*************** The ARRL Letter Vol. 27, No. 14 April 11, 2008 *************** IN THIS EDITION: * + Ohio ARES Teams Lend Support to Hepatitis Vaccination Clinic * + ARRL EXPO at Dayton Hamvention -- the Countdown Is On! * + Kansas Becomes 26th State to Have PRB-1 Law * + Special Events to Commemorate 96th Anniversary of Titanic Tragedy * + 2008 ARRL/TAPR Digital Communications Conference: Call for Papers * + FCC Enforcement Actions * Solar Update * IN BRIEF: This Weekend on the Radio ARRL Continuing Education Course Registration + National Hurricane Center Director: Hams Give "Valuable" Reports + Zapping Cancer Cells at 13.56 MHz on 60 Minutes This Weekend ARRL VE Manual Now Available Ham to Hike Pacific Crest Trail William F. Buckley Meets Amateur Radio +Available on ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> =========================================================== ==>Delivery problems: First see FAQ <http://www.arrl.org/members-only/faq.html#nodelivery>, then e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org> ==>Editorial questions or comments only: S. Khrystyne Keane, <email@example.com> =========================================================== ==> OHIO ARES TEAMS LEND SUPPORT TO HEPATITIS VACCINATION CLINIC When news of a hepatitis A outbreak alarmed residents of West Chester, Ohio last month, local officials sprang into action to inoculate more than 1200 people who had eaten at a local fast food restaurant; an employee with a confirmed case of the virus worked at the restaurant in March may have contaminated ice and other food items, health officials said. Inundated with more people than expected, Butler County Health Department and Emergency Management officials were overwhelmed with traffic, communication problems and general logistics of the event. When a second hepatitis A vaccination clinic was scheduled for April 5, officials called on local Amateur Radio operators to assist with communications, as well as traffic and crowd control. "After the first vaccination clinic was swamped with people coming to get their shots, both the Board of Health and the Emergency Management Agency in Butler County realized they needed assistance," said ARRL Ohio Section Emergency Coordinator Frank Piper, KI8GW. "They had the super idea of bringing in the local ARES group and called on District Emergency Coordinator Robert Spratt, N8TVU, to organize some hams to come help out." According to Spratt, officials at the first clinic could not communicate on their cell phones due to lack of coverage in the area. "Officials had only planned for about 800 people to show up to get inoculated. When they had more than 1200 people show up, they tried using their cell phones to call and get more vaccine, but they just wouldn't work." Calls made to 911 for police back-up to deal with unruly persons also had trouble getting through, Piper said. Ohio has a statewide, secure, reliable public service wireless communication for public safety and first responders in place -- MARCS -- used by Emergency Management officials in times when traditional communications systems fail. "When Butler County officials tried to use it at the first clinic, the system displayed 'OUT OF RANGE' or 'NO SIGNAL' messages on every channel," Piper said. At the second clinic, eight hams from both Butler County and Hamilton County were on site and ready to assist. The clinic, located at a church, was scheduled to run from 10 AM-4 PM. The hams were ready for early crowds; at the first clinic, people were standing in line more than two hours before the doors opened. "When the ARES team arrived, they established the parking lot area, the traffic flow patterns into and out of the church area and set up the required communications," Spratt said. "ARES members canvassing the complex discovered several other events were ongoing at the facility, including a funeral, fingerprinting for youth sports, a planning meeting for a summer carnival and a planning meeting for the upcoming soccer season. Soccer practice also added to the traffic and pedestrian congestion." More than 225 people received hepatitis A vaccinations at the second clinic and ARES members directed more than 1200 cars to their correct destinations on the property. The Butler County Health Department officials, clinic staff, the Butler County Emergency Management Agency, the West Chester Police Department and church officials thanked the ARES team for a job well done, all without any reported incidents. Spratt said that the Ohio District 4 ARES teams in Warren, Clermont, Hamilton and Butler counties have had prior Volunteer Reception Center and vaccination clinic operation training that "helped greatly in understanding and knowing what would be needed in the way of communications at the clinic, as well as security, traffic control and crowd control." Spratt said that people coming to get inoculations "asked about who we were and who we were working for. We made some new friends in the community and recruited three or four people for the upcoming Technician classes. They thought what we were doing as volunteers was great and they want to become part of the team." Piper concurred with Spratt. "In the Ohio Section, we have the Ohio Section Emergency Response Plan (OSERP) <http://www.trac-online.org/Docs/oserp.pdf>. This is a small document compared to some ERPs I have seen. This document outlines how ARES is activated in the Section, who reports to whom and how communication flows. DEC Spratt and his team followed the OSERP pretty much to the letter, and it worked well. Many ARES districts have participated with their Regional Medical Response Systems in their assigned districts on tabletop exercises, as well as actual call-up drills. In February, District 3, under the command of ADEC Fred Stone, W8LLY, conducted a Pandemic Flu activation that extended over several days in February, including a real-time snow storm which affected the drill. This vaccination clinic this past weekend proves to all of us that ARES is vital to the emergency medical community." According to the Centers for Disease Control, hepatitis A is a viral infection that attacks the liver and is spread primarily by close person-to-person contact or by consuming contaminated food. ==> ARRL EXPO AT DAYTON HAMVENTION -- THE COUNTDOWN IS ON! With just over a month to go, the final details for the ARRL EXPO at the 2008 Dayton Hamvention <http://www.hamvention.org/> are wrapping up and the secrets are being let out! This year's EXPO is meant to not only share in, but to embrace the Dayton Amateur Radio Association's (DARA) -- host of Hamvention -- theme of "Amateur Radio + People = Fellowship" <http://www.w8bi.org/>. With more open-air areas and interactive booths within the ARRL EXPO, we hope to not only convey this message but provide easier opportunities for fellowship within the EXPO, offering more opportunities for interaction with the ARRL family. The Dayton Hamvention will be held May 16-18 at Hara Arena. ARRL Membership Manager Katie Breen, W1KRB, is overseeing the ARRL EXPO at Hamvention. "A new area within the EXPO this year is the ARRL Movie Room," she said. "We decided to try something a little different this year and create a cozy area to sit back and relax and watch a movie on the 10-foot screen. We are very pleased that Bob Allphin, K4UEE, Peter I participant and producer of the DXpedition video, will be a featured guest on Saturday in the movie room. This will be a unique opportunity to come and meet Bob, listen to additional commentary on the many DXpeditions he has been on and have some personal time to ask your questions about going on a DXpedition." Allphin has visited 93 DXCC entities, operated from 50 and been on 33 DXpeditions, of which 6 set world records. He took 5th place at the 1996 WRTC with teammate James Pratt, N6IG. Breen said that the Youth Lounge, organized by 2007 Goldfarb Memorial Scholarship recipient Andrea Hartlage, KG4IUM, will be up and running again this year. "With a bevy of activity for our young hams, the youth lounge is a full scale version of what every club and group can do to entice young hams to their events. This is a perfect opportunity to visit Andrea and the other volunteers in the areas and bring back ideas to your home clubs." The 2008 Youth Dinner will also be on Saturday night, but with one change: Instead of being at a local restaurant, it will take place at the DARA clubhouse. Breen said, "We're very excited by the generosity the DARA Board of Directors has shown to us. They let me know that the restaurant we've used the past couple of years for the youth dinner had gone out of business. So while I was searching for a new location, the DARA Board was meeting and decided to offer their clubhouse to the kids." Hartlage said she was thrilled with this option this year. "Not only can we enjoy a great pizza party at the clubhouse, but we can even have time to get on the air together! I'm so thankful to DARA for stepping up and helping us out in such a generous way." Breen followed up, saying, "DARA's theme of fellowship extends into the EXPO area with their partnership with us, including a new area within EXPO that will be dedicated to the newer operators and future hams." ==> KANSAS BECOMES 26TH STATE TO HAVE PRB-1 LAW After an unsuccessful attempt eight years ago to get a PRB-1 <http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/regulations/local/prb-1.html> type bill signed in Kansas, radio amateurs in that state have succeeded in becoming the 26th state with a PRB-1 law on the books. Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius signed HB 2805 <http://www.kslegislature.org/bills/2008/2805.pdf> into law on April 9. The bill, written by Rep Arlen Siegfreid (R-15), passed unanimously in both the Kansas House of Representatives and Senate. It takes effect July 1, 2008. Known as the "Kansas Emergency Communications Preservation Act," the new law concerns federally licensed Amateur Radio Service communications. According to the governor's office, the law "prohibit[s] a city or county governing body from taking any action that precludes federally licensed amateur radio service communications, or that does not conform to federal regulations related to amateur radio antenna facilities." The new law states that if a municipality takes any action that regulates the placement, screening, number or height of a station antenna structure, the action must "Reasonably accommodate federally licensed amateur radio service communications; and constitute the minimum regulation practicable to carry out the legitimate purpose of the governing body." Antenna support structures constructed prior to the bill's effective date "are exempted from subsequent changes in zoning regulations...and may be repaired as required." JD Spradling, KC0NYS, of Olathe, Kansas, is chairman of the committee <http://www.hamsforkansas.org/> that led the charge to get a PRB-1 law on the books in that state. He commented: "Many local zoning boards don't give FCC regulations adequate consideration when making zoning decisions and across the country amateurs have found that state laws are a more effective tool for influencing local zoning regulations. So beginning in the 1990s, amateurs began lobbying for legislation that would place PRB-1-type language into their state laws." Upon hearing the news that Governor Sebelius signed the bill into law, Spradling said, "This venture has been successful because we have had a great team effort all the way through the process, from all who stepped up -- from our state and local representatives, to our subject matter experts and the PRB-1 Committee members from Miami County, Kansas, as well as everyone else who had been proactive in the 2008 Kansas Legislative process for your fellow hams." ==> SPECIAL EVENTS TO COMMEMORATE 96TH ANNIVERSARY OF TITANIC TRAGEDY Several Amateur Radio special event operations are scheduled to mark the 96th anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. The "unsinkable" White Star Line passenger vessel was on its maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City when it struck an iceberg and sank early on April 15, 1912. More than 1500 people perished, while some 700 passengers in 19 lifeboats were rescued by the RMS Carpathia, whose radio operator copied the frantic distress call (the still common "CQD" signal, possibly coupled with the then-new "SOS") transmitted by MGY radio operator Jack Phillips as the Titanic foundered. Special event W0S <http://www.wzeros.com/W0S_Special_Event.html>, which stands for "White Star Line," will be on the air from the Titanic Museum in Branson, Missouri <http://www.titanicbranson.com/>. The W0S operation will commence at 1300 UTC on Saturday, April 12, and conclude at 2400 UTC on Sunday, April 13. Members of the Nixa Amateur Radio Club and the Southwest Missouri Amateur Radio Club (SMARC) will be among those at the helm of W0S. Icom, Vibroplex, MicroLog, Rayfield Communications and MFJ are corporate sponsors for the event. Look for W0S on or around these frequencies: SSB, 3.850, 7.250, 14.250 and 21.350 MHz; CW, 3.550, 7.050, 14.050 and 21.050 MHz; PSK, 80 and 40 meters only. Operators will be listening 3 kHz up for calls. There will also be activity on D-STAR, EchoLink and IRLP; please check the event's Web page for information concerning these frequencies. Visitors are welcome. E-mail the Nixa club for more information <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Special event station W1MGY will be on the air from the Titanic Historical Society Museum in Indian Orchard, Massachusetts. Operation will concentrate on 20 and 40 meters April 11-12 from 1400 UTC until 2030 UTC each day, although W1MGY may be on the air at other times, bands and modes throughout the 96th anniversary weekend. Look for W1MGY on or around: CW, 3.533, 7.033, 14.033, 18.099, 21.033 and 28.033 MHz; SSB, 3.860, 7.260, 14.260, 18.160, 21.360 and 28.336 MHz, conditions permitting. To schedule a contact with W1MGY, contact Dave Isham, KB1MU <email@example.com>, indicating a preferred date, time and frequency. Include a self-addressed, stamped envelope with QSL requests to Titanic Historical Society, W1MGY, PO Box 51053, Indian Orchard, MA 01151-0053. ==> 2008 ARRL/TAPR DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE: CALL FOR PAPERS Technical papers are solicited for presentation at the 27th annual ARRL/TAPR <http://www.tapr.org/> Digital Communications Conference (DCC), Friday-Sunday, September 26-28, in Chicago, Illinois <http://www.tapr.org/dcc.html>. Papers will also be published in the Conference Proceedings. Authors do not need to attend the conference to have their papers included in the Proceedings. The submission deadline is July 31. The ARRL/TAPR Digital Communications Conference is an international forum for technically minded radio amateurs to meet and present new ideas and techniques. Paper/presentation topic areas include -- but are not limited to -- software defined radio (SDR), digital voice, digital satellite communication, digital signal processing (DSP), HF digital modes, adapting IEEE 802.11 systems for Amateur Radio, Global Positioning System (GPS), Automatic Position Reporting System (APRS), Linux in Amateur Radio, AX.25 updates and Internet operability with Amateur Radio networks. Submit papers to Maty Weinberg, KB1EIB, ARRL, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111 or via e-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Papers will be published exactly as submitted, and authors will retain all rights. ARRL will provide additional information on the 2008 DCC as it becomes available. ==> FCC ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS Special Counsel in the FCC Spectrum Enforcement Division Riley Hollingsworth sent a Warning Notice to Edward R. Drone, W0NYF, of Sycamore Hills, Missouri alerting him that "the trustee of the St. Louis and Suburban Radio Club repeaters K0STL (146.940 MHz), N0TYZ (146.910 MHz), W0FF (146.970 MHz) and W0SRC (146.850 MHz) has requested in writing that you refrain from use of the repeaters." These requests, the Commission, noted, were due to Drone's "failure to follow operational rules set forth by the licensee/control operators of the repeaters for their users." Hollingsworth reminded Drone about a past conversation they had in which Drone "acknowledged that [he] had been directed to stay off of the repeaters and stated that [he] would comply," but, according to the Warning Notice, Drone "utilized the K0STL repeater on March 31, 2008 and stated that [he] would not refrain from using it." Drone was told he was expected "to abide by the request to stay off of the above-listed repeaters and any other such request by a repeater licensee, control operator or trustee." Drone was warned that the FCC would initiate enforcement action against his license -- which could include revocation, monetary forfeiture or a "modification proceeding to restrict the frequencies on which [he] may operate W0NYF." Fines normally range from $7500-$10,000. Hollingsworth also sent a Warning Notice to David R. Henry, W2DRH, of Cuddebackville, New York alerting him that "the K3TSA repeater system operating on 145.350 MHz has requested in writing that you refrain from use of the repeater." These requests, the Commission, noted, were due to Henry's "failure to follow operational rules set forth by the licensee/control operators of the repeater and FCC rules." Hollingsworth reminded Henry that the trustees had "previously requested verbally [to Henry that he] refrain from using the system, but [Henry has] apparently ignored both verbal and written requests." Hollingsworth also noted that Henry "complained that on February 13, 2008, the control operator of the K3TSA repeater shut down the repeater while [he was] engaged in emergency communications. [Henry] had previously been warned not to use the repeater and, moreover, three of the five control operators of the K3TSA repeater witnessed the communications and reported that there was no emergency situation." Henry was warned that the FCC would initiate enforcement action against his license -- which could include revocation, monetary forfeiture or a "modification proceeding to restrict the frequencies on which [he] may operate W2DRH." Fines normally range from $7500-$10,000. Hollingsworth also pointed out that Henry's Amateur Radio license was set to expire on April 21, 2009. "Please be advised," Hollingsworth said, "that your license will not be routinely renewed unless this matter is resolved." Hollingsworth sent a Warning Notice to non-licensee residential owners concerning interference from a flat screen television unit to a licensed amateur in Edgewater, Florida. Direct all questions concerning the Amateur Radio Service Enforcement Actions Web postings via e-mail only to Riley Hollingsworth <email@example.com> in the FCC Spectrum Enforcement Division. ==>SOLAR UPDATE Tad "Unless to see my shadow in the Sun" Cook, K7RA, this week reports: As of Thursday, April 10, there have been no sunspots for seven days. We may see sunspots return around April 21-28. This is based on recent activity rotating out of view around the Sun and (we hope) reappearing later this month. The predicted solar flux remains at 70 until April 20 when it reaches 75, then 80 on April 21. The predicted higher solar flux should correlate with the return of sunspots. Geophysical Institute Prague predicts quiet to unsettled conditions April 11, quiet April 12-13, quiet to unsettled April 14, unsettled April 15, quiet to unsettled April 16 and back to quiet on April 17. For more information concerning radio propagation, visit the ARRL Technical Information Service Propagation page <http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html>. To read this week's Solar Report in its entirety, check out the W1AW Propagation Bulletin page <http://www.arrl.org/w1aw/prop/>. __________________________________ ==>IN BRIEF: * This Weekend on the Radio: This weekend is the YLRL DX-YL to NA-YL Contest (SSB) on April 11-13. The EU Spring Sprint (CW) is April 12. The JIDX CW Contest, Radio Maritime Day and the Georgia QSO Party are April 12-13. Be sure to check out the SKCC Weekend Sprintathon and the UBA Spring Contest (SSB) on April 13. The RSGB 80 Meter Club Championship (SSB) is scheduled for April 16. The CQ WW WPX Contest (SSB) is March 29-30. Next weekend, look for the Holyland DX Contest, the TARA Skirmish Digital Prefix Contest, the ES Open HF Championship, the Feld Hell Sprint and the EU Spring Sprint (SSB) on April 19. The Michigan QSO Party, the EA-QRP CW Contest, the Ontario QSO Party and the YU DX Contest are April 19-20. The Run for the Bacon QRP Contest is April 21. The SKCC Sprint is April 23 and the RSGB 80 Meter Club Championship (Data) is April 24. See the ARRL Contest Branch page <http://www.arrl.org/contests/>, the ARRL Contester's Rate Sheet <http://www.arrl.org/contests/rate-sheet/> and the WA7BNM Contest Calendar <http://www.hornucopia.com/contestcal/index.html> for more info. * ARRL Continuing Education Course Registration: Registration remains open through Sunday, April 20, 2008, for these online course sessions beginning on Friday, May 2, 2008: Technician License Course (EC-010); Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Level 1 (EC-001); Radio Frequency Interference (EC-006); Antenna Design and Construction (EC-009); Analog Electronics (EC-012), and Digital Electronics (EC-013). Each online course has been developed in segments -- learning units with objectives, informative text, student activities and quizzes. Courses are interactive, and some include direct communications with a Mentor/Instructor. Students register for a particular session that may be 8, 12 or 16 weeks (depending on the course) and they may access the course at any time of day during the course period, completing lessons and activities at times convenient for their personal schedule. Mentors assist students by answering questions, reviewing assignments and activities, as well as providing helpful feedback. Interaction with mentors is conducted through e-mail; there is no appointed time the student must be present -- allowing complete flexibility for the student to work when and where it is convenient. To learn more, visit the CCE Course Listing page <http://www.arrl.org/cce/courses.html> or contact the Continuing Education Program Coordinator <firstname.lastname@example.org>. * National Hurricane Center Director: Hams Give "Valuable" Reports: Director of the National Hurricane Center (NHC) Bill Read, KB5FYA, praised Amateur Radio at the National Hurricane Conference in Orlando earlier this month <http://www.voipwx.net/local/Bill_Read_on_Ham_Radio_Hurricane_Conference 2008.wmv>. "Ham radio has always played a critical role in emergencies," Read said. "What goes out when you have a high wind event or major flooding is the communications system, so you lose even cell phones, landline phones, commercial radio and TV. In those cases, ham radio operators that can put up emergency transmitters and antennas in the wake of a storm can give us reports that are valuable. They also help in the search and rescue efforts in the aftermath." The NHC has a dedicated amateur station on-site -- WX4NHC -- and has worked closely with hams for decades. -- Thanks to Dan Musten, KD4RAA, and John Van Pelt, K4JVP, for the information * Zapping Cancer Cells at 13.56 MHz on "60 Minutes" This Weekend: John Kanzius, K3TUP, of Erie Pennsylvania, has been working on an RF-based treatment for cancer that is currently undergoing testing. According to ARRL Media and Public Relations Manager Allen Pitts, W1AGP, Kanzius is scheduled to be on the CBS news show "60 Minutes" on Sunday, April 13 (keep in mind that the line-up could change). "While there never is a way to predict what shows and what ends up on the cutting room floor, John gave as many plugs to his ham radio background as he could in being the foundations of hands-on learning that led to his research and invention," Pitts said. Kanzius, a very active Amateur Radio operator, aided in the creation of the upcoming ARRL Technology and Amateur Radio public relations campaign. Read more about Kanzius and his ground-breaking idea to kill cancer cells with radio waves in the February 2008 issue of QST. * ARRL VE Manual Now Available: The ARRL VEC leads the way when it comes to licensing amateurs, thanks to the excellent work of thousands of volunteer examiners who give so generously of their time, energy and skill. Whether you have ever thought about becoming a Volunteer Examiner or you are a seasoned VE, the "ARRL VEC Volunteer Examiner Manual" <http://www.arrl.org/catalog/?item=1328> is the complete guide to the ARRL Volunteer Examiner program. Packed with everything new and experienced ARRL VEs need to know, this book is loaded with information, including chapters on becoming a Volunteer Examiner, the Volunteer Examiner Team, preparing for the test session, Form 605; conducting the test session, session report and returning documents, FCC Part 97 Rules and more. To learn more about becoming an ARRL Volunteer Examiner, please see the ARRL VEC Web Page <http://www.arrl.org/arrlvec/become-a-ve.html>. Order your copy of the "ARRL VEC Volunteer Examiner Manual" today. * Ham to Hike Pacific Crest Trail: Bruce Prior, N7RR, a contributor to QST, has announced plans to hike the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) later this month. The PCT is 2650 miles long, ranging from the California-Mexico border all the way to the Canadian border and reaching an altitude of 13,153 feet. On April 19, Prior will begin the journey near Campo, California with hopes of reaching Manning Park, British Columbia in late September or early October. Prior will bring along his Elecraft KX1 with the 30 meter/80 meter module, as well as resonant half-wavelength dipole antennas for the 80, 40, 30 and 20 meter bands. While not planning to do any pedestrian-mobile contacts, Prior said he will wait until he has set up camp for the evening before getting on the air: "Occasionally I may decide to operate in the daytime, such as from the summit of Mount Baden-Powell (9399 feet) or at the California-Oregon border on the PCT." For more information on frequencies, times and nets that Prior will be on, please visit his blog <http://www.n7rr.com/>. According to the Pacific Crest Trail Association (PCTA), approximately 300 people attempt to hike the entire trail from end-to-end each year. The trip usually takes between four and six months. Around 180 complete the hike each year. The route is mostly through National Forest and, where possible, protected wilderness areas. The trail avoids civilization in favor of scenic and pristine mountainous terrain with few roads, passing through the Laguna, San Jacinto, San Bernardino, San Gabriel, Liebre, Tehachapi and Sierra Nevada ranges in California, and the Cascade Range in California, Oregon and Washington. * William F. Buckley Meets Amateur Radio: In a personal essay published in the April 7, 2008 issue of "The National Review," the late William F. Buckley Jr described a fascinating story involving himself, Senator Barry Goldwater, K7UGA (SK), and of course ham radio. It seems that Mr Buckley was part of a 12 man trip to Russia's Vostok station, a very remote outpost at the magnetic South Pole. In addition to his brother, Senator James Buckley, their old pal Barry Goldwater and his son Barry Jr were also members of this expedition. Buckley described being in a crowded Soviet igloo, entertained with "trays of caviar and tumblers of vodka." After toasting his Russian host, he was suddenly taken aside by Barry Jr. "Dad wants to see you" he said, pointing to the door. Buckley was taken to another igloo, apparently the radio shack. "Thought you might like to talk to your wife," the senior Goldwater said. Buckley describes the prideful look on Goldwater's face, having maneuvered the Soviet radio to contact his wife back home in Arizona! Although he was a man famous for his complete control of the English language, Bill Buckley said he was "speechless" as he heard the telephone ringing and his wife answering the telephone! He said, "It's me darling" and his wife responded, "It's three o'clock in the morning!" Buckley exclaimed, "I'm calling from the South Pole!" This story reminded me of the many nights back in the late 1970s when I gladly helped with phone patches from the US Navy base at McMurdo, Antarctica. Just as Senator Goldwater did, I awakened many people in the wee hours of the morning with a phone call from their loved ones on the bottom of the world! -- Bruce Jackson, KA5ELC, Cordova, Tennessee =========================================================== The ARRL Letter is published Fridays, 50 times each year, by the American Radio Relay League: ARRL--the National Association for Amateur Radio, 225 Main St, Newington, CT 06111; tel 860-594-0200; fax 860-594-0259; <http://www.arrl.org/>. Joel Harrison, W5ZN, President. The ARRL Letter offers a weekly e-mail digest of essential and general news of interest to active radio amateurs. Visit the ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> for the latest Amateur Radio news and news updates. The ARRL Web site <http://www.arrl.org/> also offers informative features and columns. ARRL Audio News <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> is a weekly "ham radio newscast" compiled and edited from The ARRL Letter. It's also available as a podcast from our Web site. Material from The ARRL Letter may be republished or reproduced in whole or in part in any form without additional permission. Credit must be given to The ARRL Letter/American Radio Relay League. ==>Delivery problems (ARRL member direct delivery only!): email@example.com ==>Editorial questions or comments: S. Khrystyne Keane, K1SFA, firstname.lastname@example.org ==>ARRL News on the Web: <http://www.arrl.org/> ==>ARRL Audio News: <http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/audio/> or call 860-594-0384 ==>How to Get The ARRL Letter The ARRL Letter is available to ARRL members free of charge directly from ARRL HQ. To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your address for e-mail delivery: ARRL members first must register on the Members Only Web Site <http://www.arrl.org/members/>. You'll have an opportunity during registration to sign up for e-mail delivery of The ARRL Letter, W1AW bulletins, and other material. 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