*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 26, No. 47 November 30, 2007 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * + Hams and the National Weather Service: Working Together for SKYWARN Recognition Day * + Five New and Five Returning Section Managers Take Office January 1 * + New Mexico Hams Assist with Thanksgiving Week Wildfire * + ARRL 160 Meter Contest (CW) This Weekend * + FCC Revokes Amateur License of California Ham * + ARISS Antennas Set to Launch on NASA Mission in December * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This Weekend on the Radio ARRL Continuing Education Course Registration + The Ninth Edition of the ARRL Operating Manual Hits the Bookshelves + FCC Clears Florida Ham Plan Today For Your School to Have an ARISS Contact 500 kHz Experiment Charting New Territory Developer of Hurricane Intensity Scale Dies at 90 Nominations Close December 31 for the 2007 ARRL International Humanitarian Award Leonard Award Nominations Due December 7 +Available on the ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> =========================================================== ==>Delivery problems: First see FAQ <http://www.arrl.org/members-only/faq.html#nodelivery>, then e-mail <email@example.com> ==>Editorial questions or comments only: S. Khrystyne Keane, <firstname.lastname@example.org> =========================================================== ==> HAMS AND THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE: WORKING TOGETHER FOR SKYWARN RECOGNITION DAY The Ninth Annual SKYWARN Recognition Day recognizes Amateur Radio operators for their commitment to help keep communities safe. Co-sponsored by the ARRL and the National Weather Service (NWS), the event is scheduled for Saturday, December 1. During this 24 hour special event, Amateur Radio operators, working together with their local NWS offices, will activate Amateur Radio stations and work as a team to contact other hams across the world. "This is a fun event," said ARRL Media and Public Relations Manager Allen Pitts, W1AGP. "For 364 days of the year, hams aid in providing the NWS offices with real-time information on severe weather when people and property are at risk. But this one day is for fun, friendship and recognition of the critical services given to communities by the hams." Scott Mentzer, N0QE, organizer of the event and Meteorologist-In-Charge at the NWS office in Goodland, Kansas, concurred. "Radio amateurs are a tremendous resource for the National Weather Service. These folks are dedicated, and the assistance they provide throughout the year is invaluable. SKYWARN Recognition Day is our way of saying thank you." In 2006, 90 NWS offices across the country participated and logged more than 16,000 radio contacts, according to Goodland's Warning Coordination Meteorologist David Floyd, N5DBZ. In typical SKYWARN operations during severe weather, direct communication between mobile spotters and local NWS offices provides critical "ground truth" information for forecasters. In summer, spotter reports of hail size, wind damage and storm rotation in real time greatly assist the radar warning operator, since that information can be correlated with Doppler radar displays. In winter, snow nets are held, where reports of snow totals, ice accumulations and whiteout conditions in blowing snow help NWS forecasters assess the extent and severity of winter storms. In recent years during wildfire situations, Amateur Radio operators have reported the precise locations of thick smoke and zero visibility, allowing forecasters to provide crucial weather updates to fire fighters. "NWS offices utilize the real-time reporting of weather events to assist in warning operations, but certainly hurricanes Katrina and Rita have shown us that ham radio operators are equally important during the recovery phase of large-scale natural disasters," Floyd pointed out. He also cited the example of the Hurricane Watch Net (HWN). He notes that the HWN, organized in 1965 during Hurricane Betsy, started out as an informal group of amateurs but has since developed a formal relationship with the National Hurricane Center (NHC) in Miami via its Amateur Radio station WX4NHC. Ham radio operators and volunteers at Miami work together when hurricanes threaten to provide real-time weather data and damage reports to the Hurricane Center's forecasters. For more information on SKYWARN Recognition Day, including a list of participating NWS offices, QSL card and certificate information, please see the NWS Web site <http://www.crh.noaa.gov/hamradio/index.php>. ==> FIVE NEW AND FIVE RETURNING SECTION MANAGERS TAKE OFFICE JANUARY 1 Five new Section Managers will take office January 1, 2008 in Alabama, Alaska, East Bay, New Mexico and Tennessee. The Kansas, Western Massachusetts, Delaware, Santa Barbara and Michigan Sections will continue with their current leadership. Ballots were counted November 20 at ARRL Headquarters. In Alaska, Jim Larsen, AL7FS (ex-WA0LPK), of Anchorage, was declared the winner with 180 votes. He outpolled incumbent Section Manager David Stevens, KL7EB, who received 54 votes. Larsen is active with the Anchorage Amateur Radio Club where he is Vice President. He has also served as the club's President for three years and as newsletter editor for four years. Larson is also founder of the Alaska QRP Club and is a member of the A-1 Operator Club. In Tennessee, Glen Clayton, W4BDB, of Cleveland, garnered 795 votes, and Jack R. Green, AD4LP, had 188 votes. Clayton has been licensed since 1962, and is a founding member and President of the Cleveland Amateur Radio Club. He participates in emergency communications and training and is also active in Army MARS. Alabama, East Bay, and New Mexico will also have new Section Managers starting on New Year's Day. Jay Isbell, KA4KUN, of Bessemer, Alabama, is taking over the reins as Section Manager from Greg Sarratt, W4OZK, who was recently elected as the Southeastern Division Director. James Latham, AF6AQ, of Livermore, California, will be the new East Bay Section Manager. He takes over from Ti-Michelle Connelly, NJ6T, who did not run for another term of office; Connelly has been Section Manager since July 2003. Donald Wood, W5FHA, of Albuquerque, succeeds Bill Weatherford, KM5FT, as the New Mexico Section Manager. Weatherford has served as Section Manager since July 2003. The following incumbent ARRL Section Managers did not face opposition and were declared elected for their next terms of office beginning January 1, 2008: Kansas -- Ron Cowan, KB0DTI; Western Massachusetts -- Ed Emco, W1KT; Delaware -- Frank T. Filipkowski, Jr, AD3M; Santa Barbara -- Robert Griffin, K6YR, and Michigan -- Dale Williams, WA8EKF. ==> NEW MEXICO HAMS ASSIST WITH THANKSGIVING WEEK WILDFIRE A 7500 acre wildfire erupted on Ojo Peak, part of the Manzano Mountains in the Cibola National Forest, southeast of Albuquerque, on Monday, November 19. Two days later, five New Mexico County ARES Groups were activated in support of the Torrance County Emergency Management Agency. Hams assisted by providing emergency communications for the American Red Cross evacuation shelters, Torrance County Dispatch and the County's fire units in the rugged terrain. Arlene Perea, Fire Information Officer for the Cibola National Forest, said the cause has not been determined but that authorities have ruled out lightning. She said officials have not determined if the fire was intentionally set or the result of negligence, but they're trying to get some information about people who came off of trailheads. According to reports, approximately 90 families were forced to evacuate from their homes and seven structures were burned, including three homes. A few outbuildings suffered major damage. Torrance County Emergency Manager John Cordova, KE5RNB, activated ARES, along with ARES Emergency Coordinator for Torrance County Daryl Clutter, NX5W. Socorro County ARES provided their communications trailer and Sandoval County ARES brought their mobile command unit. The Tapia Mesa, Sandoval County and Upper Rio FM Society 2 meter repeaters were utilized for this event. In addition to providing emergency communications to Torrance County, ARES personnel assisted a portable kitchen that was sent by a church group to the American Red Cross evacuation center in Mountainair, 10 miles from the fire. It started to snow in the Manzano Mountains early on Thanksgiving Day. This snow, along with water tankers from California and efforts of the fire fighters in difficult terrain, helped to contain the fire. According to the US Forest Service, the fire is 60 percent contained. Since a major part of the fire is in wilderness areas, it won't be fully contained until what Perea calls "a good snowfall" comes. ==> ARRL 160 METER CONTEST (CW) THIS WEEKEND Have you ever thought about working 160 meters? This weekend will give you a great opportunity to do just that, during the ARRL 160 Meter Contest. This contest, which is CW-only, is great for both new and experienced General and Extra class licensees, as Generals have privileges on the complete 160 meter band. US and Canadian stations, as well as all US territories in the Caribbean and Pacific, will try to work as many US states, Canadian provinces and DX as they can! In this contest, Alaska and Hawaii are considered US states, and not DX (in some contests, Alaska and Hawaii are considered DX). While it certainly helps to have a big antenna, you'd be surprised what you can work with smaller antennas. ARRL Contest Branch Manager Sean Kutzko, KX9X, said, "I've worked hundreds of stations (including some DX) on 160 meters from my old location in Illinois with just 100 W and a 40 meter dipole run through an antenna tuner!" ARRL Contributing Editor H. Ward Silver, N0AX, might have an antenna solution for your 160 meter woes. He says you don't have to have a 250-foot dipole 300 feet in the air to have fun on 160. There are a number of tricks you can do with antennas cut for higher frequency bands. If you have an antenna for 80 meters or 40 meters, he recommends tying both conductors of the feedline together and connecting them to the ungrounded terminal of an antenna tuner output. The ground of your station can act as the counterpoise. This is an old and useful trick to get on Top Band for a weekend. You can also extend any antenna by simply clipping a length of wire to it near the end. For a dipole, attach the wire or wires at the end insulators. For verticals, clip the wire on at the top of the antenna - you can make a dandy inverted-L this way. A random-wire stretched out over the bushes and trees will probably play a lot better than you expect. Use an antenna analyzer or your transmitter set to very low power levels to adjust your tuner. If you can't get the SWR very low, just reduce power output from your transmitter. Modern transmitters can output 10 W or so at high SWR and SWR losses in the feed line are very low on 160 meters. Use your ham ingenuity to get on the air this weekend and start collecting QSOs for your 160 meter Worked All States Award. The best times for stations using low-power and compromise antennas is probably after 10 or 11 PM (local time) when the regional activity is at its peak. There will also be a "dawn enhancement" just before sunrise when stations to the west, where the path is in darkness, become quite strong for 30 minutes or so. Here at the bottom of the solar cycle, conditions will probably be quite good. See what you can accomplish -- you will probably be quite pleasantly surprised! The ARRL 160 Meter Contest begins Friday November 30 at 2200 UTC and runs until Sunday, December 2 at 1600 UTC. Get on the air and work some stations on one of the most enigmatic bands used in Amateur Radio. ==> FCC REVOKES AMATEUR LICENSE OF CALIFORNIA HAM The FCC issued an Order of Revocation to Robert D. Landis, N6FRV, on Tuesday, November 20. The Commission said that "[b]ased on the evidence of his convictions for child molestation, we conclude that Mr. Landis lacks the basic requisite character qualifications to be and remain a Commission licensee." Landis was convicted on two felony counts in 1991, fined $10,000 and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He received his call sign April 1, 1999; it was set to expire on November 1, 2006. According to the ARRL VEC, Landis filed for an address change and a renewal of his license on August 6, 2007, still within the two year grace period; the application was withdrawn on September 27. In August 2006, the FCC issued an Order to Show Cause (OSC) to determine whether Landis would be allowed to continue to hold his Advanced class license. The Order was in response to a complaint pointing out Landis's conviction for lewd behavior involving a minor. For several years now, the FCC has applied character standards once reserved for broadcast licensees to Amateur Radio licensing and renewal cases. The FCC received a complaint against Landis on October 5, 2005, alleging he had been convicted of child molestation and was now living in a mental hospital; after Landis had served his sentence, he was confined to a mental hospital by the State of California "pursuant to a civil commitment," the Order of Revocation stated. Based on this information, the FCC began an investigation and confirmed that on October 28, 1991, the Superior Court of California, County of Riverside, convicted Mr. Landis of two counts of a lewd act with a child under the age of fourteen years old. The Court sentenced Mr. Landis to a term of eleven years in state prison and fined him $10,000. On January 11, 2001, Mr. Landis reported a change of address from 313 E. Francis Street, Corona, California to 10333 El Camino Real, Atascadero, California. The latter address is the locale of the Atascadero State Hospital. At all times while Mr. Landis was an amateur licensee, the Commission has required that such licensees adhere to certain standards that are set forth in the Commission's character policy statement," the OSC said. Section 312(a)(2) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, provides that the FCC may revoke any license if "conditions com[e] to the attention of the Commission which would warrant it in refusing to grant a license or permit on the original application." The character of the applicant is among those factors that the FCC considers in its review of applications. In assessing character qualifications in broadcast licensing matters, the FCC considers, as relevant, "evidence of any conviction for misconduct constituting a felony." The Commission has found that "[b]ecause all felonies are serious crimes, any conviction provides an indication of an applicant's or licensee's propensity to obey the law" and to conform to provisions of both the Act and the agency's rules and policies. In addition, certain felonies involving egregious misconduct "might, of its own nature, constitute prima facie evidence that the applicant lacks the traits of reliability and/or truthfulness necessary to be a licensee." The Order of Revocation said that the sentencing court in California found Landis to be "a sexually violent predator who is a danger to others." The FCC has consistently applied these broadcast character standards to applicants and licensees in the Amateur Radio Service. Thus, the FCC believes, felony convictions -- especially those involving sexual assault on children -- raise questions regarding an amateur licensee's qualifications. Before revoking a license, the FCC must serve the licensee with an Order to Show Cause for the licensee to prove why the license should not be revoked; the Commission must also provide the licensee with an opportunity for hearing. "Consequently, we [the FCC] hereby designate the matter for hearing before a Commission administrative law judge to provide Mr. Landis with an opportunity to demonstrate why his license should not be revoked," the OSC said. Landis was given 30 days (from August 31, 2006) to respond to the OSC, filing a written appearance stating he will appear for the hearing on the date specified by the FCC and "present evidence on the issues specified herein." If Landis failed to "timely file a written appearance within the thirty (30)-day period, or has not filed a petition to accept, for good cause shown, a written appearance beyond the expiration of the thirty (30)-day period, the right to a hearing shall be deemed to be waived. Where a hearing is waived, the presiding administrative law judge shall, at the earliest practicable date, issue an order terminating the hearing proceeding and certifying the case to the Commission." A copy of the OSC was sent via certified mail, return receipt requested, to Landis at the Atascadero State Hospital. The Presiding Judge in the case determined that Landis did receive the OSC, but had failed to file the written notice to appear. Landis, however, sent "separate letters to the Chief of the Enforcement Bureau and the Presiding Judge, stating that he could not appear for the hearing due to his confinement in a mental hospital, and that he would not retain an attorney." The Presiding Judge ruled these letters insufficient to constitute a written appearance, but recommended that they be considered "written statement[s]...denying or seeking to mitigate or justify the circumstances or conduct complained of in the [OSC]." Accordingly, the Presiding Judge concluded that Mr. Landis had waived his right to a hearing, terminated the hearing proceeding and certified the case to the Commission for disposition. According to the Order of Revocation, Landis "fully acknowledges his felony child molestation convictions and confinement to a mental hospital, but asserts that his record as a war veteran and an amateur licensee demonstrate his good character. He further contends that his conviction is old." The FCC disagreed, calling Landis's felony convictions "heinous." The FCC continued, noting that even though Landis's conviction was in 1991 and "[t]he 1986 Character Policy Statement provides a ten-year limitation on considerations of allegations of misconduct, it does not limit consideration of adjudicated misconduct that has already been litigated. Consistent with this precedent, the Commission previously has considered adjudicated misconduct in its cases as appropriate in evaluating a Licensee's character qualifications." The Order of Revocation went on to state that the FCC believes that Landis's "correspondence does not deny or justify the misconduct complained of in the OSC. Rather, his continued confinement as a sexually violent predator demonstrates that neither his assertions regarding his character nor the passage of time have sufficiently rehabilitated him to mitigate his past misconduct. Thus, we find that Mr. Landis does not possess the character qualifications required by this Commission to be or remain a licensee...Accordingly, we conclude, as a matter of law, that Mr. Landis's above-captioned license should be revoked." Unless Landis files a petition for reconsideration or application for review within 30 days of the release of the Order of Revocation (released November 20, 2007, making the petition due December 20, 2007), his revocation is effective December 30, 2007, 40 days after the release of the Order of Revocation. ==> ARISS ANTENNAS SET TO LAUNCH ON NASA MISSION IN DECEMBER Columbus , the laboratory built by the European Space Agency (ESA), is now packed inside space shuttle Atlantis' payload bay. It is the culmination of years of design and engineering work aimed at creating Europe's primary component for the International Space Station (ISS). At 23 feet long and 15 feet in diameter, the cylindrical segment is designed to host specialized experiments examining how humans react to microgravity and the effect of space on various fluids and objects such as crystals. Two Amateur-Radio-on-the-International-Space-Station (ARISS) antennas have been installed on the nadir side of Columbus. NASA is currently planning on a launch date of Thursday, December 6 for Atlantis. According to ARRL ARISS Program Manager Rosalie White, K1STO, "The ARISS-Europe Team is holding weekly meetings to determine what the ARISS International Team should have for a station in the Columbus module. The Europeans will need to begin fundraising for the multiple sets of equipment, such as the on-orbit equipment, the required back-up on-orbit equipment and the test equipment. Some portions of the equipment system can be purchased, but much of it would need to be built. Once the team purchases or builds the equipment, next comes the special testing (individual equipment tests plus an end-to-end test) for space (probably by ESA), getting the equipment certified (also probably by ESA) and finally manifesting the system for launch. All of that will take many months and help from ARISS volunteers from many countries." The mission, STS-122, will bring seven astronauts to the ISS: Commander Stephen N. Frick, KD5DZC; Pilot Alan G. Poindexter; Mission Specialist Rex J. Walheim; Mission Specialist Stanley G. Love; Mission Specialist Leland D. Melvin; Mission Specialist Hans Schlegel of Germany, and Mission Specialist/Expedition 16 Flight Engineer Leopold Eyharts, KE5FNO, of France. Earlier this week, ISS Commander Peggy Whitson and Flight Engineer Dan Tani, KD5DXE, installed the Centerline Berthing Camera System that will be used for visual cues in the installation of the Columbus module to the Harmony connecting node. Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, RK3DUP, is also on board. Tani is due to depart the ISS when Atlantis returns to Earth; Eyharts will take his place. Earlier this year, the ARISS antennas successfully passed electrical and SWR tests, with one of the two antennas, Antenna 42, going through a final test -- a thermal test under vacuum. Based on modeling, engineers have no fear the antenna will pass with flying colors. Columbus will house an additional Amateur Radio station, including the first digital Amateur Radio TV (DATV) station in space, as well as a ham radio transponder. The yet-to-be-built Columbus amateur gear will facilitate operation on new frequencies that will make it possible for ARISS to establish wideband and video operations for the first time and allow continuous transponder operation. At the ARISS International conference last year in San Francisco, Graham Shirville, G3VZV, speaking on behalf of ARISS-Europe, outlined plans for a mode L/S ham radio transponder as well as a DATV downlink on S1 band (2.4 GHz). "So, future ARISS contacts could have pictures as well as sound," Shirville told the delegates. ARISS-Europe is looking at a 10 W transmitter and a signal bandwidth of from 4 to 8 MHz. Since the Columbus module will be some distance from the other two ARISS stations, parallel operation will be possible. Atlantis' mission to the ISS is scheduled to last 11 days. On flight day 4, Walheim and Schlegel's main task will be to prepare the Columbus module for installation on Harmony. They will install the Power Data Grapple Fixture on Columbus, which will allow the space station's robotic arm to grab the module and move it from the shuttle's payload bay to Harmony. On flight day 8, Walheim and Love will install two payloads on Columbus' exterior: SOLAR, an observatory to monitor the sun, and the European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF) which will carry eight different experiments requiring exposure to the space environment. Funding to finish and install ham radio antennas on Columbus has been uncertain; however. ARISS Vice Chairman Gaston Bertels, ON4WF, says donations from various sources covered a payment of 9000 Euros (approximately $12,000) in March. Donations already have come in from the ARRL Foundation, AMSAT-NA and AMSAT-UK, among other organizations, as well as from many individual donors. According to Bertels, there is still a funding shortfall of 14,000 Euros (approximately $20,000 USD). To help out, PayPal donations are being accepted. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Tad "I Don't Wanna Holiday in the Sun" Cook, K7RA, this week reports: Sunspots appeared over several days in the past week. November 24-27 had daily sunspot numbers of 15, 12 and 11. Otherwise, the sun has been blank. In the previous reporting period, November 15-21, there were only two days with sunspots and the daily sunspot numbers on both days were 13. The result is the average daily sunspot number from the previous reporting period to the current (November 22-28) reporting period rose from 3.7 to 5.4. Sunspot numbers for November 22 through 28 were 0, 0, 15, 12, 11, 0 and 0 with a mean of 5.4. The 10.7 cm flux was 69.7, 70, 71.3, 70.7, 71.5, 71.4 and 71.2 with a mean of 70.8. Estimated planetary A indices were 13, 10, 12, 11, 8, 4 and 3 with a mean of 8.7. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 6, 8, 8, 8, 6, 5 and 3 with a mean of 6.3. There were no days with geomagnetic storms, and geomagnetic conditions should be quiet over the near term. The next recurring solar wind stream is expected December 17. Expect more weeks of no sunspots, with occasional appearances for a few days at a time. The US Air Force predicts a planetary A index of 5 for the next 10 days. For the week, Geophysical Institute Prague predicts quiet geomagnetic conditions for today, November 30, quiet to unsettled December 1 and back to quiet conditions for December 2-6. For more information concerning radio propagation, visit the ARRL Technical Information Service Propagation page <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html>. To read this week's Solar Report in its entirety, check out the W1AW Propagation Bulletin page <http://www.arrl.org/w1aw/prop/>. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This Weekend on the Radio: This weekend, ARRL 160 Meter Contest (CW) is November 30-December 2. The TARA RTTY Melee and the Wake-Up! QRP Sprint are both December 1. The TOPS Activity Contest is December 1-2 and the ARS Spartan Sprint is December 4. Next weekend, the ARRL 10 Meter Contest is December 8-9. The SKCC Sprint and the NAQCC Straight Key/Bug Sprint are both scheduled for December 12. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/>, the ARRL Contester's Rate Sheet <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rate-sheet/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Continuing Education Course Registration: Registration remains open through Sunday, December 9, 2007 for these online courses beginning on Friday, December 21, 2007: Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level 2 (EC-002); Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level 3 (EC-003R2); Antenna Modeling (EC-004); HF Digital Communications (EC-005); VHF/UHF -- Life Beyond the Repeater (EC-008), and Radio Frequency Propagation (EC-011). To learn more, visit the CCE Course Listing page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/courses.html> or contact the Continuing Education Program Coordinator <email@example.com>. * The Ninth Edition of the ARRL Operating Manual Hits the Bookshelves: The ninth edition of The ARRL Operating Manual for Radio Amateurs is now available for purchase. According to ARRL Publications Manager and QST Editor Steve Ford, WB8IMY, "This flagship book has had a most extensive update. About 80 percent of the book was completely rewritten." If you're an active ham radio operator, you probably have a story about your first radio contact. Many hams remember that experience even more than their first license examination. That's because operating is fun and exciting! This edition is the most complete book about Amateur Radio operating. It was written to help guide hams, both expert and novice, through the dozens of ways amateurs communicate with each other. It also contains reference information that every ham needs. The Operating Manual includes such topics as VHF/UHF -- FM, Repeaters, Digital Voice and Data, SSB and CW; Emergency Communications; Traffic Handling; DXing; Contesting; HF Digital Communications; Image Communications; Amateur Satellites; FCC Rules and how they affect Amateur Radio operators; Operating Awards, and References, including a call sign prefix list, antenna bearing maps, abbreviations and much more. * FCC Clears Florida Ham: On Monday, November 26, the FCC released a letter clearing Raymond W. Czyzewski Jr, WA2SEI, of Interlachen, Florida, of allegations he had caused interference and had sent threatening communication. On September 14, the FCC's Enforcement Bureau notified Czyzewski of a complaint alleging he "interfere[d] on the Six Meter Amateur band on June 19, 2007. The complaint also enclosed a threatening communication apparently from you to the complainant subsequent to the incident." Czyzewski was given 20 days to respond and was directed to "support your response with a signed and dated affidavit or declaration under penalty of perjury, verifying the truth and accuracy of the information submitted in your response." Czyzewski replied on September 24, according to the FCC, "and fully explained the operation on the date cited in the complaint." The Commission accepted Czyzewski's response and found "that no enforcement action is appropriate." * Plan Today for Your School to Have an ARISS Contact: According to ARRL ARISS Program Manager Rosalie White, K1STO, a record number of Amateur Radio on the International Space Station school contacts have been made in 2007 -- 74, to be exact. This is nearly twice the highest number of school contacts the astronauts and the ARISS Team handled in previous years. "Though the ARISS Team's expectations are a little lower for being able to achieve this level of contact activity in 2008, this is a good time to file an application and begin making preparations for your school to have an ARISS contact," White said. The 2007 Amateur Radio activity was led by the energetic participation of astronauts Sunita Williams, KD5PLB, and Clay Anderson, KD5PLA. They have significantly reduced the backlog of schools waiting for a contact. The ARISS Team plans to award a Certificate of Appreciation to Anderson. The astronaut set a new record for ARISS school contacts. White said, "A successful ARISS contact with a school in Quebec was the 39th contact made by Expedition 15 crew members, surpassing the record set by the Expedition 12 crew for the most contacts made during an ISS expedition." The ARISS school application, as well as instructions for completing and submitting all necessary materials, can be found at the ARISS Web site <http://www.rac.ca/ariss/arissapp.htm>. You will find that one portion of the application asks for a few paragraphs about the robust educational activities that you hope to complete revolving around the school contact. These would be lessons the students would take part in before, during and after the school contact. If you need ideas, you can get lesson plans related to ham radio, technology and space from the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/tbp/>, or you can contact ARISS volunteer Rita Wright, KC9CDL, via e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org> for space-related lesson plans. * 500 kHz Experiment Charting New Territory: The evening of November 13 saw the first transatlantic contact on 500 kHz between amateur experimental stations. US experimental station WE2XGR/2 (Jay Rusgrove, W1VD, in Connecticut) and GI4DPE (Finbar O'Connor, EI0CF, in Northern Ireland) communicated by standard-speed CW for about 15 minutes. On that same night, US experimental stations WD2XSH/12 (Mike Mussler, AI8Z, in Colorado) and WD2XSH/20 (Rudy Severns, N6LF, in Oregon) made the first contact in the western half of the USA. Two days later, WE2XGR/2 and GI4DPE repeated their feat and WD2XSH/12 had contacts with WD2XSH/6 (Pat Hamel, W5THT, in Mississippi) and WD2XSH/13 (John Oehlenschlager, K0JO, in Minnesota). The ARRL 500 kHz experimental license, WD2XSH, was issued in September 2006 and has 19 active stations. Fritz Raab, W1FR, of Vermont, serves as experimental project manager for The 500 KC Experimental Group for Amateur Radio <http://www.500kc.com/>. * Developer of Hurricane Intensity Scale Dies at 90: Herbert Saffir, an engineer who created the five-category system used to describe hurricane strength and warn millions of an approaching storm's danger, died Wednesday, November 21. He was 90. A structural engineer, Saffir created his scale in 1969 -- laying out for the first time what kind of damage could be expected from an approaching hurricane. It has since become the definitive way to describe intensity for storms that form in the Atlantic and parts of the Pacific. Before the scale, hurricanes were simply described as major or minor. Saffir's innovation was ranking storm destruction by type, from Category 1 -- where trees and unanchored mobile homes receive the primary damage, to Category 5 -- the complete failure of roofs and some structures. The five descriptions of destruction were then matched with the sustained wind speeds producing the corresponding damage. Saffir's scale was expanded by former National Hurricane Center director Robert H. Simpson and became known as the Saffir-Simpson scale in the 1970s. Simpson added possible storm surge heights for each category, and the hurricane center staff made a small adjustment to the scale's wind speeds. -- Some information from the Associated Press * Nominations Close December 31 for the 2007 ARRL International Humanitarian Award: The ARRL International Humanitarian Award is dedicated to an amateur or amateur group devoted to promoting human welfare, peace and international understanding through Amateur Radio. The League established the annual prize to recognize Amateur Radio operators who have used ham radio to provide extraordinary service to others in times of crisis or disaster. The ARRL International Humanitarian Award recognizes our unique role in international communication, and the assistance we regularly provide to people in need throughout the world. Amateur Radio is one of the few telecommunication services that allow people throughout the world from all walks of life to meet and talk with each other, thereby spreading goodwill across political boundaries. A committee appointed by the League's President recommends an award recipient to the ARRL Board of Directors, which makes the final decision. The committee is now accepting nominations from Amateur Radio, governmental or other organizations that have benefited from extraordinary service rendered by an Amateur Radio operator or group. Nominations must include a summary of the nominee's actions that qualify the individual or group for this award plus verifying statements from at least two individuals having first-hand knowledge of the events warranting the nomination. These statements may be from an official of a group (for example, the American Red Cross, The Salvation Army, a local or state emergency management official) that benefited from the nominee's particular Amateur Radio contribution. Nominations should include the names and addresses of all references. All nominations and supporting materials for the 2007 ARRL International Humanitarian Award must be submitted in writing in English to ARRL International Humanitarian Award, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111 USA. In the event that no nominations are received, the committee itself may determine a recipient or decide to make no award. Please see the award's Web page <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/awards/humanitarian.html > to check the terms of reference and find the directions to follow for nominations. The award winner receives an engraved plaque, and is profiled in QST and other ARRL venues. * Leonard Award Nominations Due December 7: This annual award honors a professional journalist whose outstanding coverage in TV, radio, print or multimedia best reflects the enjoyment, importance and public service value of Amateur Radio. The award was created as a tribute to the late CBS News President Bill Leonard, W2SKE. He was an avid Amateur Radio operator, and most active on the air during the 1960s and 1970s. Nominations are judged by members of the League's PR Committee, and the final decision is made during the ARRL Board meeting in January. The winner receives an engraved plaque and a cash award of $500. For more information, please see page 52 of the November issue of QST or visit the Web page <http://www.arrl.org/pio/contact/2007/10/#leonard>. =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League: ARRL--the National Association for Amateur Radio, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Joel Harrison, W5ZN, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential and general news of interest to active radio amateurs. Visit the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest Amateur Radio news and news updates. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> also offers informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled and edited from The ARRL Letter. It's also available as a podcast from our Web site. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter/American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: S. Khrystyne Keane, K1SFA, firstname.lastname@example.org ==>ARRL News on the Web: <http://www.arrl.org/> ==>ARRL Audio News: <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your address for e-mail delivery: ARRL members first must register on the Members Only Web Site <http://www.arrl.org/members/>. You'll have an opportunity during registration to sign up for e-mail delivery of The ARRL Letter, W1AW bulletins, and other material. To change these selections--including delivery of The ARRL Letter--registered members should click on the "Member Data Page" link (in the Members Only box). Click on "Modify membership data," check or uncheck the appropriate boxes and/or change your e-mail address if necessary. (Check "Temporarily disable all automatically sent email" to temporarily stop all e-mail deliveries.) Then, click on "Submit modification" to make selections effective. (NOTE: HQ staff members cannot change your e-mail delivery address. You must do this yourself via the Members Only Web Site.) The ARRL Letter also is available to all, free of charge, from these sources: * ARRLWeb <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/>. (NOTE: The ARRL Letter will be posted each Friday when it is distributed via e-mail.) * The QTH.net listserver, thanks to volunteers from the Boston Amateur Radio Club: Visit Mailing Lists@QTH.Net <http://mailman.qth.net/mailman/listinfo/letter-list>. (NOTE: The ARRL cannot assist subscribers who receive The ARRL Letter via this listserver.)
The ARRL Letter
The ARRL Letter offers a weekly summary of essential news of interest to active amateurs that is available in advance of publication in QST, our official journal. The ARRL Letter strives to be timely, accurate, concise and readable.
Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter and The American Radio Relay League.
Back issues published since 2000 are available on this page. If you wish to subscribe via e-mail, simply log on to the ARRL Web site, click on Edit Your Profile at the top, then click on Edit Email Subscriptions. Check the box next to The ARRL email newsletter, the ARRL Letter and you will receive each weekly issue in HTML format. You can unsubscribe at any time.
Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com
Editorial questions or comments: S. Khrystyne Keane, K1SFA, K1SFA@arrl.org.