*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 24, No. 23 June 10, 2005 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * +President Haynie calls House resolution "a fair request" * +First global emergency communications conference set * +California youngsters talk with ISS via ham radio * +Kid's Day II for 2005 is June 18 * +Dayton Hamvention attendance up slightly for 2005 * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This weekend on the radio: The ARRL June VHF QSO Party and more! ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Course registration +NWS meteorologist praises ARES, SKYWARN +FCC invites comments on BPL database manager proposal +CY9SS DXpedition on the air after rough landing Reminder: Armstrong commemorative FM broadcast is June 11 ARRL accepting VU4RBI/VU4NRO cards for DXCC credit DXCC Desk approves operation for DXCC credit Israeli stations to honor Maccabiah Games June 21-July 21 +Available on ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> =========================================================== ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, firstname.lastname@example.org =========================================================== ==>HOUSE RESOLUTION 230 "A FAIR REQUEST," ARRL PRESIDENT SAYS ARRL President Jim Haynie, W5JBP, says House Resolution 230 (HRes 230) represents "a fair request" to the FCC and deserves the support of the US House of Representatives. Sponsored by Rep Mike Ross, WD5DVR, of Arkansas, HRes 230 calls on the FCC to comprehensively evaluate BPL's interference potential incorporating "extensive public review and comment," then to "reconsider and review" its new BPL rules in the light of that public input. Renewing his call for League members to contact their congressional representatives to sign on as cosponors of the non-binding measure, Haynie said Ross's resolution only asks the FCC to do what it should have done in the first place regarding BPL. "What this basically asks the FCC to do is to take another look at their methodology and how they arrived at the conclusions they did," Haynie said. The FCC adopted rules to govern so-called Access BPL last October 14 in ET Docket 04-37. "I think that's a fair request and something that we should do as amateurs to make sure this is done right and without a lot of haste." Haynie says Motorola's announcement of its Powerline LV system suggests the FCC rules can provide much greater protection to radicommunication services without preventing properly engineered BPL systems from going forward. Ross, who is one of two amateur licensees in the US Congress (the other is Rep Greg Walden, W7EQI, of Oregon), introduced HRes 230 on April 21. He told Broadband Over Power Line World (BPLW) recently that he's concerned about potential interference that BPL deployment could generate. (The interview is on the BPLW Web site <http://www.etopiamedia.net/bplw/pages/bplw33-5551212.html>.) "Based on my own knowledge of the unique nature of the high-frequency radio spectrum, I was concerned about the evidence submitted to the Federal Communications Commission that I believe demonstrates the need to postpone any rules regarding BPL deployment," Ross said. He explained that passage of HRes 230 would put the House on record as "supporting a more careful study by the FCC of the radio interference issue, especially as it relates to public safety communication, and reconsideration of the adequacy of the rules in light of this study." While HRes 230 does not specifically address the BPL concerns of the Amateur Radio community, Ross said those concerns were what led him to look more closely at BPL's implications for the public safety community. He noted that the federal interagency emergency SHARES (SHAred RESources) network uses HF, and many states and localities still use the 30-50 MHz "low-VHF" band for public safety communications--spectrum that some BPL pilot projects also have occupied. Ross said BPL interference on HF would be proportional to the extent of the technology's deployment using medium-voltage power lines. "Broadband energy cannot be put on these lines without causing interference to radio receivers using the same frequencies," he explained to BPLW's Marc Strassman. He also said the existing emission limits are "much too high" and never were intended to apply to systems like BPL. Existing BPL systems should be made to conform to future limits, he added. He said BPL's potential to disrupt aviation operations is so great that the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) successfully argued to prohibit Access BPL via medium-voltage power lines on frequencies used by commercial aeronautical communications. Ross also wants the Commission to address "without further delay" the "substantial number" of BPL interference complaints now pending at the FCC. And while he'd like to see his colleagues eventually approve HRes 230, he hopes the FCC will "take the interference issue to heart, whether or not the resolution is adopted." He further expressed the hope that BPL companies will "realize it's in their interest to treat the interference issue as a technical and engineering challenge, not as a political issue." Speaking at Dayton Hamvention in May, Haynie urged individual amateurs to begin participating in the political process. "We've got to ratchet up our presence," he told a forum audience. Haynie said that while ARRL can serve as the unified voice of the national association for Amateur Radio, individual licensees are voters, and lawmakers are quite aware that there are radio amateurs in their districts. Regarding HRes 230 specifically, Haynie said this week that the task at hand is to encourage other House members to sign on as cosponsors of the resolution as the first step toward House adoption. And that's where League members come in, he said. "I really encourage you to contact your congressional representative," Haynie said. "It's listed in the front of almost every phone book who your congressman is. If not, you can go to the United States House of Representatives Web site <http://www.house.gov/> and find out by typing in your ZIP code. I really encourage you to do this because it's important to the future of Amateur Radio." The full text of HRes 230 <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/HTML/plc/filings/hres230/HRes230.pdf> and a sample letter <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/HTML/plc/filings/hres230/HRes230-SampleLtr.doc > are available on the ARRL Web site. Haynie called on members to express their support for the resolution in their own words. To expedite delivery, send all correspondence bound for Members of Congress--preferably as an attachment--to <email@example.com> or fax it to 703-684-7594. The ARRL will bundle correspondence addressed to each Member of Congress for hand delivery. ==>ARRL, IARU TO BE REPRESENTED AT FIRST GLOBAL EMCOMM CONFERENCE The ARRL and the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) will be represented June 13 and 14 at the first Global Amateur Radio Emergency Communications conference (GAREC 2005) <http://kotisivu.mtv3.fi/garec2005/> in Tampere, Finland. ARRL International Affairs Vice President Rod Stafford, W6ROD, will represent both the League and IARU Region 2. Chairing the gathering will be IARU International Coordinator for Emergency Communications Hans Zimmermann, F/HB9AQS. Conference participants will explore all aspects of Amateur Radio's emergency communication role, then prepare and adopt a statement to the International Telecommunication Union 2005 World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). An initiative of the Finnish Amateur Radio Society (SRAL), the conference's location in part pays homage to the Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations. The convention, which became effective January 8, largely eliminates roadblocks to moving telecommunications personnel and equipment across international borders into and within disaster-stricken areas. The conference will include presentations by the Amateur Radio emergency communication services of various countries as well as reports of involvement in recent major disasters, including last December's earthquake and tsunami in South Asia. GAREC 2005 will be held under the patronage of Former ITU Secretary-General Pekka Tarjanne. The RSGB reports that a remotely controlled MT63 HF station will be on the air from the conference site using OH2PO or OH3AG. There's additional information on GAREC 2005 on the IARU Web site <http://www.iaru.org/emergency/garec.html>. ==>SAN DIEGO AREA YOUNGSTERS ENJOY CONTACT WITH NA1SS During a May 24 Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) contact, students in Susan Singleton's class at Coronado Village Elementary School near San Diego asked Expedition 11 flight engineer John Phillips, KE5DRY, about his view of Earth from orbit and the end of the world. "When the sun collapses into itself and becomes a black hole, will it have enough gravity to suck in the other planets?" one student wanted to know. Phillips replied, reassuringly, "Our sun is not big enough to become a black hole." Asked about his view of Earth, he told the students, "Earth is very, very beautiful. In the daytime you see the blue of the ocean, the white snow and tan deserts, and in the night you can see lights and lightning. Just the other day I flew over Coronado and saw the beach and the big hotels." One student asked if the space station's living quarters looked like an apartment. Phillips replied, "It's sort of like an apartment. We have a kitchen, a bathroom and two tiny bedrooms." In view of the fact that ISS astronauts are in space for months at a time, Adam Phillips, the astronaut's nephew, asked, appropriately, how Phillips kept in touch with his family. "I can send and receive e-mail," he replied. "I have weekly video conferences with my wife and two children, and I can even make phone calls some of the time. In fact I'm going to call my brother Nathan and your family one of these days." One envious student asked how to become an astronaut. "Well," Phillips replied, "you start by doing well in school and then going to college and start a career as a scientist, engineer, pilot or a medical doctor." The last question belonged to Mrs Singleton, who was filling in for an absent student. She asked Phillips whether he dreams in space. "I haven't remembered any dreams in space yet," he replied, "but that's normal for me because I hardly ever remember them on Earth, either." ARISS <http://www.rac.ca/ariss> is an international educational outreach with US participation by ARRL, AMSAT and NASA. ==>W1AW, K1D, AO-51, TO BE ON THE AIR FOR KID'S DAY(S) It's the second 2005 running of Kid's Day Saturday, June 18 <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/ead/kd-rules.html>. ARRL Maxim Memorial Station W1AW and perennial Kid's Day special event station K1D will be ready. AMSAT-NA will sponsor its own Kid's Day event Saturday, June 11, on the AO-51 "Echo" satellite. With help from some area youngsters and fellow ARRL staffers, ARRL Education and Technology Program ("The Big Project") Coordinator Mark Spencer, WA8SME, will be at the helm of W1AW for the ARRL Kid's Day event, which runs June 18 from 1800 until 2400 UTC. "Kid's Day is one way that you can share the fun, excitement and learning opportunities of ham radio," Spencer says. "Many hams participate with their own children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews." But while Kid's Day can be a family affair, he encourages radio amateurs to consider inviting families with children from the neighborhood or some of the people you work with and their kids. "Inviting adults and youth may result in future ham radio operators," he points out. The point of Kid's Day, which originated in 1994, is to encourage young people--licensed or not--to enjoy Amateur Radio. Additionally, Kid's Day offers a mentoring opportunity for experienced amateurs while giving youngsters some firsthand ham radio experience and perhaps sparking a lifelong interest. "The personal touch is the most effective way to gain someone's interest in ham radio," Spencer says. "Many of us became involved in the hobby because of a family member, relative or close friend." Participants exchange name, age, location and favorite color. Call "CQ Kid's Day." Suggested frequencies are 14.270-14.300, 21.380-21.400 and 28.350-28.400 MHz, plus 2-meter repeaters with permission from owner/sponsor. Control operators should observe third-party traffic restrictions when making DX contacts. Kid's Day veteran Peter Schipelliti, W1DAD, of Atkinson, New Hampshire, has been operating special event station K1D since June 4. Sponsored by the Atkinson Amateur Radio Club, K1D recognizes Kid's Day and Amateur Radio Awareness Month. K1D will be on the air through 0359 on Sunday, June 19, on or about 14.270, 21.370 and 28.370 MHz. Schipelliti and his wife Jeanne, K1MOM, hope to have their kids on the air for the occasion too. QSL to W1DAD, 7 Dearborn Ridge Rd, Atkinson, NH 03811. All participants are eligible to receive a colorful certificate. Visit the ARRL Kid's Day Survey page <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/ead/kids-day-survey.html> to complete a short survey and post your comments. You will then have access to download the certificate page. Or you can send a 9x12 SASE to Boring Amateur Radio Club, PO Box 1357, Boring, OR 97009. Kid's Day typically attracts more than 1000 youthful participants. It takes place each year on the first Sunday in January and the third Saturday in June. This weekend the AO-51 "Echo" satellite will be on the air and specially configured for AMSAT Kid's Day. AO-51 ground controller and AMSAT-NA Vice President-Operations Mike Kingery, KE4AZN, says the satellite will be available from approximately 1420 UTC on June 11 until approximately 0450 UTC on June 12. "We ask all amateur radio stations to give this short time window to promote satellite operations with kids by actually showing a kid how to make contacts via AO-51, providing a station to contact, or stepping aside to allow others to make contacts with the kids," he said AO-51 will be configured with an uplink frequency of 145.880 MHz, FM voice (note change in frequency for this event) with a 67-Hz tone, and a downlink of 435.300 MHz, FM voice. A free certificate--no SASE needed--is available to any youngster making a successful AMSAT Kid's Day contact. Send a QSL card (or other suitable verification) to Kid's Day Certificate, c/o Michael Kingery, KE4AZN, 1251 County Rd 445, Enterprise, AL 36330 USA. More information on AO-51 and AMSAT Kid's Day is available on the AMSAT Web site <http://www.amsat.org/amsat-new/echo/ControlTeam.php>. ==>DAYTON HAMVENTION REPORTS ATTENDANCE UP SLIGHTLY FOR 2005 Dayton Hamvention 2005 General Chair Gary Des Combes, N8EMO, told ARRL this week that attendance was up by 542 this year over last. The total "official" attendance was 20,411, compared to 19,869 for 2004. "We heard from many exhibitors who sold out of everything they had and were taking orders as early as Saturday noon," Des Combes said. "In fact I was told by several exhibitors that this was their best show ever." The ARRL 2005 National Convention, which Dayton Hamvention hosted, "pushed the bar way up," he added. "Virtually everywhere I turned, people were happy," Des Combes continued, while conceding that the vacancy level in the exhibits area and the flea market "were not what we wanted." He chalked that up in part to high gasoline prices--something beyond the control of Hamvention's planners--and a dearth of smaller computer vendors who no longer can compete with the big box stores. But Des Combes said he was heartened that the vast majority of his e-mail since the show has been positive, "thanking me and expressing how great the show was and they will be definitely be coming back next year," he said. Des Combes expressed confidence that 2006 General Chairman, Jim Nies, WX8F--this year's assistant general chair--will work hard to promote Dayton Hamvention and ARRL and Amateur Radio as well. "I sincerely will miss it, but it is time for me to pass the torch to a new leader," said Des Combes, who stepped into the top job two years ago and guided Hamvention back to an all-volunteer show. "I have accomplished all the goals I set out to do and feel I am going out on top, so now is a good time." Dayton Hamvention 2000--the last year Hamvention hosted an ARRL National Convention--logged 28,804 attendees, up modestly from the previous year. The all-time attendance record for Dayton Hamvention reportedly was 1993, when 33,669 showed up. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Solar Seer Tad "When I Wanted Sunshine, I Got Rain" Cook, K7RA, Seattle, Washington, reports: Sunspot and solar flux readings were up this week, while geomagnetic K and A indexes were down a bit. No big events triggered geomagnetic storms this week, but two big new sunspots--775 and 776--are rotating into a position to affect Earth. Solar flux for June 10-12 is expected to be in the vicinity of 110 to 115. Geomagnetic conditions should be quiet, although the new sunspots are magnetically complex and could hold a surprise. The ARRL June VHF QSO Party is this weekend. The object is to get as many contacts in as many grid squares as possible. Many transceivers these days have 6-meter capability, so it isn't much of a stretch for HF operators lacking a 6 meter antenna to just toss up a dipole at the last minute. A half-wave dipole is only about 9 feet, 3 inches long on 6, and when the band opens up, a simple antenna can do quite well. We're now two weeks away from ARRL Field Day <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rules/2005/rules-fd-2005.html>. The long-range forecast from the US Air Force shows a planetary A index of 20 (a bit high) for both Saturday and Sunday of Field Day weekend, June 25-26. This is probably predicted because of coronal holes and solar wind from the most recent rotation of the sun. More details when we're a bit closer to the event. Sunspot numbers for June 2 through 8 were 69, 55, 74, 77, 89, 94 and 100, with a mean of 79.7. 10.7 cm flux was 93.3, 95.3, 96.9, 105.4, 106, 109.1 and 115.7, with a mean of 103.1. Estimated planetary A indices were 7, 8, 18, 20, 13, 18 and 6, with a mean of 12.9. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 7, 10, 12, 14, 7, 11 and 3, with a mean of 9.1. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This weekend on the radio: The ARRL June VHF QSO Party, the ANARTS WW RTTY Contest, the Portugal Day Contest, the Asia-Pacific Sprint, SSB, the GACW WWSA CW DX Contest, and the REF DDFM Contest are the weekend of June 11-12. JUST AHEAD: The RSGB 80-Meter Club Championship (CW) is June 15. SARL Kid's Day is June 16. The NCC Thursday Sprint is June 17. Kid's Day, The All Asian DX Contest (CW), the SMIRK Contest, the AGCW VHF/UHF Contest, the West Virginia and Quebec QSO parties are the weekend of June 18-19. The RSGB 80-Meter Club Championship (SSB) is June 23. The NCC Thursday Sprint is June 24. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration: Registration for the Technician Licensing course (EC-010) remains open through Sunday, June 12. Classes begin Friday, June 24. With the assistance of a mentor, EC-010 students learn everything they need to know to pass the FCC Technician class license examination. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/> or contact the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Program Department firstname.lastname@example.org. * Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Course registration: Registration for the ARRL Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level II on-line course (EC-002) opens Monday, June 13, at 1201 AM EDT and will remain open until all available seats have been filled or through the June 18-19 weekend--whichever comes first. Class begins Friday, July 1. ***ACT NOW! THIS IS THE FINAL MONTH TO OBTAIN FEDERAL GRANT REIMBURSEMENT!*** Radio amateurs 55 and older are strongly encouraged to participate. Thanks to the Corporation for National and Community Service, the $45 registration fee paid upon enrollment will be reimbursed to students who complete the course requirements and are granted "Passed" status by their mentors on or before August 31. During this registration period, seats are being offered to ARRL members on a first-come, first-served basis. To learn more, visit the ARRL Certification and Continuing Education Web page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/>. For more information, contact Emergency Communications Course Manager Dan Miller, K3UFG, email@example.com; 860-594-0340. * NWS meteorologist praises ARES, SKYWARN: ARRL Minnesota Section Emergency Coordinator Don Franck, AD0F, says he was grateful that Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES) and SKYWARN teams were on the job this week when severe weather struck his area. Franck, who's also an ARRL Emergency Communications Course instructor and mentor, says it got personal for him after a severe storm dropped a wall cloud right into the field next to his home and later spawned a tornado. "Through it all, local ARES members gave freely of their time and vehicles," he said, "driving many miles across three counties to get the best spotting of the super cell thunderstorms." Observers endured one-inch diameter hail, 70 MPH winds and 7 inches of rain. Franck was at the Olmsted County emergency operations center for the occasion. The work of ARES and SKYWARN also drew praise from National Weather Service Warning Coordination Meteorologist Todd Shea in La Crosse, Wisconsin, who offered another example of how storm spotters made a difference during the severe weather June 4. "A storm spotter in Clark County, Wisconsin, correctly reported to us a rotating wall cloud from a cluster of storms moving across central Wisconsin," he said. Shea says the report enabled NWS radar to focus on that storm, leading directly to the issuance of tornado warnings. "We were able to warn the rest of the downstream communities and neighboring county during the approximately 20-mile intermittent tornado path," he said. "A spotter can make a difference. Be proactive, organized, correct, and timely. I can't tell you how much it does make a difference and how much we appreciate the information." * FCC invites comments on BPL database manager proposal: The FCC's Office of Engineering and Technology (OET) is seeking comments on a proposal by the United Telecom Council (UTC) to serve as the Access Broadband over Power Line (BPL) database manager. When the FCC adopted new Part 15 October 14, 2004, in a Report and Order in ET Docket 04-37, it included a requirement to provide a centralized publicly accessible BPL database. Comments are due by June 27. Reply comments are due by July 5. According to an FCC, the BPL database manager must maintain complete, accurate and timely records of FCC-mandated information that Access BPL operators must provide. The database should include the name of the Access BPL provider, frequencies of operation, the postal ZIP codes the BPL operation serves, equipment manufacturer and type, a point of contact for interference inquiries and resolution, and the proposed or actual date of Access BPL operation. The BPL database manager must provide the National Telecommunications Information Administration (NTIA), the Commission and any member of the public access to the database free of charge at all times. Acknowledging that BPL technology "raises concerns of potential interference with incumbent users of the spectrum, and heightens the need for agile and timely interference mitigation techniques," the FCC stipulated establishment of the national BPL database. UTC told the FCC on May 17 that it has designed and implemented a database that will enable Access BPL operators to comply with the notification requirements of the new Part 15 BPL rules, the FCC said. Comments may be filed using the FCC's Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS) <http://www.fcc.gov/e-file/ecfs.html>, and all comments will be available for public inspection.--FCC * CY9SS DXpedition on the air after rough landing: The Daily DX <http://www.dailydx.com/> relays a report from Robby Robertson, VY2SS, that the CY9SS St Paul Island DXpedition crew had a very rough landing this week. While coming ashore, the team lost a generator and three tower sections overboard, and the landing craft's captain hurt his leg. High wind and rain also hampered efforts to set up camp, but CY9SS has been up and running since early on June 8, with early activity on 80, 40 and 20 meter SSB (listening up). The DXpedition, scheduled to continue until July 7, is expecting to be active on all bands. Logs will be posted to the Internet <http://logs.cy9ss.info/>. A second wave of CY9SS operators is currently working its way north. CY9SS plans 6-meter operation. Listen on or about 50.103 MHz. QSL CY9SS via VY2SS, 57 Tranquility Ln, Bloomfield, PEI C0B 1E0 CANADA. There's more info on the CY9SS Web site <http://www.cy9ss.com/>. * Reminder: Armstrong commemorative FM broadcast is June 11: A special commemorative FM broadcast Saturday, June 11, at noon (EDT) will mark the 70th anniversary of Maj Edwin H. Armstrong's first public demonstration of wideband frequency modulation (FM). The transmission, from Experimental Station WA2XMN (reminiscent of Armstrong's W2XMN call sign) will be on Armstrong's original 42.8 MHz frequency and will emanate from his landmark 400-foot Alpine Tower on the Palisades overlooking the Hudson River. The broadcast will be carried both on the air and on the Web <http://www.wfdu.fm/>. Rebroadcasts will take place on the Web June 14 and 16 at 7 PM (EDT), and a recording will be made available for download. Additional information about the commemorative broadcast and the Alpine Tower site is available on the CSC Management Web site <http://www.cscmgt.com/index.html>. * ARRL accepting VU4RBI/VU4NRO cards for DXCC credit: ARRL DXCC Manager Bill Moore, NC1L, says that despite reports to the contrary, the League is accepting VU4RBI/VU4NRO Andaman and Nicobar Islands DXpedition QSL cards for DXCC credit. "A few cards have been rejected on the basis of incomplete information on the cards," he notes. "We apologize for any misunderstanding." Moore says that in the case of QSL cards bearing less-than-complete data (call sign only, missing time and/or date, etc) DXCC must see the actual card at ARRL Headquarters. "This is usual procedure," he explains. "Blank cards and cards missing information are always subject to inspection at Headquarters." He advises operators holding such cards to not attempt to fill in the missing information themselves. "Simply send us the card, and we will try to obtain the fill," he said. DXpedition team leader Bharathi Prasad, VU2RBI, has agreed to supply additional VU4RBI/VU4NRO log information to DXCC. "As always we strive to maintain the highest integrity possible in the DXCC program," Moore said. He advises patience to those expecting a direct QSL. * DXCC Desk approves operation for DXCC credit: The ARRL DXCC Desk has approved this operation for DXCC credit: HZ1EX, Saudi Arabia, October 27, 2004, through December 31, 2005. For more information, visit the DXCC Web page. "DXCC Frequently Asked Questions" can answer most questions about the DXCC program. ARRL DX bulletins are available on the W1AW DX Bulletins page. * Israeli stations to honor Maccabiah Games June 21-July 21: The Israel Amateur Radio Club is sponsoring a special Amateur Radio operation honoring the largest Jewish sport event in the world--the 17th Maccabiah Games--to be held in Tel-Aviv July 10-21. Fourteen Israeli stations with letters in their suffix from which MACCABIAH can be spelled will be active for 30 days starting June 21. A special Award will be available for stations having at least six valid QSOs with the participating special event stations. The operation is valid for all radio amateurs and SWLs around the world. More details can be found at the Maccabiah Games page <http://www.iarc.org/~4z4tl/Maccabiah17_main.htm> or via the IARC Web site <http://www.iarc.org/>.--IARC =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League--The National Association For Amateur Radio--225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Jim Haynie, W5JBP, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential news of interest to active amateurs. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise, and readable. Visit ARRLWeb <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest news, updated as it happens. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> offers access to news, informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled from The ARRL Letter. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): firstname.lastname@example.org ==>Editorial questions or comments: Rick Lindquist, N1RL, email@example.com ==>ARRL News on the Web: <http://www.arrl.org/> ==>ARRL Audio News: <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. 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