*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 23, No. 21 May 21, 2004 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +ARRL delegation visits the White House to discuss BPL * +Spectrum Protection bill cosponsors top 100 * +Rocket carrying ham radio avionics reaches space * +BPL official discounts NTIA study in House hearing * +Number of ham radio enforcement cases dropping * +ARRL legend Byron H. Goodman, W1DX, SK * +Headquarters staff members aid Iraqi pupils * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration ARRL Emergency Communications course registration ARRL to sponsor Emergency Communications seminar in Connecticut Eight section managers returned to office Correction Hams in Northern Virginia support airport disaster drill NASA names new supercomputer after lost Columbia ham-astronaut Submarine-based ham station to be on the air +Available on ARRL Audio News =========================================================== ==>WHITE HOUSE GIVES ARRL DELEGATION ASSURANCES ON BPL INTERFERENCE ARRL President Jim Haynie, W5JBP, headed an ARRL delegation during a May 20 White House visit to discuss concerns about broadband over power line (BPL). Haynie, ARRL General Counsel Chris Imlay, W3KD, and Chief Technology Officer Paul Rinaldo, W4RI, met with Richard Russell, the White House associate director for technology in the Office of Science and Technology Policy. The ARRL officials asked the Bush administration to heed its own experts at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) and back away from its support of BPL in favor of less troublesome technologies. The NTIA's Phase 1 BPL study acknowledged BPL as an interference source. Haynie said the meeting was both revealing and encouraging. "He assured us that based on the NTIA report, the interference issues would be addressed," Haynie said. "That was one of our main purposes for being there." Haynie said, however, that he remains "absolutely" convinced that a political agenda is driving the BPL proceeding. Russell told the ARRL contingent that the administration is "very excited" about BPL and is committed to finding ways to make it work. Imlay said the League's problems were not with broadband access but with the "rush-to-judgment" approach the FCC seems to be taking in the BPL proceeding. As one example, he cited the timing between the release of the extensive NTIA study and the comment deadline on the BPL proceeding just a few days later. The Commission denied requests from the ARRL and others to extend the comment deadline. While somewhat sympathetic, Russell suggested that his office was in less of a position to influence the FCC than it was the NTIA. After Rinaldo presented some of the ARRL's BPL interference test findings, Russell asked the League to provide a breakdown of the BPL systems and providers manifesting both lesser and greater degrees of interference. Rinaldo also told Russell that representatives of the BPL industry have been double-talking their way around interference claims. Imlay pointed out that the FCC has yet to address dozens of BPL-related interference complaints from amateurs. The administration does not want a flawed technology to result from the BPL proceeding, Russell said at the session's conclusion, and he offered assurances to the League visitors that the NTIA would work to address the interference. "We did get listened to," Haynie said afterward. "Did I leave there feeling euphoric? No, I didn't, but at least I have a better feeling now of the overall big picture, of where BPL's coming from, and I hope that I can take to the bank the fact that they're going to address and continue to address aggressively the interference issues." Derek Riker, KB3JLF, of Chwat & Company, the ARRL's legislative relations consultant, arranged the meeting and accompanied the delegation on the White House visit. The ARRL already has asked the FCC to put its BPL proceeding on hold to allow more thorough research of its interference potential. The League contended in its comments on the February 23 Notice of Proposed Rule Making in ET Docket 03-47 that the FCC's "overly aggressive timetable" to proceed with BPL deployment will effectively preclude the development of cooperative interference avoidance and resolution mechanisms. ==>SPECTRUM PROTECTION ACT COSPONSOR LIST TOPS 100 The number of US House members from both sides of the aisle signed on as cosponsors of the Amateur Radio Spectrum Protection Act of 2003--HR 713--has topped the century mark. The recent addition of three Republicans and three Democrats pushed the count to 103. Identical House and Senate versions of the measure, an ARRL initiative, are on their third try in Congress. Since January 1, the number of HR 713 cosponsors has grown by 26. The Senate version, S 537, has eight cosponsors. The Spectrum Protection Act bills would require the FCC to provide "equivalent replacement spectrum" to Amateur Radio if the Commission were to reallocate primary amateur frequencies, reduce any secondary amateur allocations, or make additional allocations within such bands that would substantially reduce their utility to amateurs. Signing aboard HR 713 so far this month were representatives Jo Ann Davis (R-VA), Johnny Isakson (R-GA), Elijah Cummings (D-MD), C. A. "Dutch" Ruppersberger (D-MD), Jim Gerlach (R-PA), and Mike Thompson (D-CA). Florida Republican Michael Bilirakis sponsored the House bill, while Idaho Republican Michael Crapo introduced S 537. Ruppersberger this month also became the 35th cosponsor of HR 1478, the Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Consistency Act of 2003--the so-called CC&R bill. Sponsored by New York Democrat Steve Israel, the CC&R bill would require private land-use regulators such as homeowners' associations to "reasonably accommodate" Amateur Radio antennas consistent with the PRB-1 limited federal preemption. HR 713 and HR 1478 have been referred to the House Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet. S 537 has been referred to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. ARRL President Jim Haynie, W5JBP, reiterated that the key to passage of the measures is letters from constituents. He called upon League members to take the effort to write, call or e-mail their representatives and senators to explain the bills' importance and encourage them to consider cosponsoring the measures. "Letters from ARRL members--who also are voters--are crucial to getting the spectrum bills through Congress, and that won't happen without support from our members," he said. Sample letters and additional information--including the bills' texts and information on how to write members of Congress--is on the ARRL's "The Amateur Radio Spectrum Protection Act of 2003" Web page <http://www.arrl.org/govrelations/arspa.html> and on the "HR 1478, The Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Consistency Act of 2003" Web page <http://www.arrl.org/govrelations/hr1478/>. Those writing their lawmakers on behalf of the Spectrum Protection Act are asked to copy their correspondence to the League via e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Those writing on behalf of the Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Consistency Act, HR 1478, are asked to copy their correspondence to <email@example.com>. ==>HAM RADIO-CARRYING ROCKET MAKES IT TO MARGIN OF SPACE Following its May 17 launch from Nevada's Black Rock Desert, a solid-fuel amateur rocket carrying a ham radio avionics package easily exceeded its primary goal of attaining an altitude of 100 km--62 miles--considered the boundary between Earth's atmosphere and space, its sponsors say. An Amateur Radio direction finding team later recovered the rocket's avionics package intact. Avionics Team Leader Eric Knight, KB1EHE, told ARRL that the 21-foot, 10-inch diameter Civilian Space Xploration Team (CSXT) <http://www.civilianspace.com/> GoFast vehicle reached an altitude of 77 miles according to its onboard instruments, making it the first civilian rocket to do so. "We well shattered any definition of space, and everybody's jubilant here," Knight told ARRL from Nevada. "Within two seconds into the flight we were already supersonic." An ARRL member, Knight said 75 to 100 people--many of them radio amateurs--witnessed the launch, and some asked how they could become licensed. The launch itself, Knight reported, "went like clockwork." During the vehicle's descent to Earth, a ballistic parachute deployed to keep it from tumbling, slow its velocity and make it hit the ground nose first. "The avionics package looks pristine," Knight said. "It could fly again." That's not likely however, since the CSXT team is hoping the avionics will end up in the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. A volunteer aerospace tracking and recovery team of Silicon Valley Amateur Radio operators calling itself Stratofox <http://www.stratofox.org/> zeroed in on signals from the fallen rocket, which came down in rugged, mountainous terrain some 25 miles from the launch site. Tiny bird-tracking transmitters operating in the 224-MHz range were embedded into the parachute shroud lines solely for tracking purposes. The avionics team's homebuilt patch-type antennas served the 33-cm telemetry downlink and 2.4 GHz Amateur TV transmitters as well as the onboard GPS units. The color ATV system was able to provide some photos during the first several seconds of the flight, but Knight said the rocket's spin--about nine cycles per second--caused the video to blur after that. The avionics team includes eight Amateur Radio licensees, most of whom also were involved in an unsuccessful 2002 CSXT launch attempt. The entire 18-member CSXT team is headed by CSXT founder and Program Director Ky Michaelson, a retired Hollywood stunt man. The United Kingdom Rocketry Association this week conveyed congratulations to the US team. "It's certainly a major achievement," said John Bonsor, a UKRA founder. ==>BPL INDUSTRY OFFICIAL DISPUTES NTIA REPORT IN CONGRESSIONAL HEARING A BPL industry witness this week told a House Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet hearing that the extensive National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) broadband over power line interference study draws "generalized conclusions," some of which are "inaccurate." Jay Birnbaum, vice president and general counsel of BPL provider Current Communications Group LLC <http://www.currentgroup.com/> was among those answering lawmakers' questions during the May 19 hearing, "Competition in the Communications Marketplace: How Convergence Is Blurring the Lines Between Voice, Video, and Data Services." ARRL CEO David Sumner called it "interesting" that a BPL spokesperson would try to downplay the significance of the NTIA's findings. "Clearly, the report has the BPL industry worried--as well it should," Sumner said. "Anyone who gets past the introduction and actually reads the body of the NTIA study can only conclude that NTIA's findings are devastating to the case for BPL." Among other observations, the NTIA acknowledged that BPL signals "unintentionally radiate" from power lines, but said there's "substantial disagreement as to the strength of the emissions and their potential for causing interference to licensed radio systems." The subcommittee members questioning Birnbaum included Oregon Republican Greg Walden, W7EQI, one of two amateur licensees in the US House. Walden asked Birnbaum to address the BPL interference issues that the NTIA report and the amateur community have raised. Birnbaum responded that he thinks interference concerns about BPL are unfounded and that the FCC agrees. BPL emissions from power lines, he asserted, are at very low levels and dissipate very quickly with distance. Current Technologies is field testing a BPL system in Potomac, Maryland and has a 50-50 partnership with Cinergy to deploy a full-blown BPL system in the Cincinnati area. The Maryland system employs the HomePlug Alliance standard, which notches all HF amateur bands except 60 meters. The ARRL documented a visit to the Potomac test area on its Web site <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/HTML/plc/#Video>. The Potomac site is identified as "Trial Area #1" under "Video showing results of ARRL testing in MD, VA, PA and NY." BPL interference heard outside amateur bands at the Potomac site sounds like severe, irregular pulse-type noise. Birnbaum also told Walden that BPL is "literally undetectable" tens of meters away, although he indicated that there's disagreement on the issue. Walden said he just wants the interference addressed technically--"especially driving under power lines." The NTIA, which conducted measurements at three different BPL field trial sites, said that while radiated power "decreased with increasing distance," the decay was not always predictable. At one measurement location with a number of BPL devices, the NTIA said, "appreciable BPL signal levels (ie, at least 5 dB higher than ambient noise) were observed beyond 500 meters from the nearest BPL-energized power lines." The NTIA study further calculated that interference "is likely" to mobile stations in areas extending to 30 meters and to fixed stations in areas extending to 55 meters from a single BPL device and the power lines to which it's connected. Interference to systems with "low to moderate desired signal levels," such as those common in ham radio, is likely within areas extending to 75 meters for mobiles and 460 meters for fixed stations, the NTIA study said. Responding to a question from New Hampshire Republican Charles Bass, Birnbaum said the BPL industry would be pleased if Congress could provide tax or financial incentives, especially for improving the power grid. Birnbaum suggested that while utilities have been slow to act on BPL, they will begin to deploy BPL systems over the next year or two. The biggest issue, he said, is the incentive for utilities to invest in broadband technology. ==>AMATEUR ENFORCEMENT CASES DECLINING The number of Amateur Radio enforcement cases has continued to drop since a five-year peak of 350 in 2001. FCC Special Counsel for Enforcement Riley Hollingsworth told the Dayton Hamvention 2004 FCC Forum May 15 that 240 ham radio enforcement cases crossed his desk last year. As his tenure in amateur enforcement enters its sixth year, he's estimating only 175 cases in 2004. "Two years ago at Dayton, I said that I hoped the day would come soon when enforcement would not be an issue in the Amateur Service," Hollingsworth said. While he doesn't believe amateur enforcement is in "maintenance mode" yet, it's well on its way, he said. But he urged his audience not to become complacent just because there's active FCC Amateur Service enforcement. Although the percentage of "hard-core" cases is very small and rapidly declining, the remaining cases include "some real nasty ones," he said. Hollingsworth said his main worry remains inappropriate or illegal on-the-air behavior and the sometimes-negative image it can present to decision makers at a time of broadband over power line (BPL) and other threats to amateur spectrum. He proposed that amateurs concentrate on improving how they conduct themselves on the air while letting him deal with the remaining bad apples that require his attention. "No enforcement program in the world can save certain people from themselves or from being an embarrassment to the entire service," he said--reiterating a refrain that's now almost become his mantra. "If anything is the downfall of Amateur Radio, it will probably be the microphone. You have to focus on your image--what you sound like--all the time." Hollingsworth also told the forum he's convinced that further Amateur Service restructuring is a necessity. He also suggested that amateurs be less concerned about any perceived "dumbing down" of the licensing requirements, because ham radio will continue to thrive in any event. "It's not really what you do to get into Amateur Radio that counts. It's what you do once you get on the air," he said. ==>LONGTIME ARRL STAFFER, SSB PIONEER BY GOODMAN, W1DX, SK Byron H. "By" Goodman, W1DX (ex-W6CAL, W1JPE), of East Hartford, Connecticut, died May 11 after a period of declining health. He was 93. A San Francisco native, Goodman was a member of the ARRL Headquarters staff for more than three decades, most of that time serving as a technical editor. Goodman authored and edited literally hundreds of QST articles and columns as well as other League publications, including The Handbook for Radio Amateurs. Former ARRL colleague and retired ARRL General Manager Dick Baldwin, W1RU (ex-W1IKE), best remembers Goodman for his pioneering efforts in SSB and for technical expertise. First licensed in 1930, Goodman joined the ARRL Headquarters staff a few years later. "He was a man of many talents," Baldwin said. "He was in the forefront technically--antennas, receivers, single sideband." He said the technical challenge spurred Goodman's strong interest in SSB. Goodman initiated a series of columns about single sideband in QST in 1948--a decade or more before the mode eventually eclipsed AM. Over the years, Goodman wrote numerous reviews of new equipment in QST, served as the first "How's DX?" editor from 1936 until 1947 and edited a column of International Amateur Radio Union news. While the author's identity was not widely known outside of the ARRL Headquarters family, Goodman wrote a series of QST April Fool parodies under the pseudonym Larson E. Rapp, WIOU. "By had a very great sense of humor, a very dry sense of humor," said former colleague George Hart, W1NJM. In 1989, Goodman received the Dayton Hamvention's Technical Excellence Award. He belonged to the ARRL, the Quarter Century Wireless Association and the A1 Operator Club. He was not active on the air in recent years, however. Survivors include Goodman's wife, Barbara, a daughter and a sister. The family invites memorial donations to the American Heart Association, 2550 US Rte 1, North Brunswick, NJ 08902-4301. ==>LEAGUE STAFF AIDS IRAQI SCHOOLCHILDREN Fourteen large boxes filled with school supplies, books and toys are on their way to needy schoolchildren in Northern Iraq, thanks to the generous spirit of ARRL Headquarters staff members. Packages of pencils, paper, pens, crayons and other school supplies were shipped out of the ARRL warehouse, paid for with a private anonymous donation. ARRL Sales and Marketing Manager Dennis Motschenbacher, K7BV, spearheaded the Headquarters effort. His nephew, 2nd Lt Niles Motschenbacher, is serving with a US Army unit near the city of Mosul. One of Niles Motschenbacher's jobs is regularly touring the schools. "He said he was shocked the first time he went into a school building and found 100 kids in a single room, sitting on the floor and sharing a few pencils," his uncle said. Niles Motschenbacher wrote his sister Anna to ask if she could put the word out to the family--their mother is an elementary school teacher--to gather up a few school supplies and send them to him in Iraq. "When I got Anna's note, I thought of the people here at ARRL Headquarters and how generous they are," Dennis Motschenbacher said. He put up flyers on bulletin boards and set up a donation box. "I was stunned to see all of the things that came in, much of it new materials." ARRL Administrative Assistant to the CEO Lisa Kustosik, KA1UFZ, donated a small mountain of toys to the shipment. "It's important for children to have time for other things beside school books," she said. "Toys let kids be kids, no matter where they are in the world." ==>SOLAR UPDATE Sun watcher Tad "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" Cook, K7RA, Seattle, Washington, reports: Solar flux values and sunspot numbers moved higher over the past week. Average daily sunspot numbers rose nearly 65 points to 113.6. Average solar flux rose more than 18 points. The sunspot number reached a peak of 148 Sunday, May 16. We are currently within a weak stream of solar wind from a coronal hole, so some resulting geomagnetic activity is possible. The predicted planetary A index for May 21-24 is 15, 15, 12 and 10. Solar flux should stay around 100 during the next week. Seasonal noise levels should begin to rise as well. Sunspot numbers for May 13 through 19 were 107, 98, 117, 148, 147, 91 and 87, with a mean of 113.6. The 10.7 cm flux was 100.8, 109.6, 115.3, 118.3, 111.1, 107.8 and 108.8, with a mean of 110.2. Estimated planetary A indices were 13, 8, 9, 4, 5, 4 and 6, with a mean of 7. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 17, 4, 7, 4, 3, 4 and 6, with a mean of 6.4. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The 2 GHz and Up Contest, the VK/Trans-Tasman 80-Meter Contest (phone) the EU PSK DX Contest and the Baltic Contest are the weekend of May 22-23. JUST AHEAD: AGCW Activity Week is May 24-28. The CQ WW WPX Contest (CW), the Great Lakes QSO Party and the ARCI Hootowl Sprint are the weekend of May 29-30. The MI QRP Memorial Day CW Sprint is May 31-June 1. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Emergency Communications course registration: Registration for the ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level III on-line course (EC-003) remains open through the May 22-23 weekend or until all available seats have been filled--whichever comes first. Class begins Tuesday, June 1. Thanks to our grant sponsors--the Corporation for National and Community Service and the United Technologies Corporation--the $45 registration fee paid upon enrollment will be reimbursed after successful completion of the course. During this registration period, approximately 50 seats are being offered to ARRL members on a first-come, first-served basis. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (C-CE) Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/>. For more information, contact Emergency Communications Course Manager Dan Miller, K3UFG, firstname.lastname@example.org; 860-594-0340. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration for the ARRL HF Digital Communication (EC-005), ARRL VHF/UHF--Beyond the Repeater (EC-008) and ARRL Technician Licensing (EC-010) courses remains open through Sunday, May 23. Classes begin Tuesday, June 1. Students participating in VHF/UHF--Beyond the Repeater (EC-008) will enjoy exploring some of the lesser-used and more intriguing aspects of VHF/UHF operation. HF Digital Communication students will learn to use a variety of HF digital modes. With the assistance of a mentor, students in Technician Licensing (EC-010) will learn everything they need to know to pass the FCC Technician class Amateur Radio license examination. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education (C-CE) Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/> or contact the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Program Department <email@example.com>. * ARRL to sponsor Emergency Communications seminar in Connecticut: The ARRL will offer a free Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Course (ARECC) seminar Saturday, June 12, in conjunction with the Newington Amateur Radio League Hamfest Weekend. The seminar will be held from 12 noon until 4 PM at ARRL Headquarters, 225 Main Street, Newington, Connecticut and is open to all interested hams. The seminar will not include the Level I course itself. A PowerPoint presentation will include background information, group discussion of multiple disaster scenarios, comments from emergency communications leadership, ARECC mentors and students, discussion about the ARRL Amateur Radio emergency communications courses, the status of our federal grant from the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) and the grant from our corporate partner United Technologies Corporation, updates on emergency communications tools being developed nationally and a quiz to determine personal preparedness. Senior citizens are strongly encouraged to participate. All ARES/RACES volunteers, ARECC course participants at every level, and ARRL Field Organization leadership are welcome. Course participants are invited to share their experiences. Field Organization Leadership--SMs, SECs, DECs and ECs--are encouraged to brainstorm ideas to motivate volunteers and coordinate activities. Attendees will receive handouts and be eligible for a prize drawing. Seating is limited. Anyone planning to attend should contact Dan Miller, K3UFG, <firstname.lastname@example.org>; 860-594-0340; FAX 860-594-0259. For more information on the NARL 2004 Hamfest Weekend, visit the NARL Web site <http://www.narl.net/>. * Eight section managers returned to office: Oregon Section Manager Randy Stimson, KZ7T, overcame a challenge from Kevin Hunt, WA7VTD, 549 to 461 votes. ARRL Field and Educational Services staffers counted the ballots and verified the results May 18 at League Headquarters. A veteran ARRL Field Organization leader who previously served as Oregon SM from 1987 until 1998, Stimson, of Beaverton, accepted appointment as SM last July after Oregon Section ARRL members voted to recall then-SM Marshall Johnson, KK7CW. Seven other sitting ARRL SMs faced no opposition in this election cycle and were declared re-elected. They are Sharon Harlan, N9SH, Illinois; Jim Sellers, K9ZBM, Indiana; Bill Woodhead, N1KAT, Maine; Rudy Hubbard, WA4PUP, Northern Florida; Glenn Thomas, WB6W, Santa Clara Valley; Paul Gayet, AA1SU, Vermont, and Don Michalski, W9IXG, Wisconsin. New two-year terms of office began July 1, 2004. * Correction: A news brief, "FCC designates former amateur's latest GMRS application for hearing" appearing in The ARRL Letter, Vol 23, No 18, (Apr 30, 2004) contained erroneous information regarding the identity of the applicant. The FCC has advised ARRL that the Richard A. Burton of Wyoming, who applied to the FCC for a GMRS license, was not Richard Allen Burton, ex-WB6JAC, of California. Acting on the belief that the application had come from the latter Burton, the FCC mistakenly designated it for hearing, based on the former amateur's lengthy enforcement history with the FCC. Richard Allen Burton of California had filed for a GMRS license last year but subsequently withdrew his application. * Hams in Northern Virginia support airport disaster drill: After months of planning and preparation, more than 100 Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES) volunteer from Northern Virginia's Fairfax, Prince William and Loudoun counties provided emergency communication support May 8 for a mock disaster drill at Dulles International Airport near Washington, DC. The drill scenario consisted of an airplane crash with a fire and included treatment--at the "crash site" and at several area hospitals--and transport of simulated victims. The ARES volunteers set up several portable repeaters on and around the airport grounds to provide communications among agencies attending the crash site, those transporting the injured and participating hospitals. The volunteer radio operators also provided a live Amateur TV link between the crash site and the airport operations center--allowing airport management to monitor the drill's progress. Handheld transceiver-equipped amateurs shadowed selected officials at the crash site to provide instant communications to other temporary operational areas on and around the airport. Amateur Radio volunteers also accompanied the buses transporting ambulatory "victims" to local hospitals, providing voice communications and real-time position data via the Automatic Position Reporting System. Additional ARES members deployed to 10 area hospitals to help coordinate the arrival and departure of simulated victims.--Larry Hughes, K3HE * NASA names new supercomputer after lost Columbia ham-astronaut: NASA will dedicate a new supercomputer in memory of Kalpana "KC" Chawla, KD5ESI. She was one of the seven shuttle Columbia STS-107 mission crew members lost February 1, 2003, as the vehicle was returning to Earth. The May 12 dedication ceremony was held at NASA Ames Research Center in California. The first Indian-born woman to fly in space, Chawla served as a flight engineer and mission specialist aboard Columbia. NASA's naming of the new "Kalpana" supercomputer follows a long tradition at the research center of naming its new supercomputers after pioneers in the supercomputer industry or others in recognition of their achievements. The Columbia STS-107 crew, headed by Commander Rick Husband, also included Pilot Willie McCool and Mission Specialists David Brown, KC5ZTC; Laurel Clark, KC5ZSU; Michael Anderson and Payload Specialist Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli astronaut. * Submarine-based ham station to be on the air: A ham station aboard the Swedish submarine HMS Uppland, SL8SUB, will be on the air this weekend to mark the 100th anniversary of the Swedish Navy's submarine service. Operation will be on CW and SSB, HF and VHF. This will mark the first-ever ham operation from a Swedish sub.--The Daily DX <http://www.dailydx.com/> =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> offers access to news, informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled from The ARRL Letter. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, firstname.lastname@example.org ==>ARRL News on the Web: <http://www.arrl.org/> ==>ARRL Audio News: <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your address for e-mail delivery: ARRL members first must register on the Members Only Web Site <http://www.arrl.org/members/>. You'll have an opportunity during registration to sign up for e-mail delivery of The ARRL Letter, W1AW bulletins, and other material. 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