*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 26, No. 45 November 9, 2007 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * + WRC-07 Week 3: HF Broadcasting Empty-Handed; No 5 MHz Amateur Allocation * + Motorola to Acquire Controlling Interest in Parent Company of Yaesu * + Remnants of Hurricane Noel Hit Northeastern US * + 2007 ARRL Frequency Measuring Test Scheduled for November * + 500 kHz Experiment Enters Second Season * ARRL HQ Says Hello and Goodbye to Staff Members * + Operations Approved for DXCC Credit * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This Weekend on the Radio ARRL Continuing Education Course Registration + 2007 ARRL Field Day Results Now Online + Get Ready for ARRL Sweepstakes Next Weekend! New Section Manager Appointed in San Diego FCC Releases Broadband Report AARP Endorses Amateur Radio DXCC Blog Notes Frank Stilwell, WB8OFR (SK) ARRL Headquarters Closed for Thanksgiving Holidays +Available on ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> =========================================================== ==>Delivery problems: First see FAQ <http://www.arrl.org/members-only/faq.html#nodelivery>, then e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org> ==>Editorial questions or comments only: S. Khrystyne Keane, <email@example.com> =========================================================== ==> WRC-07 WEEK 3: HF BROADCASTING EMPTY-HANDED; NO 5 MHz AMATEUR ALLOCATION As the International Telecommunication Union's 2007 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) in Geneva headed toward its fourth and final week, the proponents of additional allocations to HF Broadcasting conceded defeat and accepted that there will be no additional allocations made to HFBC at this conference. The slim possibility of a 5 MHz allocation to the Amateur Service also evaporated late Friday evening, according to IARU Secretary David Sumner, K1ZZ. HFBC has been a contentious issue at ITU conferences for decades. At WRC-07, additional HFBC allocations between 4 and 10 MHz were supported by 25 European administrations and a few outside Europe but were strongly opposed by every other regional organization. Opposition to additional HFBC allocations was based mainly on a desire to protect military and other government fixed and mobile communications, although some of the administrations that were the most outspoken opponents of HFBC expansion authorize HFBC stations under their jurisdiction to operate out-of-band in the fixed and mobile allocations. Some HFBC proponents predict that the unsatisfactory outcome of the conference on this issue will lead to even more out-of-band broadcasting. A footnote specifically authorizing administrations to allow amateur stations to use spot frequencies in the 5 MHz range was considered Friday evening (Geneva time) at the Sub Working Group level as one of the last items of business concerning the 4-10 MHz range. The footnote failed to attract sufficient support and was withdrawn from consideration by its sponsor, the European regional organization (CEPT). This has no effect on the administrations that have authorized amateur operations under the no-interference provisions of Radio Regulation 4.4. On a more positive note for radio amateurs, a secondary allocation of 135.7-137.8 kHz to the Amateur Service was approved on first reading in Plenary on Friday afternoon, November 9. This marks the first time since allocations to radio services began that the Amateur Service has had an allocation below the medium wave broadcasting band. The effective date is not yet set, but is likely to be the date of entry into force of the Final Acts of the Conference. Of course, amateurs must wait until their own administrations authorize the new allocation before they can use it. Some administrations, while not wishing to block the international allocation, have indicated a reluctance to implement it in their countries because of various interference concerns. Work continues on the agenda for future WRCs, tentatively scheduled for 2011 and 2015. There are many more proposals for agenda items for the next conference than can be accommodated, so only those with broad support are likely to be included. Committee work on the future agendas is scheduled for completion early next week. Members of the core team of the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) continue to attend the relevant meetings and work the halls on behalf of the amateur and amateur-satellite services. Support from numerous members of national delegations remains a vital component of this effort. On Tuesday evening, November 6, the International Amateur Radio Club, 4U1ITU, held a dinner with a new amateur licensee, ITU Secretary-General Hamadoun Toure, HB9EHT as the guest of honor. There were 43 members and guests present, including WRC-07 delegates from more than a dozen countries -- several heads and deputy heads of delegation among them. The club station is active on the air under the special call sign 4U1WRC. ==> MOTOROLA TO ACQUIRE CONTROLLING INTEREST IN PARENT COMPANY OF YAESU Motorola issued a press release earlier this week stating that its subsidiary, Motorola USA, will "launch a tender offer to acquire a controlling interest in Vertex Standard Co., Ltd." Vertex Standard is the parent company of Yaesu. Upon successful completion of the tender offer and subsequent restructuring process, Motorola will own 80 percent of Vertex Standard; Tokogiken, a privately held Japanese company, controlled by current President and CEO of Vertex Standard Jun Hasegawa, will retain 20 percent, forming a joint venture. The total purchase price for 80 percent of the outstanding shares on a fully diluted basis will be approximately 12.3 billion yen (approximately US $108 million). The bid will start November 6 and end on December 26. If the bid succeeds, shares of Vertex would be delisted from the Jasdaq Securities Exchange in Japan. According to Dennis Motschenbacher, K7BV, Yaesu's Executive Vice President for Amateur Radio Sales in North America, "I thought that the happiest and proudest day of my 45-plus years in Amateur Radio was when I was offered the opportunity to lead the Yaesu North American sales effort; however, being able to now announce this news to my fellow Amateur Radio operators takes over as the top life thrill for me! I am certain the good fortune that put me in this leadership chair at Yaesu now promises opportunities for me to do more for the technological future of Amateur Radio than I ever dreamed possible. I do not pretend to know the full extent of the positive impact this Motorola/Vertex Standard business arrangement will have on Amateur Radio -- I just know it is going to be terrific for all of us who love Amateur Radio for its public service and entertainment value, as well as its potential for us to make lifelong friendships in our neighborhoods and around the world." Saying that hams should not expect to see a line of Motorola Amateur Radio products, Motschenbacher said he sees the joint venture between Motorola and Vertex Standard "as a very good thing for Amateur Radio in general and Yaesu customers in particular. I hope our loyal customers will readily see this business venture for what it is, an opportunity to make a solid 50-plus year old Yaesu company even stronger and more formidable than is already the case. There is absolutely no reason to have the slightest concern about equipment warranties and the continuation of support for our products. I am really excited to see what the joint engineering capabilities of these two huge communications companies will bring in the way of new technology advancement for the Amateur Radio service." Motorola said that the joint venture "will develop and sell Vertex Standard branded products and develop select Motorola branded products. The Motorola brand will continue to focus on higher featured, higher tier products and continue to utilize existing Motorola distribution channels. Vertex Standard's strength in the Amateur, Marine and Airband (Avionics) segments will also provide Motorola with access to new business opportunities. In addition, Vertex Standard's solutions are highly complementary with Motorola's products and will add greater depth and breadth to Motorola's Government and Public Safety business." According to Hasegawa, "The joint venture will give Vertex Standard access to Motorola's global distribution channels, presenting considerable opportunities for Vertex Standard to drive growth. We also expect to reduce costs, as we will benefit from Motorola's global scale and resources. With Motorola, Vertex Standard will be stronger and better positioned to deliver new and innovative 2-way radio solutions for professionals and consumers around the world." Motschenbacher said, "There is a unique aspect of business that comes with Amateur Radio. It's not just about a radio. It's the relationship between the ham, the radio itself and the company that makes that radio. This relationship in Amateur Radio is far different than it is, say, between a buyer of a HDTV, the TV and the TV manufacturer. The relationship in Amateur Radio is far more personal and 'bonding,' per se. I am certain that we will do our utmost to ensure that Motorola understands this delicate bond. Since Motorola is leaving the day-to-day management of Yaesu in the hands of my boss, Jun Hasegawa, President of Vertex Standard, we can expect our longtime relationship with hams to remain intact." Calling the joint venture "a good thing," Motschenbacher said, "Before working in the business side of Amateur Radio, my old business partner and I purchased a number of small companies in our line of business. More often than not, we found that bringing these new acquisitions into our existing family of companies added more to the overall success of the total group than expected. Therefore, I believe that this joint venture is not just a 1 + 1=2 equation -- I am positive that the outcome for our Amateur Radio customers is going to feel more like 1+1= 3 and that's a good thing!" ==> REMNANTS OF HURRICANE NOEL HIT NORTHEASTERN US After slamming into Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Bahamas, Noel (by then an Extratropical Storm) hit portions of Eastern New England November 3. Winds up to hurricane force caused significant tree and power line damage along with minor structural damage. The hardest hit areas were Southeast and East Coastal Massachusetts as well as Southeastern Rhode Island. Noel, which had been a Category 1 hurricane after it passed through the Bahamas, transitioned into a major "Nor'easter" system, passing less than 100 miles southeast of Nantucket Island off the coast of Massachusetts. ARRL Eastern Massachusetts Section Emergency Coordinator and SKYWARN Coordinator for the National Weather Service (NWS) in Taunton, Rob Macedo, KD1CY, stated that ARES, RACES and SKYWARN groups in Eastern Massachusetts were activated Saturday morning. "Activation of SKYWARN started at 7 AM with operations at our NWS Taunton Ham Station, WX1BOX, with weather conditions deteriorating after 10 that morning." Carl Aveni, N1FY, and Phil McLaughlin, KB1CYO, assisted with operations at the NWS Taunton office. With sustained strong winds at 25-35 MPH and gusts up to 60 MPH across Eastern and Southern Coastal Massachusetts and Southeastern Rhode Island that caused damage to trees and power lines, there were pockets of power outages across portions of the region. Conditions on Cape Cod, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard were far worse. Winds gusted well into hurricane force resulting in widespread power outages and structural damage, including damage to trees and power lines. Cape Cod ARES District Emergency Coordinator and Cape Cod Red Cross Communications Officer Frank O'Laughlin, WQ1O, said, "I had a wind gust of 89 MPH at my home in the Marstons Mills section of Barnstable before having my anemometer ripped off the tower and blown several houses down and destroyed." Roof damage to a few structures was reported in Falmouth and Fairhaven, Massachusetts as well as Nantucket Island. The police communications tower in Harwich blew down due to the hurricane force gusts. Roughly 10 VHF/UHF repeaters were utilized during the activation across Eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Eastern Connecticut. The New England VoIP Integrated Conference system, EchoLink Node: 9123/*NEW-ENG* conference server with IRLP reflector 9123, was utilized as a command Net linking various repeaters together using the Internet. The Massachusetts State EOC, as well as Region 1 and Region 2 Offices of Massachusetts Emergency Management serving Eastern Massachusetts, were also on the system. The National Weather Service office in Gray, Maine, WX1GYX, was also active with SKYWARN Operations for Southern Maine and Southeastern New Hampshire; the New England VoIP Integrated Conference system allowed the NWS Forecast Offices in Gray and Taunton to keep in touch. "We recently installed HF at the National Weather Service in Gray and can now have point-to-point communications with the Taunton office through this means," said Tom Berman, N1KTA, weather forecaster and SKYWARN Program Leader for NWS Gray, Maine. Extratropical Noel moved up into the Canadian Maritimes and caused similar conditions over Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. -- Some information provided by ARRL Eastern Massachusetts Section Emergency Coordinator Rob Macedo, KD1CY; Connecticut SKYWARN Coordinator Steve Williams, K1SJW, and Rhode Island SKYWARN Coordinator Martin Mendelson, N1JMA ==> 2007 ARRL FREQUENCY MEASURING TEST SCHEDULED FOR NOVEMBER The 2007 ARRL Frequency Measuring Test (FMT) will take place November 15 (UTC). It will be conducted using essentially the same format as last year's FMT. The 2007 FMT will run November 15 at 0245 UTC (November 14 at 9:45 PM EST). It will replace the W1AW normally scheduled phone bulletin. W1AW Station Manager Joe Carcia, NJ1Q, recommends that those planning to participate listen to W1AW's transmissions prior to the event to determine which band--or bands--will be best for measurement purposes. The FMT will start with a general QST call from W1AW at exactly 0245 UTC, transmitted simultaneously on three amateur frequencies. The approximate frequencies are 1854 kHz, 3583 kHz and 7045 kHz. The test will consist of three 60-second key down transmissions for each band, followed by a series of dits, followed by a station identification. The test will last for approximately 15 minutes and will end with a series of Vs followed by station identification. W1AW will identify before, during and after the transmissions. In addition to the W1AW transmissions, Mike Fahmie, WA6ZTY, will also conduct a West Coast Frequency Measuring Test 30 minutes prior to W1AW. Look for the West Coast transmission around 7045 kHz beginning at 0215 UTC (6:15 PM PST). The transmissions will consist of three 60-second key down periods separated by a station identification. The West Coast FMT will last for approximately 10 minutes total. This year, your report should be submitted via the FMT Report form on the W1AW FMT Web site. Along with your call sign and e-mail address, enter your most accurate measurement on each band and indicate whether you measured the W1AW (or WA6ZTY) signal. There will be a window to list your equipment, describe the method you used to make the measurements and enter any Soapbox comments. There is a slight change in that participants have 14 days to input their data. Both the W1AW and WA6ZTY measured frequencies -- in addition to inputted data -- will be available on the W1AW FMT Web page after the 14 day period. Participants may input their data more than once, although the final entry will be the one used for the results W1AW will post the transmitted frequencies on the FMT Web site following the test. This will allow participants to quickly determine the accuracy of their equipment and methods. An article, "Frequency Measuring Test 2007," by Ward Silver, N0AX, in the November 2007 QST and also available on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/w1aw/fmt/2007/2007FMTSilver.pdf> covers this year's FMT. Additional information about the FMT -- including a list of reference articles and updates to test schedules -- is on the W1AW Frequency Measuring Test Web page < http://www.arrl.org/w1aw/fmt/>. ==> 500 kHz EXPERIMENT ENTERS SECOND SEASON Fall has brought lower static and good propagation, making excellent conditions for the 500 kHz experimenters. The ARRL 500 kHz experimental license, WD2XSH, was issued in September 2006 and has 19 active stations. Project Coordinator for the ARRL-sponsored 500 kHz experiment Fritz Raab, W1FR, said, "We have been joined by a second US experimental license, WE2XGR, with five participants, as well experimenters in the UK, Germany, Sweden and the Czech Republic; operating modes include CW, QRSS, PSK-31, and others. Contacts have been achieved at distances up to 1234 miles. Signals have been received all over North America, Alaska, and Hawaii, and trans-Atlantic reports are not uncommon." The best time to listen is between sunset and sunrise, Raab said. "The operating frequencies are: WD2XSH -- 505.2-510 kHz; WE2XGR -- 505-515 kHz; UK -- 501-504 kHz, and SM, DL, OK -- 505.0-505.2 kHz. Reception reports should be filed at the www.500kc.com Web site so that they become part of our data base." Additional information can be found at the experiment's Web site and also in the July/August 2007 issue of QEX <http://www.arrl.org/qex/2007/07/raab.pdf>. ==> ARRL HQ WELCOMES NEW ASSISTANT EDITOR Steve Sant Andrea, WB2GYK, joined the ARRL Headquarters staff this week as an Assistant Editor, filling the position formerly held by current ARRL News Editor S. Khrystyne Keane, K1SFA. Sant Andrea spends his operating time on HF through 70 cm chasing special event stations, handling traffic and helping out at public service events and participating in Field Day. First licensed as a Novice in 1968 and currently an Amateur Extra class license, he holds a Technology degree from New York Institute of Technology. Before coming to the League he worked as a technical writer producing manuals for equipment ranging from medical CAT scanners to plastic molding machines. He has also prepared documentation for a variety of commercial software products. Sant Andrea is a member of the ARRL and the Northville Amateur Radio Association. Away from the radio, he is interested in photography and American history. He grew up on Long Island and moved to Woodbury, Connecticut about 10 years ago. Wife Rosemary is a docent at the Bellamy-Faraday House in Bethlehem and is a volunteer at the Glebe House in Woodbury, the Southbury Library, and the Connecticut Agency on Aging. They spend their free time visiting historic sites, antiquing, watching the birds at and chasing the squirrels away from the feeder. Production Assistant Joe Shea left the ARRL earlier this month to pursue a career as Library Assistant. Shea, who started at the ARRL almost 20 years ago in the shipping department, oversaw production of QEX and various columns and articles in QST. ARRL Publications Manager Steve Ford, WB8IMY, said, "While we're very sorry to see Joe leave, we wish him all the best in his chosen career path." ==> OPERATIONS APPROVED FOR DXCC CREDIT ARRL DXCC Manager Bill Moore, NC1L, announced earlier this week that all operations from Vlad Bykov's, UA4WHX, last trip have been approved for DXCC credit. These operations include, but may not be limited to, the following: 5X1VB -- Uganda; 9U0VB -- Burundi; 9X0VB -- Rwanda; D20VB -- Angola; D60VB -- Comoros, and J20VB -- Djibouti. Other operations include: 3DA0VB -- Swaziland; 5R8VB -- Madagascar; A25VB -- Botswana; C91VB -- Mozambique; ST2VB -- Sudan; Z2/UA4WHX -- Zimbabwe; V51VV -- Namibia, and OD5/UA4WHX -- Lebanon. If you have any questions concerning these operations, or any questions about the ARRL DXCC program, please e-mail the DXCC Desk <DXCC@arrl.org>. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Tad "And We're Only Several Miles from the Sun" Cook, K7RA, this week reports: A single sunspot (number 973) appeared briefly toward the end of Wednesday, November 6, and then quickly faded. This broke a 29 day stretch of no sunspots, beginning after October 6-7, when a single spot emerged for just two days. Spot 973 was never visible in a geo-effective (squarely facing Earth) position, appearing only in the southwest of the solar disk, destined to shortly rotate away from Earth's view. Sunspot numbers for November 1-7 were 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 11 and 0 with a mean of 1.6. The 10.7 cm flux was 67.3, 67.9, 67.6, 67.7, 67.4, 68.5 and 68.1 with a mean of 67.8. Estimated planetary A indices were 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 1 and 1 with a mean of 2.1. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 4, 1, 2, 2, 1, 0 and 0 with a mean of 1.4. For more information concerning radio propagation, visit the ARRL Technical Information Service Propagation page <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html>. To read this week's Solar Report in its entirety, check out the W1AW Propagation Bulletin page <http://www.arrl.org/w1aw/prop/>. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This Weekend on the Radio: This weekend, the WAE DX Contest (RTTY), the JIDX Phone Contest, the OK/OM DX Contest (CW) and the Kentucky QSO Party, all November 10-11. The CQ-WE Contest is November 10-12 and the SKCC Sprint is November 14. Next weekend, be sure to check out the ARRL November Sweepstakes (SSB) On November 17-19. The YO International PSK31 Contest is on November 16 and the Feld Hell Sprint is November 17. The SARL Field Day Contest, LZ DX Contest, All Austrian 160 Meter Contest and the RSGB 2nd 1.8 MHz Contest (CW) are all scheduled for November 17-18; the NA Collegiate ARC Championship (SSB) is November 17-19. The EU PSK63 QSO Party is November 18, the Run for the Bacon QRP Contest is November 19 and the NAQCC Straight Key/Bug Sprint is November 22. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/>, the ARRL Contester's Rate Sheet <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rate-sheet/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Continuing Education Course Registration: Registration remains open through Sunday, November 18 for these online courses beginning on Friday, December 7: Technician License Course (EC-010), Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level 1 (EC-001), Radio Frequency Interference (EC-006), Antenna Design and Construction (EC-009), Analog Electronics (EC-012) and Digital Electronics (EC-013). To learn more, visit the CCE Course Listing page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/courses.html> or contact the Continuing Education Program Coordinator <firstname.lastname@example.org>. * 2007 ARRL Field Day Results Now Online: The results from this year's Field Day are now available online. ARRL Field Day Manager Dan Henderson, N1ND, said, "I was most pleased to see the all-time record number of participants and reporting stations. Refarming of the bands and the elimination of the code requirements have helped renew on the air activity. Now the challenge for all of us in Amateur Radio is to keep the growth and momentum going." You can find the results in the Members Only section of the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/members-only/contests/results/2007/FD/>. * Get Ready for ARRL Sweepstakes Next Weekend!: Next weekend is the 74th running of the ARRL Sweepstakes Phone contest. This is guaranteed to be full of on-air fun! Make as many contacts as you can in 24 hours of the 30 hour contest period and see how many ARRL/RAC sections you can work (there are 80 total). If you've never tried contesting, or are new to the HF bands, this is one weekend of activity you really don't want to miss! If you work all 80 sections (called a Clean Sweep), you're entitled to purchase a special coffee mug in recognition of your achievement. Make just 100 contacts and you can purchase a commemorative pin; 100 contacts is easier than you may think! Complete rules can be found on page 102 of the October 2007 QST, or on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rules/2007/novss.html>. * New Section Manager Appointed in San Diego: Harry Hodges, W6YOO, of Escondido, California, has been appointed Section Manager of the ARRL San Diego Section, announced ARRL Membership and Volunteer Programs Manager Dave Patton, NN1N, effective November 6. He will complete the term of Mitch Mitchell, K6BK, of San Diego, who stepped down due to personal reasons. Hodges is returning to Section's top position where he served as San Diego Section Manager from late 1993 through early 1994; he has served as Assistant Section Manager since 1994. Hodges' term of office continues until March 31, 2008. Candidates who wish to run for San Diego Section Manager for the term starting in April 2008 need to submit a nominating petition to ARRL Headquarters by December 7, 2007. Please see the ARRL Web site for nominating information <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/org/smterms.html>. * FCC Releases Broadband Report: The FCC has released their latest report summarizing the state of broadband in the US as of December 2006. It shows that by December 2006, Internet-access BPL increased slightly over December 2005, but also shows that it has been decreasing slightly from a peak that occurred sometime around mid-2006. According to the report, Broadband over Powerline ended up with a deployment total of 0.006 percent of the total broadband lines in the US, compared to 0.011 percent at the end of December 2005. You can review the report on The FCC Web site <http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-277784A1.pdf>. * AARP Endorses Amateur Radio: Amateur Radio and the ARRL received a significant public relations boost from the AARP this week. Promoting life-long learning for their members, Susan Ayers Walker wrote "Finding Your Hobby Online" for the AARP Web site. What's the first and most prominent activity listed to keep the mind active and functional? Amateur Radio! Here's what the article had to say: "Long before the internet was created, the Amateur Radio network was the way people from all over the world could connect. Amateur, or ham, Radio operators created vast social networks by talking long distances to other radio enthusiasts, making distant friends and exchanging calling cards. It is this linkage of radio enthusiasts that is ready to help communication flow in case of a disaster or weather emergency. The ARRL, the National Association for Amateur Radio, has an informative website with lots of news and information, plus info on getting started or finding a chapter in your area." You can read more at <http://www.aarp.org/learntech/computers/life_online/finding_your_hobby_ online.html>. * DXCC Blog Notes: ARRL DXCC Manager Bill Moore, keeps a DXCC Blog on the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/blog/DXCC%20Dialog>. In it, he posts news and updates to the ARRL DXCC program. Moore notes that there is a link on the DXCC Web page to a text version of the DXCC list. "To help facilitate those who design programs and databases to track and report DXCC, I have added a new field to this list designated 'Entity Code.' This is the 3-digit code currently used in the computer system to assist in designating entities," he said. To find out more about the ARRL DXCC program, please see the DXCC Web page <http://www.arrl.org/awards/dxcc/>. If you have any questions concerning DXCC or any other ARRL award program, e-mail the DXCC Desk <DXCC@arrl.org>. * Frank Stilwell, WB8OFR (SK): Frank Stilwell III, WB8OFR, of Arlington, Virginia, passed away October 24. He was 50 years old. Stilwell was a Senior Staff Attorney in the FCC's Commercial Wireless Division. A Life Member of the ARRL and a native of Kettering, Ohio, he was one of the founding members of the Far Out Amateur Radio Club of Dayton, well-remembered among Hamvention veterans for its Saturday evening gatherings. * ARRL Headquarters Closed for Thanksgiving Holidays: ARRL Headquarters will be closed November 22 and 23 in observance of Thanksgiving. There will be no W1AW bulletins or code practice transmissions those days. There will also be no "ARRL Letter" or "ARRL Audio News" on Friday. ARRL Headquarters will reopen Monday, November 26 at 8 AM Eastern Standard Time. We wish everyone a safe and bounteous Thanksgiving holiday. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League: ARRL--the National Association for Amateur Radio, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Joel Harrison, W5ZN, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential and general news of interest to active radio amateurs. Visit the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest Amateur Radio news and news updates. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> also offers informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled and edited from The ARRL Letter. It's also available as a podcast from our Web site. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. 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