ARRL

RF and AF Filters

Introduction

An RF filter is an electrical circuit configuration (network) designed to have specific characteristics with respect to the transmission or attenuation of various frequencies that may be applied to it.

There are three general types of RF filters:

  • A high-pass filter similarly has a cut-off frequency, above which there is little or no loss in transmission, but below which there is considerable attenuation. Its behavior is the opposite of that of the low-pass filter.
  • A low-pass filter is one that will permit all frequencies below a specified one called the cut-off frequency to be transmitted with little or no loss, but that will attenuate all frequencies above the cut-off frequency. High-pass and low-pass filters can be difficult to construct properly. Whenever possible, many amateurs simply buy them.
  • A band-pass filter is one that will transmit a selected band of frequencies with substantially no loss, but that will attenuate all frequencies either higher or lower than the desired band.

Articles

Second-Harmonic-Optimized Low-Pass Filters
QST February 1999, pp 44-46
Sometimes we need a little more output filtering than traditional designs offer. This filter can give you that extra boost.

Bandstop Filters for Attenuating High-Level Broadcast-Band Signals  Members Only
QEX November 1995, pp. 3-12

A No-Tune 2-Meter Bandpass Filter  Members Only
QST May 2000, pp. 54-55
A homebrew solution to annoying intermod

Narrow Band-Pass Filters for HF
QEX Sept/Oct 2000, pp. 13-17
The ability to attenuate frequencies above and below a particular band can be very useful to both the contester and the casual operator.

Receiver Band-Pass Filters Having Maximum Attenuation in Adjacent Bands 
QEX July/Aug 1999, pp. 27-33

Clean Up Your Signals with Band-Pass Filters - Part 1
QST May 1998, pp. 44-48

Clean Up Your Signals with Band-Pass Filters - Part 2
QST June 1998, pp. 39-42

Dunestar Model 600 Multiband Bandpass Filter  Members Only
QST March 1995, pp. 85-86
This is an in-line filter that operates on both transmit and receive. Its primary application is reducing interference between stations operating in close proximity.

A Diode-Switched Band-Pass Filter
QST January 1991, pp. 24-26
How to use high-speed silicon diodes as RF switches for selecting two or more filters.

Band-Pass Filters for HF Transceivers
QST September 1988, pp. 17-19, 23

Designing Narrow Band-Pass Filters With A BASIC Program  Members Only
by William Sabin W0IYH.  May 1983 QST pp. 23-29. 

Basic filter program
written by William Sabin  that can be run on old computers, once renamed to nrbnpas.bas.

Join ARRL

Donate Now