ARRL

ARRL Propagation Bulletin ARLP044 (2003)

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SB PROP @ ARL $ARLP044
ARLP044 Propagation de K7RA

ZCZC AP44
QST de W1AW =20
Propagation Forecast Bulletin 44  ARLP044
From Tad Cook, K7RA
Seattle, WA  October 31, 2003
To all radio amateurs=20

SB PROP ARL ARLP044
ARLP044 Propagation de K7RA

Solar excitement continued this week. As this bulletin is being
written Thursday night, an extreme geomagnetic storm is in progress.
The mid latitude K index has been as high as 9, and severe space
weather is predicted for the short term. Average daily sunspot
numbers more than doubled this week to 201.4. Average daily solar
flux was nearly double the previous week at 249. Average daily
sunspot numbers for the week as reported in this bulletin have not
been this high since the week of November 7-13, 2002, when it was
205.4. For solar flux, we go back to the week of January 24-30, 2002
when the average daily solar flux was 249.6.

On Friday, October 24, a coronal mass ejection swept by earth around
1500z. The planetary K index went as high as 7, and aurora borealis
was seen as far as the southern United States. On Sunday, October 26
an X-class solar flare at 0650z was followed by another one twelve
hours later at 1850z. On October 28 one of the most powerful solar
flares seen in many years hurled a cloud of particles traveling
5,000,000 miles per hour toward earth. This triggered an S-3 class
solar radiation storm, and the next day the planetary A index shot
up to 189, and mid-latitude A index was 199. On that day, October
29, an intense geomagnetic storm raged in response to a coronal mass
ejection that hit earth around 0630z. Another powerful coronal mass
ejection hit earth on October 30. Check the web site,
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/solar_flare_031028.html for a
news article on the major flares and resulting storms.

This weekend is the ARRL November CW Sweepstakes. Conditions could
be good if the geomagnetic disturbances cool down. Currently the
predicted planetary A index for Friday through Monday, October 31
through November 3 is 100, 30, 15 and 15. The latest solar flux
forecast for those same days is 265, 260, 255 and 255.

Peter Greene, N2LVI wrote to inquire about when a solar cycle starts
and ends. It isn't easy to determine, and usually is some time after
the peak or the minimum that we can say when it was, because in
order to smooth out the solar cycle so that the peak can be seen, a
running average must be run. In addition, a change of sunspot cycles
means the polarity of the sunspots change, and spots from both the
old and new cycles coexist. A good explanation for this is on this
page: http://www.sunspot.noao.edu/PR/answerbook/sunspots.html#q94.
Peter also sent us a link to http://www.qsl.net/w2vtm/hf_solar.html
where he put up a graphic look at HF propagation and solar indices.

One of our readers has been taking photos of the sun. Jake, N0LX
sent along a link to http://hometown.aol.com/n0lx/sun102403.html
showing his photos.

In closing, if the geomagnetic storms calm we could be in for some
fantastic conditions, assuming the sunspot numbers stay high.
Finally, a couple of graphs show the recent activity here,
http://www.dxlc.com/solar/ and here:
http://www.wm7d.net/hamradio/solar/index.shtml.

For more information about propagation and an explanation of the
numbers used in this bulletin see the Propagation page on the ARRL
Web site at http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html.

Sunspot numbers for October 23 through 29 were 122, 160, 139, 191,
238, 230 and 330, with a mean of 201.4. 10.7 cm flux was 209.3,
190.6, 221.5, 298.3, 257.2, 274.4 and 291.7, with a mean of 249.
Estimated planetary A indices were 7, 34, 14, 10, 15, 20 and 189,
with a mean of 41.3.
NNNN
/EX

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<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>SB PROP @ ARL $ARLP044</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>ARLP044 Propagation de K7RA</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>ZCZC AP44</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>QST de W1AW&nbsp; </FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>Propagation Forecast Bulletin 44&nbsp; ARLP044</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>From Tad Cook, K7RA</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>Seattle, WA&nbsp; October 31, 2003</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>To all radio amateurs </FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>SB PROP ARL ARLP044</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>ARLP044 Propagation de K7RA</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>Solar excitement continued this week. As this bulletin =
is being</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>written Thursday night, an extreme geomagnetic storm =
is in progress.</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>The mid latitude K index has been as high as 9, and =
severe space</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>weather is predicted for the short term. Average =
daily sunspot</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>numbers more than doubled this week to 201.4. Average =
daily solar</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>flux was nearly double the previous week at 249. =
Average daily</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>sunspot numbers for the week as reported in this =
bulletin have not</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>been this high since the week of November 7-13, 2002, =
when it was</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>205.4. For solar flux, we go back to the week of =
January 24-30, 2002</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>when the average daily solar flux was 249.6.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>On Friday, October 24, a coronal mass ejection swept =
by earth around</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>1500z. The planetary K index went as high as 7, and =
aurora borealis</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>was seen as far as the southern United States. On =
Sunday, October 26</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>an X-class solar flare at 0650z was followed by =
another one twelve</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>hours later at 1850z. On October 28 one of the most =
powerful solar</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>flares seen in many years hurled a cloud of particles =
traveling</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>5,000,000 miles per hour toward earth. This triggered =
an S-3 class</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>solar radiation storm, and the next day the planetary =
A index shot</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>up to 189, and mid-latitude A index was 199. On that =
day, October</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>29, an intense geomagnetic storm raged in response to =
a coronal mass</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>ejection that hit earth around 0630z. Another =
powerful coronal mass</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>ejection hit earth on October 30. Check the web =
site,</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2><A =
HREF=3D"http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/solar_flare_031028.html">ht=
tp://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/solar_flare_031028.html</A> for =
a</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>news article on the major flares and resulting =
storms.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>This weekend is the ARRL November CW Sweepstakes. =
Conditions could</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>be good if the geomagnetic disturbances cool down. =
Currently the</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>predicted planetary A index for Friday through =
Monday, October 31</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>through November 3 is 100, 30, 15 and 15. The latest =
solar flux</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>forecast for those same days is 265, 260, 255 and =
255.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>Peter Greene, N2LVI wrote to inquire about when a =
solar cycle starts</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>and ends. It isn't easy to determine, and usually is =
some time after</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>the peak or the minimum that we can say when it was, =
because in</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>order to smooth out the solar cycle so that the peak =
can be seen, a</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>running average must be run. In addition, a change of =
sunspot cycles</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>means the polarity of the sunspots change, and spots =
from both the</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>old and new cycles coexist. A good explanation for =
this is on this</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>page: <A =
HREF=3D"http://www.sunspot.noao.edu/PR/answerbook/sunspots.html#q94">http=
://www.sunspot.noao.edu/PR/answerbook/sunspots.html#q94</A>.</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>Peter also sent us a link to <A =
HREF=3D"http://www.qsl.net/w2vtm/hf_solar.html">http://www.qsl.net/w2vtm/=
hf_solar.html</A></FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>where he put up a graphic look at HF propagation and =
solar indices.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>One of our readers has been taking photos of the sun. =
Jake, N0LX</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>sent along a link to <A =
HREF=3D"http://hometown.aol.com/n0lx/sun102403.html">http://hometown.aol.=/
com/n0lx/sun102403.html</A></FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>showing his photos.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>In closing, if the geomagnetic storms calm we could be =
in for some</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>fantastic conditions, assuming the sunspot numbers =
stay high.</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>Finally, a couple of graphs show the recent activity =
here,</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2><A =
HREF=3D"http://www.dxlc.com/solar/">http://www.dxlc.com/solar/</A> and =
here:</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2><A =
HREF=3D"http://www.wm7d.net/hamradio/solar/index.shtml">http://www.wm7d.n=/
et/hamradio/solar/index.shtml</A>.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>For more information about propagation and an =
explanation of the</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>numbers used in this bulletin see the Propagation =
page on the ARRL</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>Web site at <A =
HREF=3D"http://www.arrl.org/tis/info/propagation.html">http://www.arrl.or=/
g/tis/info/propagation.html</A>.</FONT>
</P>

<P><FONT SIZE=3D2>Sunspot numbers for October 23 through 29 were 122, =
160, 139, 191,</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>238, 230 and 330, with a mean of 201.4. 10.7 cm flux =
was 209.3,</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>190.6, 221.5, 298.3, 257.2, 274.4 and 291.7, with a =
mean of 249.</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>Estimated planetary A indices were 7, 34, 14, 10, 15, =
20 and 189,</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>with a mean of 41.3.</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>NNNN</FONT>

<BR><FONT SIZE=3D2>/EX</FONT>
</P>

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