ARRL

ARRL Propagation Bulletin ARLP033 (2009)

SB PROP @ ARL $ARLP033
ARLP033 Propagation de K7RA

ZCZC AP33
QST de W1AW  
Propagation Forecast Bulletin 33  ARLP033
From Tad Cook, K7RA
Seattle, WA  August 14, 2009
To all radio amateurs 

SB PROP ARL ARLP033
ARLP033 Propagation de K7RA

Another quiet week on the Sun.  Last week on Earth we neglected to
mention the Perseids meteor shower, which peaked this week on August
12-13.  A nice statistical display from the International Meteor
Organization is at http://www.imo.net/live/perseids2009/.

A look at http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpmenu/forecasts/45DF.html on
August 13 showed possible heightened geomagnetic activity returning
around August 18-19, with a planetary A index of 20 and 12,
respectively.

Geophysical Institute Prague expects quiet conditions August 14,
unsettled August 15, quiet August 16-17, unsettled August 18, quiet
to unsettled for August 19 and quiet on August 20  The predicted
planetary A index from the Space Weather Prediction Center for those
same dates is 5, 5, 5, 5, 20, 12 and 8.  Check the link in the
previous paragraph to see if the forecast changes and is updated.

The autumnal equinox is less than 40 days from now, to occur on
September 22 at 2118z.  Even if there are no sunspots, we should see
a shift and seasonal improvement compared to summer.  Comparing the
first day of fall to mid-July, 20 meter conditions from New England
to the Czech Republic shows an end to openings during the evening on
the USA end, and daytime openings shifting to earlier hours.  The
July 20 meter opening from 1930-0200z shifts to 1330-2200z in
September.  17 meters shows very little chance of propagation over
the same path in summer, but in fall opens 1330z to 1900z.

A similar shift occurs on the West Coast.  From California to Japan,
in summer the 20 meter opening is in local nighttime at the W6 end,
strongest 0630-1030z.  In the fall it happens earlier, 2200-0330z.
On 17 meters over the same path, signals are much stronger in the
fall, with openings around 2200-0230z.

Jim Spears, N1NK of Tiverton, Rhode Island, wrote to comment on the
current sporadic-E season, which he noted should be winding down.
Jim says he hasn't seen much sporadic-e activity, and checked six
meters most days, but June was very good for him into Europe.  Jim
wrote, ''With a 5 element Yagi at 40 feet and THP 1.5Kfx amp I
improved my distance record to the east by working 4X4DK, DK1MAX,
and OE5D as new ones.  A number of other new ones in EU (mostly
southern) and Caribbean along with 8R1TO and PV8ADI in South America
were also worked leaving me with a current total of 73 worked and 67
confirmed, all via Es.  I also failed to work any west coast US
stations, something that has been a regular occurrence the past few
years''.

Jim noted that July was extremely wet and stormy in New England, and
doesn't know if this is coincidental, but he saw little six meter
propagation to anywhere.  ''It seemed that the propagation was
completely skipping over or bypassing us.  There were very few
moments when I would hear any signal on the band at all''.

In an email Jim received from Mick, W1JJ, also in Rhode Island, but
with a better antenna system, the 6 meter E season was about average
for Mick, who has been active on 6 meters for 50 years.  He worked 3
new countries, bringing his 6 meter total to 186.  Mick says
openings were slow in May, much better in June, but he had only a
couple of good openings to Europe.  In July he worked 4X4, SV, SV9,
SV5, OD, TZ and TA.  To the west, he had a couple of good openings
to W6 and one to KH6.  He sent along an audio file of JA7QVI on six
meters, who was quite loud, and the only JA he worked in the past
couple of years.  Mick worked him at 2258z on July 8.  In the Six
Meters Marathon he totaled 94 countries from the first week in May
through August 3.

Pat Dyer, WA5IYX of San Antonio, Texas wrote about digital
television vs. the old analog system and its usefulness as an
indicator of VHF propagation.  ''Some have had much more luck than
myself at decoding DTV via Es, but here are two samples of my best,
http://www.qsl.net/wa5iyx/images/wbra-dt-3.1z.jpg (1187 mi) and
http://www.qsl.net/wa5iyx/images/whbf-dt-4.1z.jpg (950 mi)''.

''A vivid example of what was available on low-VHF TV for Es from
here vs. now on DTV is shown on these maps
http://www.qsl.net/wa5iyx/lovesavd.htm.  A prime problem in getting
DTV Es decoded stems from the system's intolerance for co-channel
signals (unless one is dominant by 15 db).  Many a time the 54.310
MHz DTV pilots can be heard on my FT-847 as a mixture of signals
with a 4-Hz beat rate (note how many US DTV Ch 2 stations are to my
NW-N, and can come in simultaneously).  Ch 5, with the most US DTV
stations of any low- VHF channel, has been occupied by ''local''
KCWX-DT-5 (23kw ERP at c. 50 mi) since Jul 1.  Rapid QSB and
multipath (ghosting common on Es) also contribute to complicating
any decodes.  Also, unlike with NTSC, the entire 6-MHz wide channel
of data needs to be in well for ATSC to work - if the Es MUF is
''sharp'' you're doomed, where with NTSC video without audio was not
uncommon''.

Ken Miller, K6CTW of Rancho Cucamonga, California also wrote this
week.  ''Although this is now over 2 weeks old, I did want to let you
know that I was able to work the VK9NI DXpedition on 40 CW while
commuting to work here in Southern California.  Since I'm only
running about 60 watts I found it amazing that I was able to ''make
the trip''.  They must have had some super ops and a great antenna on
40 but never the less, conditions do seem to be holding in the early
morning here to the Western pacific.  I hear all sorts of DX on when
I'm driving in, and it really makes the commute bearable''.

So nice to hear of good results from a modest setup.  Since a
standard mobile antenna would only be about one-sixteenth wavelength
on 40 meters, running 100 watts into a much more efficient half-wave
dipole from home should surely net a contact with Norfolk Island.

Ken along with Chip Margelli, K7JA, were the heroes who demonstrated
Morse code speed and efficiency by beating a champion text messager
(or is that messenger?) in a contest on the Tonight Show in 2005.
Many have seen it, but you can watch it again at
http://www.kkn.net/~n6tv/Text_vs_Morse_Leno_2005_05_13.wmv.  In
light of financial travails of the past couple of years, pay special
attention to the comments by the YL that Jay Leno interviews at the
start of the segment.

July 31 Propagation Bulletin ARLP031 mentioned Kai Siwiak, KE4PT and
his Secret Ham Message, linked from the page at
http://www.qrz.com/ke4pt/.  Kai wasn't expecting the puzzle's
mention in the bulletin, and reported an overwhelming response from
readers who solved the problem.

Now that two weeks have passed, we can mention a clue to folks who
didn't quite get it, like the author of this bulletin.  Yes, you can
use standard techniques for solving simple ciphers, such as counting
the occurrence of each character, ranking them, then solving by
examining the frequency of occurrence for each letter of the English
language.  This assumes it is in English, which it is, but there is
an easier way for CW operators to solve this.  Contemplate the page
visually, then think of Morse.  Don't quite see it?  Look again.

CW operators' ears perk up when Morse code appears in motion picture
soundtracks, and various online forums and websites over the years
have listed films containing telegraphy.  One is
http://www.qsl.net/e20tcm/morse.html, a Thai website from Jeerasak
Pitiwatsakul, E20TCM, which reproduces data from the now defunct
Morse Goes to the Movies site.

Early Thursday morning I ran across another film with Morse, but
this time only in the soundtrack, seemingly unrelated to the action
on the screen.  I checked out a DVD from the public library, the
mid-eighties movie ''Runaway Train''
(http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0089941/) and I might have missed the
Morse, except I was wearing headphones.

Forty minutes into the movie, there is a scene in a railway control
room that was supposed to look hi-tech at the time.  Perhaps it was
an attempt to lend a sort of authenticity for the audience, but the
audio contains various bleeps and blurps under the dialog, as the
characters stare into old monochrome CRT monitors in horror.  I
nearly fell off the couch between minute 40:10 and 40:15 when I
heard, ''DE K7VVV''.  K7VVV happens to be my callsign before K7RA, and
now held by a ham in California.  However, at the time the movie was
produced my call was KT7H, so I claim no connection.  Perhaps others
will hear DE KZVVV instead, but as my mind attempts to construct
patterns from many sensory inputs, it tends to fall back on familiar
patterns.

If you would like to make a comment or have a tip for our readers,
email the author at, k7ra@arrl.net.

For more information concerning radio propagation, see the ARRL
Technical Information Service at
http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html.  For a detailed
explanation of the numbers used in this bulletin, see
http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/k9la-prop.html.  An archive of past
propagation bulletins is at http://www.arrl.org/w1aw/prop/.

Monthly propagation charts between four USA regions and twelve
overseas locations are at http://www.arrl.org/qst/propcharts/.

Instructions for starting or ending email distribution of this
bulletin are at http://www.arrl.org/w1aw.html#email.

Sunspot numbers for August 6 through 12 were 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, and 0
with a mean of 0.  10.7 cm flux was 66.8, 67.8, 67, 67.2, 67.1,
66.6, and 66.5 with a mean of 67.  Estimated planetary A indices
were 14, 8, 4, 8, 4, 4 and 5 with a mean of 6.7.  Estimated
mid-latitude A indices were 8, 8, 2, 6, 3, 2 and 2 with a mean of
4.4.
NNNN
/EX