ARRL Section Manager's Workshop for new SMs," Ewald said. In other SM changes, White appointed Ti-Michelle Connelly, NJ6T, as East Bay Section Manager. She replaces Dennis Franklin, K6DF, who stepped down effective June 23 citing health reasons. Connelly will serve out the remainder of Franklin's term, which ends December 31. She has served as an Assistant SM and Affiliated Club Coordinator for about three years and as Net Manager for two years. White also has announced the appointment of Randy Stimson, KZ7T, as ARRL Oregon Section Manager. Stimson replaces Marshall D. Johnson, KK7CW, who was removed from office in a June recall election. Stimson had served previously as Oregon SM from 1987 until 1998 and he remains active in Amateur Radio public service activities. Stimson will remain in office until the next SM term begins July 1, 2004. ==>FCC ACCEPTING COMMENTS ON OCCUPIED BANDWIDTH PETITION The FCC is accepting comments on a Petition for Rule Making from two amateurs calling on the FCC to establish SSB and AM bandwidth standards. The FCC has assigned RM-10740 to the petition, filed May 27 by Michael Lonneke, W0YR, of Round Hill, Virginia, and Melvin Ladisky, W6FDR, of Camarillo, California. The Lonneke-Ladisky petition had attracted some 100 comments by week's end. Comments are due by July 26. Referencing four Enforcement Bureau letters (one of which was included in the petition as an exhibit) sent to amateurs and alleging overly wide SSB signals, the petition asks the FCC to "remove the ambiguity" in the Part 97 rules and establish SSB and AM transmission bandwidth standards. On HF frequencies below 28.8 MHz, it recommends a maximum 2.8 kHz bandwidth for SSB (J3E) emissions and a maximum 5.6 kHz bandwidth for AM (A3E) emissions. Amateurs may read and comment on this petition via the FCC's Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS) <http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/>. ==>FCC ATTEMPTING TO RECTIFY CALL SIGN GOOF The FCC has issued a Memorandum Opinion and Order (MO&O) in an effort to rescind a vanity call sign it issued in error to a Virginia amateur. Last August, the FCC's Licensing and Technical Analysis Branch of the Public Safety and Private Wireless Division (within the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau) erroneously granted the request of Richard L. Smith of Chesapeake, Virginia, to have the call sign KC4USH. The Branch is responsible for issuing all amateur license and call sign grants. The Commission says that since the KC4USA through KC4USZ call sign block has been made available to the US Navy for the use of amateur stations in Antarctica, the KC4USH call sign should not have been issued to Smith, a General-class licensee who used to be KG4UKV. The FCC now wants Smith to take back his former call sign (along with a refund of his vanity application fee, of course). The MO&O was released July 3 and signed by D'wana Terry, Chief of the Public Safety and Private Wireless Division. The FCC will not issue a modification order until Smith has received notice of the proposed action and has a chance to protest, something he must do in writing within 30 days. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Sun seeker Tad "Sunshine On My Shoulders" Cook, K7RA, Seattle, Washington, reports: This has been quite an interesting week for propagation and a fruitful one for DXers on both HF and VHF. This weekend is the IARU HF World Championship. Predicted planetary A index for Friday through Monday, July 11-14, is 25, 20, 15 and 15. Solar flux is expected to slowly drift down to a minimum of 115, where it is expected to stay from around July 17-22. Sunspot numbers for July 3 through 9 were 147, 130, 88, 114, 140, 149 and 125, with a mean of 127.6. The 10.7-cm flux was 132.2, 140, 141.9, 129.6, 133.3, 131.3 and 126, with a mean of 133.5. Estimated planetary A indices were 17, 25, 17, 12, 14, 5 and 6, with a mean of 13.7. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The IARU HF World Championship, the FISTS Summer Sprint, the QRP ARCI Summer Homebrew Sprint are the weekend of July 12-13. JUST AHEAD: The North American QSO Party, RTTY, the Pacific 160-Meter Contest, the CQ World Wide VHF Contest and the CQC Great Colorado Gold Rush events are the weekend of July 19-20. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Emergency Communications course registration: A few seats may remain for the Level I ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications on-line course (EC-001) that begins July 22 and is sponsored by the United Technologies Corporation. Registration opens Monday, July 14, 12:01 AM Eastern Daylight Time (0401 UTC), for the Level II Emergency Communications on-line course (EC-002). Registration remains open through the July 12-13 weekend or until all available seats have been filled--whichever comes first. Class begins Tuesday, July 29. Thanks to United Technologies Corporation, the $45 registration fee paid upon enrollment will be reimbursed after successful completion of the Level II course. During this registration period, approximately 75 seats are being offered to ARRL members on a first-come, first-served basis. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (C-CE) <http://www.arrl.org/cce/> Web page and the C-CE Links found there. For more information, contact Emergency Communications Course Manager Dan Miller, K3UFG, <firstname.lastname@example.org>; 860-594-0340. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration for the ARRL Antenna Modeling (EC-004) course opens Monday, July 14, 12:01 AM Eastern Daylight Time (0401 UTC). Registration will remain open through Sunday, July 20. Class begins Tuesday, July 22. Those interested in taking an ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (C-CE) course in the future can sign up to be advised via e-mail in advance of registration opportunities. To take advantage, send an e-mail to email@example.com. On the subject line, indicate the course name or number (eg, EC-00#) and the month you want to start the course. In the message body, provide your name, call sign, and e-mail address. Please do not send inquiries to this mailbox. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (C-CE) Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce> and the C-CE links found there. For more information, contact Certification and Continuing Education Program Coordinator Howard Robins, W1HSR, firstname.lastname@example.org. * Hurricane Watch Net keeping a close eye on Claudette: The Hurricane Watch Net <http://www.hwn.org> secured operations on 14.325 MHz at 0130 UTC on July 11 for Tropical Storm Claudette. The storm had been predicted to reach hurricane status, but it was diminishing in strength over the Yucatan Peninsula at week's end. The activation for Claudette at 1800 UTC on July 10 was the first of the 2003 hurricane season. HWN members share storm information with forecasters via WX4NHC at the National Hurricane Center in Miami. Net Manager Mike Pilgrim, K5MP, has cautioned that once the storm clears the Yucatan and heads into the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico, it again could become a major threat to Gulf Coast communities. "We will continue to monitor progress of this storm and will advise if activation of the Hurricane Watch Net might again be called for," Pilgrim said. "In the meantime, interested parties should access the weather advisories available at on the Net's Web site <http://www.hwn.org> or otherwise monitor the Maritime Mobile Service Net <http://www.mmsn.org/> on 14.300 MHz for frequent updates of the tropical weather outlook." Meanwhile, Salvation Army Team Emergency Radio Network (SATERN) National Coordinator Pat McPherson, WW9E, was asking SATERN personnel in its Southern Territory to remain alert to further HWN activation and to support net activities if needed. "If Claudette becomes a hurricane and makes landfall, it is likely that SATERN will activate to pass emergency traffic and handle health and welfare," McPherson said. The SATERN net operates on 14.265 kHz. * California antenna bill reaches governor's desk: Proponents of California's Amateur Radio antenna bill, AB 1228, are encouraging California amateurs to contact Gov Gray Davis to urge him to sign the measure, which is now on his desk. On June 30, the California Assembly on a 77-0 vote concurred with changes in language that the Senate had made in the legislation. The bill went to the governor for his signature on July 3. AB 1228 would incorporate the essence of the limited federal preemption known as PRB-1 <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/regulations/local/prb-1.html> into California law. ARRL Pacific Division Director Bob Vallio, W6RGG, and Southwestern Division Director Art Goddard, W6XD, are asking that members consider sending a message either via e-mail <email@example.com> or via the US Postal Service similar to this sample letter <http://www.kkn.net/Sample_Letter_AB_1228.html>. Send mail to Gov Gray Davis, ATTN: Armand Feliciano, State Capitol, Sacramento, CA 95814. All correspondents should include their name and address. The governor's office does not accept e-mail attachments. "Amateurs also may wish to send a QSL card with the message, 'Please sign AB 1228,'" Vallio said. "That may also prove to be effective." Davis vetoed a similar Amateur Radio antenna bill three years ago. The most ham-populated state in the US, California is home to some 100,000 licensees--almost 15 percent of the US total. * Astronaut works dozens of stations from ISS during Field Day: US astronaut Ed Lu, KC5WKJ, worked more than three dozen stations from NA1SS aboard the International Space Station during Field Day 2003 June 28-29. The contacts appear to have been made during at least two ISS passes over North America. Operating the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station equipment, Lu managed to contact 39 stations in the US, Canada and Mexico on 2-meter FM simplex. For more information on ARISS, visit the ARISS Web site <http://www.rac.ca/ariss>. * Museum Ships Special Event set: The USS Cassin Young Radio Club will sponsor the annual Museum Ships Special Event July 19-20 (UTC). Seventy museum vessels--including everything from aircraft carriers and battleships to submarines and tugboats--are poised to participate in the event. While most vessels are in the US, several are in Europe. Stations set up onboard participating vessels will use SSB and CW (as well as other modes, including AM, PSK31 and IRLP) on various HF amateur frequencies. All of these museum ships are open to the public. More information, including suggested frequencies and a list of participating vessels, is available on the USS Cassin Young Radio Club Web site <http://www.qsl.net/ww2dd/event.html>, which will be updated as new information is available. The destroyer USS Cassin Young in Boston Harbor will be on the air during the Museum Ships Special Event as WW2DD. * Top 40-meter DXer Al Hix, W8AH, SK: Albert H. "Al" Hix, W8AH, of Charleston, West Virginia, died June 25, after a brief illness. He was 85. A DXCC Honor Roll member with 388 entities confirmed, Hix also was at the top of the worldwide 40-meter DXCC pile with 362 entities. ARRL West Virginia Section Manager Hal Turley, KC8FS, said Hix could be tenacious in a DX pileup, but called him "a true gentleman" who loved to share his love for ham radio. Licensed in the 1930s, Hix was an electrical engineering graduate of West Virginia University and World War II US Army Signal Corps veteran. A past president of the West Virginia State Radio Council and of the West Virginia Quarter Century Wireless Association, Hix was voted West Virginia Outstanding Amateur Radio Operator of the Year in 1986. He was a member of ARRL and of the Kanawha Amateur Radio Club. The family invites donations to the ARRL Foundation's pending Albert H. Hix Memorial Scholarship Fund, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111-1484. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org>. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb <http://www.arrl.org> for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> offers access to news, informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled from The ARRL Letter. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. 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